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LaFleur Chapter 5: Pgs 124-end


Surgical, Diagnostic, Complementary Terms
  
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adenoidectomy (ad-e-noyd-EK-to-me)
 
Surgical Term: excision of the adenoids
adenotome (AD-e-no-tom)
 
Surgical Term: surgical instrument used to cut the adenoids
bronchoplasty (BRON-ko-plas-tee)
 
Surgical Term: surgical repair of a bronchus
laryngectomy (lar-in-JEK-to-mee)
 
Surgical Term: excision of the larynx
laryngoplasty (lar-IN-go-plas-tee)
 
Surgical Term: surgical repair of the larynx
laryngostomy (lar-in-GOS-to-mee)
 
Surgical Term: creation of an artificial opening into the larynx
lobectomy (lo-BEK-to-mee)
 
Surgical Term: excision of a lobe (of the lung)
pleuropexy (plu-ro-PEK-see)
 
Surgical Term: surgical fixation of the pleura
pneumobronchotomy (nu-mo-bron-KOT-o-mee)
 
Surgical Term: incision of the lung and bronchus
pneumonectomy (nu-mo-NEK-to-mee)
 
Surgical Term: excision of a lung
rhinoplasty (RI-no-plast-ee)
 
Surgical Term: surgical repair of the nose
septoplasty (sep-to-PLAS-tee)
 
Surgical Term: surgical repair of the (nasal) septum
septotomy (sep-TOT-o-mee)
 
Surgical Term: incision into the (nasal) septum
sinusotomy (si-nu-SOT-o-mee)
 
Surgical Term: incision of a sinus
thoracocentesis (tho-rak-o-sen-TEE-sis)
 
Surgical Term: surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the chest cavity (also called thoracentesis)
thoracotomy (tho-ra-KOT-o-mee)
 
Surgical Term: incision into the chest cavity
tonsillectomy (ton-sil-EK-to-mee)
 
Surgical Term: excision of the tonsils
tracheoplasty (TRA-ke-o-plas-tee)
 
Surgical Term: surgical repair of the trachea
tracheostomy (tra-ke-OS-to-mee)
 
Surgical Term: creation of an artificial opening into the trachea
tracheotomy (tra-ke-OT-o-mee)
 
Surgical Term: incision of the trachea
bronchoscope (BRON-ko-scop)
 

Diagnostic Term: instrument used for visual examination of the bronchi
bronchoscopy (bron-KOS-koh-pee)
 

Diagnostic Term: visual examination of the bronchi
endoscope (EN-doh-skohp)
 
Diagnostic Term: instrument used for visual examination within a hollow organ or body cavity. Current trend is to use endoscopes for surgical procedures as well as viewing.
endoscopic (en-doh-SKOP-ic)
 
Diagnostic Term: pertaining to visual examination within a hollow organ or body cavity.
laryngoscope (lar-IN-goh-skohp)
 

instrument used for visual examination of the larynx
laryngoscopy (lar-in-GOS-koh-pee)
 

Diagnostic Term: visual examination of the larynx
thoracoscope (tho-RAK-oh-skohp)
 

Diagnostic Term: instrument used for visual examination of the thorax
thoracoscopy (tho-ra-KOS-koh-pee)
 

Diagnostic Term: visual examination of the thorax
capnometer (kap-NOM-e-ter)
 

Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: instrument used to measure carbon dioxide
oximeter (ok-SIM-e-ter)
 

Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: instrument used to measure oxygen saturation of the blood.
spirometer (spy-ROM-e-ter)
 

Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: instrument used to measure breathing
spirometry (spy-ROM-e-tree)
 
Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: a measurement of breathing or lung volumes
polysomnography (PSG) (pol-ee-som-NOG-rah-fee)
 

Diagnostic Term/Sleep Studies: process of recording many tests during sleep. These tests include electrocardiography, electromyography, electroencephalography, air flow monitoring, and oximetry
chest x-ray (CXR)
 

Diagnostic Imaging Term: an x-ray image of the chest used to evaluate the lungs and the heart.
chest computed tomography (CT) scan (toe-MOG-ra-fee)
 

Diagnostic Imaging Term: computerized images of the chest created in sections from front to back. Used to diagnose tumors, abscesses, and pleural effusion. Computer tomography is used to visualize other body parts such as the abdomen and the brain
ventilation perfusion scanning (VPS) (ven-ti-LAY-shun) (per-FEW-zhun)
 

Diagnostic Imaging Term: a nuclear medicine procedure used to diagnose pulmonary embolism and other conditions- also called a lung scan
acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear (AS-id-fast) (bah-SIL-eye)
 

Diagnostic/Laboratory term: a test performed on sputum to determind the presence of acid-fast bacilli which caused tuberculosis
arterial blood gases (ABGs) (ar-tee-ree-al)
 

Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: a test performed on arterial blood to determine levels of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other gases present.
pulmonary function tests (PFTs) (PUL-moh-ner-ee)
 
Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: a group of tests performed to measure breathing, which is used to determine respiratory function or abnormalities.
pulse oximetry (ok-SIM-e-tree)
 

Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: a noninvasive method of measuring oxygen in the blood by using a device that attaches to the fingertip
purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test
 

Diagnostic Term: a test performed on individuals who have recently been exposed to tuberculosis. PPD of the tuberculin bacillus is injected intradermally. Positive tests indicate pervious exposure, not necessarily active tuberculosis.
acapnia (a-CAP-nee-a)
 
condition of absence (less than normal level) of carbon dioxide (in the blood).
anoxia (a NOK-see-a)
 
absence (deficiency) of oxygen
aphonia (a-FOH-nee-a)
 
absence of voice
apnea (AP-nee-a)
 
absence of breathing
bronchoalveolar (bron-koh-al-VEE-oh-lar)
 
pertaining to the bronchi and alveoli
bronchospasm (BRON-koh-spazm)
 
spasmodic contraction in the bronchi
diaphragmatic (di-a-frag-MAT-ik)
 
pertaining to the diaphragm
dysphonia (dis-FOH-nee-a)
 
difficulty speaking (voice)
dyspnea (DISP-nee-a)
 
difficulty breathing
endotracheal (en-doh-TRAY-kee-al)
 
pertaining to within the trachea
eupnea (YOOP-nee-a)
 
normal breathing
hypercapnea (hi-per-KAP-nee-a)
 
condition of excessive carbon dioxide (in the blood)
hyperpnea (hi-perp-NEE-a)
 
excessive breathing
hypocapnia (hi-poh-KAP-nee-a)
 
condition of deficient carbon dioxide (in the blood)
hypopnea (hi-pop-NEE-a)
 
deficient breathing
hypoxemia (hi-pok-SEE-mee-a) *note: the o from hypo has been dropped. The final vowel in a prefix may be dropped when the word to which it is added begins with a vowel.)
 
deficient oxygen in the blood
hypoxia (hi-POK-see-a)
 
deficient oxygen (to the tissues)
intrapleural (in-tra-PLUR-al)
 
pertaining to within the pleura (space between the two pleural membranes)
laryngeal (lar-IN-jee-al)
 
pertaining to the larynx
laryngospasm (lar-ING-go-spazm)
 
spasmodic contraction of the larynx
mucoid (MEW-koyd)
 
resembling mucus
mucous (MEW-kus)
 
pertaining to mucus
nasopharyngeal (nay-zoh-fa-RIN-jee-al)
 
pertaining to the nose and the pharynx
orthopnea (or-THOP-nee-a)
 
able to breathe only in an upright position
pulmonary (PUL-mow-ner-ee)
 
pertaining to the lungs
rhinorrhea (rye-noh-REE-a)
 
discharge from the nose (as in a cold)
thoracic (tho-RAS-ik)
 
pertaining to the chest
airway (AIR-way)
 
passageway by which air enters and leaves the lungs as well as a mechanical device used to keep the passageway unobstructed.
asphyxia (as-FIK-see-a)
 
deprivation of oxygen for tissue use, suffocation
aspirate (AS-per-ate)
 
to withdraw fluid or to suction as well as to draw foreign material into the respiratory tract.
bronchoconstrictor (bron-KOH-kon-STRIK-tor)
 
agent causing narrowing of the bronchi
bronchodilator (bron-koh-di-LA-tor)
 
agent causing the bronchi to widen
cough (kawf)
 
sudden, noisy expulsion of the air from the lungs
hiccup (HIK-up)
 
sudden catching of breath with a spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm
hyperventilation (hi-per-ven-ti-LA-shun)
 
ventilation of the lungs beyond normal body needs
hypoventilation (hi-po-ven-ti-LA-shun)
 
ventilation of the lungs that does not fulfill the body's gas exchange needs
mucopurulent (mew-koh-PUR-u-lent)
 
containing both mucus and pus
mucus (MEW-kus)
 
slimy fluid secreted by the mucous membranes)
nebulizer (neb-u-LIZ-er)
 
device that creates a mist used to deliver medication for giving respiratory treatments
nosocomial infection (nos-O-KOH-mee-al)
 
an infection acquired during hospitalization
paroxysm (PAR-ok-sizm)
 
periodic, sudden attack
patent (PAY-tent)
 
open (an airway must be patent)
sputum (SPEW-tum)
 
mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
ventilator (VEN-ti-LAY-tor)
 
mechanical device used to assist with or substitute for breathing when patient cannot breathe unassisted.

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