LaFleur Chapter 5: Pgs 124-end

Surgical, Diagnostic, Complementary Terms
 
Created Dec 7, 2006
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adenoidectomy (ad-e-noyd-EK-to-me)
Surgical Term: excision of the adenoids
adenotome (AD-e-no-tom)
Surgical Term: surgical instrument used to cut the adenoids
bronchoplasty (BRON-ko-plas-tee)
Surgical Term: surgical repair of a bronchus
laryngectomy (lar-in-JEK-to-mee)
Surgical Term: excision of the larynx
laryngoplasty (lar-IN-go-plas-tee)
Surgical Term: surgical repair of the larynx
laryngostomy (lar-in-GOS-to-mee)
Surgical Term: creation of an artificial opening into the larynx
lobectomy (lo-BEK-to-mee)
Surgical Term: excision of a lobe (of the lung)
pleuropexy (plu-ro-PEK-see)
Surgical Term: surgical fixation of the pleura
pneumobronchotomy (nu-mo-bron-KOT-o-mee)
Surgical Term: incision of the lung and bronchus
pneumonectomy (nu-mo-NEK-to-mee)
Surgical Term: excision of a lung
rhinoplasty (RI-no-plast-ee)
Surgical Term: surgical repair of the nose
septoplasty (sep-to-PLAS-tee)
Surgical Term: surgical repair of the (nasal) septum
septotomy (sep-TOT-o-mee)
Surgical Term: incision into the (nasal) septum
sinusotomy (si-nu-SOT-o-mee)
Surgical Term: incision of a sinus
thoracocentesis (tho-rak-o-sen-TEE-sis)
Surgical Term: surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the chest cavity (also called thoracentesis)
thoracotomy (tho-ra-KOT-o-mee)
Surgical Term: incision into the chest cavity
tonsillectomy (ton-sil-EK-to-mee)
Surgical Term: excision of the tonsils
tracheoplasty (TRA-ke-o-plas-tee)
Surgical Term: surgical repair of the trachea
tracheostomy (tra-ke-OS-to-mee)
Surgical Term: creation of an artificial opening into the trachea
tracheotomy (tra-ke-OT-o-mee)
Surgical Term: incision of the trachea
bronchoscope (BRON-ko-scop)

Diagnostic Term: instrument used for visual examination of the bronchi
bronchoscopy (bron-KOS-koh-pee)

Diagnostic Term: visual examination of the bronchi
endoscope (EN-doh-skohp)
Diagnostic Term: instrument used for visual examination within a hollow organ or body cavity....
endoscopic (en-doh-SKOP-ic)
Diagnostic Term: pertaining to visual examination within a hollow organ or body cavity.
laryngoscope (lar-IN-goh-skohp)

instrument used for visual examination of the larynx
laryngoscopy (lar-in-GOS-koh-pee)

Diagnostic Term: visual examination of the larynx
thoracoscope (tho-RAK-oh-skohp)

Diagnostic Term: instrument used for visual examination of the thorax
thoracoscopy (tho-ra-KOS-koh-pee)

Diagnostic Term: visual examination of the thorax
capnometer (kap-NOM-e-ter)

Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: instrument used to measure carbon dioxide
oximeter (ok-SIM-e-ter)

Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: instrument used to measure oxygen saturation of the blood.
spirometer (spy-ROM-e-ter)

Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: instrument used to measure breathing
spirometry (spy-ROM-e-tree)
Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: a measurement of breathing or lung volumes
polysomnography (PSG) (pol-ee-som-NOG-rah-fee)

Diagnostic Term/Sleep Studies: process of recording many tests during sleep. These tests include...
chest x-ray (CXR)

Diagnostic Imaging Term: an x-ray image of the chest used to evaluate the lungs and the heart.
chest computed tomography (CT) scan (toe-MOG-ra-fee)

Diagnostic Imaging Term: computerized images of the chest created in sections from front to...
ventilation perfusion scanning (VPS) (ven-ti-LAY-shun) (per-FEW-zhun)

Diagnostic Imaging Term: a nuclear medicine procedure used to diagnose pulmonary embolism and...
acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear (AS-id-fast) (bah-SIL-eye)

