Medical Terminology

Medical Terminology Unit 13 Terms
  
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Apnea
 
absence of breathing
Atelectasis
 
collapsed lung
Bradypnea
 
slow breathing
Bronchitis
 
inflammation of the bronchi
Broncholith
 
bronchial stone
Bronchorrhagia
 
hemorrhage of the bronchi
Bronchorrhaphy
 
suture of the bronchi
Bronchoscopy
 
examination of the bronchi with a bronchoscope
Bronchospasm
 
uncontrolled contraction of the bronchial muscles
Cardiopulmonary
 
pertaining to heart and lungs
Chiroplasty
 
surgical repair of the hand
Chiropractic
 
practice of using hands for therapeutic spinal and skull manipulation, a philosophy of medicine based on musculoskeletal alignment and holistic health practices
Chiropractor
 
doctor of chiropractic (DC)
Dermatomycosis or mycodermatitis
 
fungal infection of the skin
Dextral
 
pertaining to the right
Dextrocardia
 
heart displaced to the right
Dextrogastria
 
stomach displaced to the right
Dyspnea
 
difficulty (painful) breathing
Embolus
 
a moving blood clot (embolism)
Endotracheal
 
inside the trachea
Epistaxis
 
nosebleed
Hemoptysis
 
bloody sputum
Fungi
 
plural of fungus
Geriatrics or gerontology
 
medical specialty studying aging and related diseases
Hyperpnea
 
increase in depth and rate of breathing
Laryngalgia
 
larynx pain
Laryngitis
 
inflammation of the voice box (larynx)
Laryngocele
 
herniation of the larynx
Laryngopathy
 
any disease of the larynx
Laryngoscope
 
an instrument used to examine the larynx
Laryngospasm
 
uncontrolled contraction of the vocal cords
Laryngostomy
 
making a new, permanent opening in the larynx
Laryngotomy
 
making a temporary incision into the larynx
Larynx
 
the voice box
Manual
 
pertaining to the hands
Mycoid
 
resembling a fungus
Mycology
 
the science and study of fungi
Nasoantritis
 
inflammation of the nose and antrum
Nasofrontal
 
pertaining to the nasal and frontal bones
Nasolacrimal
 
pertaining to the nose and lacrimal ducts
Nasomental
 
pertaining to the nose and chin
Nasopharyngeal
 
pertaining to the nasopharynx (nose and pharynx)
Nasopharyngitis
 
inflammation of the nose and pharynx
Nasoscope
 
instrument used to examine the nose
Orthopnea
 
dyspnea when lying down (straight) or any position other than sitting or standing upright
Otorhinolaryngologist
 
physician specialist in diseases of the ear, nose and throat
Pedal
 
pertaining to the foot
Pedialgia
 
foot pain
Pediatrician
 
physician specialist in children’s diseases and development
Pharyngocele
 
herniation (weakening of the wall) of the throat
Pharyngomycosis
 
fungal infection of the throat
Pharyngoplasty
 
surgical repair of the throat
Pharyngoscope
 
instrument used to examine the throat
Pharynx
 
throat
Phrenectomy or phrenicectomy)
 
excision of part of the phrenic nerve
Phrenoplegia
 
paralysis of the diaphragm
Pleural
 
pertaining to the pleura
Pleuralgia (pleurodynia)
 
pleural membrane pain
Pleurectomy
 
excision of part of the pleura
Pleurisy or pleuritis
 
inflammation of the pleura
Pleurocentesis
 
surgical puncture of the pleura to remove fluid
Pleurolith
 
stone in the pleural cavity
Pneumohemothorax
 
air and blood in the thoracic cavity
Pneumometer
 
instrument for measuring air volume
Pneumonectomy
 
excision of the lung
Pneumonia
 
inflammation of the lung
Pneumonocentesis
 
surgical puncture of the lung to remove fluid
Pneumonomelanosis
 
black lung disease
Pneumonomycosis
 
fungal infection of the lung
Pneumonopathy
 
any lung disease
Pneumonopexy or pneumonoplasty
 
surgical fixation of a prolapsed lung
Pneumonorrhagia
 
hemorrhage of the lung
Pneumonotomy
 
incision into the lung
Pneumotherapy
 
treatment using air
Pneumothorax
 
air in the thoracic cavity
Podiatrist
 
specialist in the care of conditions of the feet; may also perform surgery of the foot
Psychiatrist
 
physician specialist in mental disorders
Ptyalorrhea
 
flow of saliva
Rhinomycosis
 
fungal infection in the nose
Sinsitral
 
pertaining to the left
Tachypnea
 
fast breathing
Trachea
 
windpipe
Trachealgia
 
tracheal pain
Tracheocele
 
herniation of the tracheal wall
Tracheopyosis
 
condition of pus in the trachea
Tracheorrhagia
 
hemorrhage of the trachea
Tracheoscopy
 
process of inspecting the trachea
Tracheostomy
 
surgical creation of an opening in the trachea
Tracheotomy
 
incision into the trachea

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