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the division of large numbers of people into layers according to their relative power, property,...
a form of social stratification in which some people own other people
the practice of marrying within one's own group.
a form of social stratification based primarily on the possession of money or material possessions
culture of poverty
the assumption that the values and behaviors of the poor amke them fundamentally different...
according to Weber, a large group of people who rank close to one another in wealth, power,...
property and income
money recieved from a job, business or assets
the ability to carry out your will, even over the resistance of others.
C. Weight Mills' term for the top people in U.S corporations, military, and politics that make...
respect or regard
ranking high or low on all three dimensions of social class
ranking high or low on some dimensions of social class and low on others, also called status...
social ranking; the position that someone occupies in society or a social group
Durkheim's erm for a condition of society in which people become detached from the norms that...
contradictory class locations
Erik Wright's term for a position in the class structure that generates contradictory interests.
a group of people for whom poverty persists year after year and across generations
the change that family members make in social class from one generation to the next
upward social mobility
movement up the social class ladder
downward social mobility
movement down the social class ladder
movement up or down the social class ladder that is due to changes in the structure of society,...
about the same numbers of people moving up and down he social class ladder, such that, on balanace,...
the official measure of poverty; calculated to include those incomes that are less than three...
the feminization of poverty
a trend in the U.S. poverty whereby most poor families are headed by women.
culture of poverty
the assumption that the values and behaviors of the poor make them fundamentally different...
for-going something in the present in the hope of achieving greater gains in the future.
horatio alger myth
the belief that due to limitless possibilities anyone can get ahead if her or she tries hard...
a society or group in which men dominate women; authority is vested in males.
a society in which women as a group dominate men as a group.
the philosophy that men and women should be politically, economically, and socially equal;...
the mostly invisible barrier that keeps women from advancing to the top levels at work
the mostly invisible accelerators that push men into higher-level positions, more desirable...
the abuse of one's position of authority to force unwanted sexual demands on someone
Physical characteristics that distinguishes one group from one another
Having distinctive cultural characteristics
An act of infair treatment directed against an individual or a group
An attitude or prejudging, usually in a negative way.
Forcing a minority group to move
A policy of population elimination, including forcible expulsion and genocide.
The policy of keeping racial or ethnic groups apart.
The process of being absorbed into the mainstream culture.
White immigrants to the United States whose culture differ from that of WASP's
The number of years that an average person at any age, including newborns, can expect to live.
The maximum length of life of a species; for humans, the longest that a human has ever lived
A society (or some other group) ran by the elderly
Prejudice, discrimination, and hostility directed against people because of their age; can...
The view that society prevents disruption by having the elderly vacate (or disengage from)...
The number of workers required to support each dependent person -- those 65 and older and those...
A place, or services brought into someone's home, for the purpose of bringing comfort and dignity...
The direct exchange of one item for another
An economic system characterized by the private-ownership of the means of production, the pursuit...
Rule by the few
the ability to carry out your will, even over the resistance of others
the exercise of power in everyday life, such as deciding who is going to do the housework or...
the exercise of large-scale power, the government being the most common example
power that people consider legitimate, as rightly called legitimate power.
power the people do not accept as rightly exercised over them; also called illegitimate power.
a political entity that claims monopoly on the use of violence in some particular territory;...
armed resistance designed to overthrow and replace a government
authority based on custom
rational legal authority
authority based on law or written rules and regulations; also called bureaucratic authority
authority based on an individual's outstanding traits, which attract followers.
routinization of charisma
the transfer of authority from a charismatic figure to either a traditional or a rational-legal...
an independent city whose power radiates outward brining the adjacent area under it's rule
a form of governemtn headed by a king or a queen
a system of government in which authority derives from the people; the term comes from two...
a form of democracy in which the eligible voters meet together to discuss issues and make their...
a form of democracy in which voters elect representatives to govern and make decisions on their...
the concept that birth (and residence) in a country impart basic rights
the idea that everyone has the same basic rights by virtue of being born in a country (or...
a form of government in which power has been seized by an individual
a form of government that exerts almost total control over people.
an electoral system in which seats in a legislature are divided according to the proportion...
non centrist party
a politcal party that represents marginal ideas.
a politcal party that represents the center of political opinion
a government in which a country's largest party aligns itself with one or more smaller parties
indifference and inaction on the part of individuals or groups with respect to the political...
special interest group
a group of people who support a particular issue and who can be mobilized for poltical action
people who influence legislation on behalf of their clients
politcal action commitee
an orginazation formed by one or more special interest groups to solicit and spend funds for...
a condition of lawlessness of poltical disorder caused by the absence or collapse of governmental...
the diffusion of power among many interest groups that precents and single groups from gaining...
checks and balances
the serparation of powers among the three branches of U.S. government--legislative, exectutive,...
C Wright Mills term for the top people in U.S. corporations, military, and politics, who make...
another term for the power elite
armed conflict between nations or politcally distinct groups
the act or process of reducing people to objects that do not deserve the treatment accorded...
males and females unequal access to power, prestige, and property on the basis of their sex
biological characteristics that distinguish females and males, consisting of primarty and sexondary...
the behaviors and attitudes that a society considers proper for irs males and females; masculinity...