Diagnostic/Laboratory term: a test performed on sputum to determind the presence of acid-fast...
arterial blood gases (ABGs) (ar-tee-ree-al)

Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: a test performed on arterial blood to determine levels...
pulmonary function tests (PFTs) (PUL-moh-ner-ee)
Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: a group of tests performed to measure breathing, which...
pulse oximetry (ok-SIM-e-tree)

Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: a noninvasive method of measuring oxygen in the blood by...
purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test

Diagnostic Term: a test performed on individuals who have recently been exposed to tuberculosis....
acapnia (a-CAP-nee-a)
condition of absence (less than normal level) of carbon dioxide (in the blood).
anoxia (a NOK-see-a)
absence (deficiency) of oxygen
aphonia (a-FOH-nee-a)
absence of voice
apnea (AP-nee-a)
absence of breathing
bronchoalveolar (bron-koh-al-VEE-oh-lar)
pertaining to the bronchi and alveoli
bronchospasm (BRON-koh-spazm)
spasmodic contraction in the bronchi
diaphragmatic (di-a-frag-MAT-ik)
pertaining to the diaphragm
dysphonia (dis-FOH-nee-a)
difficulty speaking (voice)
dyspnea (DISP-nee-a)
difficulty breathing
endotracheal (en-doh-TRAY-kee-al)
pertaining to within the trachea
eupnea (YOOP-nee-a)
normal breathing
hypercapnea (hi-per-KAP-nee-a)
condition of excessive carbon dioxide (in the blood)
hyperpnea (hi-perp-NEE-a)
excessive breathing
hypocapnia (hi-poh-KAP-nee-a)
condition of deficient carbon dioxide (in the blood)
hypopnea (hi-pop-NEE-a)
deficient breathing
hypoxemia (hi-pok-SEE-mee-a) *note: the o from hypo has been dropped. The final vowel...
deficient oxygen in the blood
hypoxia (hi-POK-see-a)
deficient oxygen (to the tissues)
intrapleural (in-tra-PLUR-al)
pertaining to within the pleura (space between the two pleural membranes)
laryngeal (lar-IN-jee-al)
pertaining to the larynx
laryngospasm (lar-ING-go-spazm)
spasmodic contraction of the larynx
mucoid (MEW-koyd)
resembling mucus
mucous (MEW-kus)
pertaining to mucus
nasopharyngeal (nay-zoh-fa-RIN-jee-al)
pertaining to the nose and the pharynx
orthopnea (or-THOP-nee-a)
able to breathe only in an upright position
pulmonary (PUL-mow-ner-ee)
pertaining to the lungs
rhinorrhea (rye-noh-REE-a)
discharge from the nose (as in a cold)
thoracic (tho-RAS-ik)
pertaining to the chest
airway (AIR-way)
passageway by which air enters and leaves the lungs as well as a mechanical device used to...
asphyxia (as-FIK-see-a)
deprivation of oxygen for tissue use, suffocation
aspirate (AS-per-ate)
to withdraw fluid or to suction as well as to draw foreign material into the respiratory tract.
bronchoconstrictor (bron-KOH-kon-STRIK-tor)
agent causing narrowing of the bronchi
bronchodilator (bron-koh-di-LA-tor)
agent causing the bronchi to widen
cough (kawf)
sudden, noisy expulsion of the air from the lungs
hiccup (HIK-up)
sudden catching of breath with a spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm
hyperventilation (hi-per-ven-ti-LA-shun)
ventilation of the lungs beyond normal body needs
hypoventilation (hi-po-ven-ti-LA-shun)
ventilation of the lungs that does not fulfill the body's gas exchange needs
mucopurulent (mew-koh-PUR-u-lent)
containing both mucus and pus
mucus (MEW-kus)
slimy fluid secreted by the mucous membranes)
nebulizer (neb-u-LIZ-er)
device that creates a mist used to deliver medication for giving respiratory treatments
nosocomial infection (nos-O-KOH-mee-al)
an infection acquired during hospitalization
paroxysm (PAR-ok-sizm)
periodic, sudden attack
patent (PAY-tent)
open (an airway must be patent)
sputum (SPEW-tum)
mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
ventilator (VEN-ti-LAY-tor)
mechanical device used to assist with or substitute for breathing when patient cannot breathe...


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