LaFleur Chapter 5: pgs 124-end

85 cards

Surgical, Diagnostic, Complementary Terms


 
  
Created Dec 7, 2006
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1
adenoidectomy (ad-e-noyd-EK-to-me)
 
Surgical Term: excision of the adenoids
2
adenotome (AD-e-no-tom)
 
Surgical Term: surgical instrument used to cut the adenoids
3
bronchoplasty (BRON-ko-plas-tee)
 
Surgical Term: surgical repair of a bronchus
4
laryngectomy (lar-in-JEK-to-mee)
 
Surgical Term: excision of the larynx
5
laryngoplasty (lar-IN-go-plas-tee)
 
Surgical Term: surgical repair of the larynx
6
laryngostomy (lar-in-GOS-to-mee)
 
Surgical Term: creation of an artificial opening into the larynx
7
lobectomy (lo-BEK-to-mee)
 
Surgical Term: excision of a lobe (of the lung)
8
pleuropexy (plu-ro-PEK-see)
 
Surgical Term: surgical fixation of the pleura
9
pneumobronchotomy (nu-mo-bron-KOT-o-mee)
 
Surgical Term: incision of the lung and bronchus
10
pneumonectomy (nu-mo-NEK-to-mee)
 
Surgical Term: excision of a lung
11
rhinoplasty (RI-no-plast-ee)
 
Surgical Term: surgical repair of the nose
12
septoplasty (sep-to-PLAS-tee)
 
Surgical Term: surgical repair of the (nasal) septum
13
septotomy (sep-TOT-o-mee)
 
Surgical Term: incision into the (nasal) septum
14
sinusotomy (si-nu-SOT-o-mee)
 
Surgical Term: incision of a sinus
15
thoracocentesis (tho-rak-o-sen-TEE-sis)
 
Surgical Term: surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the chest cavity (also called thoracentesis)
16
thoracotomy (tho-ra-KOT-o-mee)
 
Surgical Term: incision into the chest cavity
17
tonsillectomy (ton-sil-EK-to-mee)
 
Surgical Term: excision of the tonsils
18
tracheoplasty (TRA-ke-o-plas-tee)
 
Surgical Term: surgical repair of the trachea
19
tracheostomy (tra-ke-OS-to-mee)
 
Surgical Term: creation of an artificial opening into the trachea
20
tracheotomy (tra-ke-OT-o-mee)
 
Surgical Term: incision of the trachea
21
bronchoscope (BRON-ko-scop)
 
Diagnostic Term: instrument used for visual examination of the bronchi
22
bronchoscopy (bron-KOS-koh-pee)
 
Diagnostic Term: visual examination of the bronchi
23
endoscope (EN-doh-skohp)
 
Diagnostic Term: instrument used for visual examination within a hollow organ or body cavity....
24
endoscopic (en-doh-SKOP-ic)
 
Diagnostic Term: pertaining to visual examination within a hollow organ or body cavity.
25
laryngoscope (lar-IN-goh-skohp)
 
instrument used for visual examination of the larynx
26
laryngoscopy (lar-in-GOS-koh-pee)
 
Diagnostic Term: visual examination of the larynx
27
thoracoscope (tho-RAK-oh-skohp)
 
Diagnostic Term: instrument used for visual examination of the thorax
28
thoracoscopy (tho-ra-KOS-koh-pee)
 
Diagnostic Term: visual examination of the thorax
29
capnometer (kap-NOM-e-ter)
 
Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: instrument used to measure carbon dioxide
30
oximeter (ok-SIM-e-ter)
 
Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: instrument used to measure oxygen saturation of the blood.
31
spirometer (spy-ROM-e-ter)
 
Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: instrument used to measure breathing
32
spirometry (spy-ROM-e-tree)
 
Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: a measurement of breathing or lung volumes
33
polysomnography (PSG) (pol-ee-som-NOG-rah-fee)
 
Diagnostic Term/Sleep Studies: process of recording many tests during sleep. These tests include...
34
chest x-ray (CXR)
 
Diagnostic Imaging Term: an x-ray image of the chest used to evaluate the lungs and the heart.
35
chest computed tomography (CT) scan (toe-MOG-ra-fee)
 
Diagnostic Imaging Term: computerized images of the chest created in sections from front to...
36
ventilation perfusion scanning (VPS) (ven-ti-LAY-shun) (per-FEW-zhun)
 
Diagnostic Imaging Term: a nuclear medicine procedure used to diagnose pulmonary embolism and...
37
acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear (AS-id-fast) (bah-SIL-eye)
 
Diagnostic/Laboratory term: a test performed on sputum to determind the presence of acid-fast...
38
arterial blood gases (ABGs) (ar-tee-ree-al)
 
Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: a test performed on arterial blood to determine levels...
39
pulmonary function tests (PFTs) (PUL-moh-ner-ee)
 
Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: a group of tests performed to measure breathing, which...
40
pulse oximetry (ok-SIM-e-tree)
 
Diagnostic Term/Pulmonary Function: a noninvasive method of measuring oxygen in the blood by...
41
purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test
 
Diagnostic Term: a test performed on individuals who have recently been exposed to tuberculosis....
42
acapnia (a-CAP-nee-a)
 
condition of absence (less than normal level) of carbon dioxide (in the blood).
43
anoxia (a NOK-see-a)
 
absence (deficiency) of oxygen
44
aphonia (a-FOH-nee-a)
 
absence of voice
45
apnea (AP-nee-a)
 
absence of breathing
46
bronchoalveolar (bron-koh-al-VEE-oh-lar)
 
pertaining to the bronchi and alveoli
47
bronchospasm (BRON-koh-spazm)
 
spasmodic contraction in the bronchi
48
diaphragmatic (di-a-frag-MAT-ik)
 
pertaining to the diaphragm
49
dysphonia (dis-FOH-nee-a)
 
difficulty speaking (voice)
50
dyspnea (DISP-nee-a)
 
difficulty breathing
51
endotracheal (en-doh-TRAY-kee-al)
 
pertaining to within the trachea
52
eupnea (YOOP-nee-a)
 
normal breathing
53
hypercapnea (hi-per-KAP-nee-a)
 
condition of excessive carbon dioxide (in the blood)
54
hyperpnea (hi-perp-NEE-a)
 
excessive breathing
55
hypocapnia (hi-poh-KAP-nee-a)
 
condition of deficient carbon dioxide (in the blood)
56
hypopnea (hi-pop-NEE-a)
 
deficient breathing
57
hypoxemia (hi-pok-SEE-mee-a) *note: the o from hypo has been dropped. The final vowel...
 
deficient oxygen in the blood
58
hypoxia (hi-POK-see-a)
 
deficient oxygen (to the tissues)
59
intrapleural (in-tra-PLUR-al)
 
pertaining to within the pleura (space between the two pleural membranes)
60
laryngeal (lar-IN-jee-al)
 
pertaining to the larynx
61
laryngospasm (lar-ING-go-spazm)
 
spasmodic contraction of the larynx
62
mucoid (MEW-koyd)
 
resembling mucus
63
mucous (MEW-kus)
 
pertaining to mucus
64
nasopharyngeal (nay-zoh-fa-RIN-jee-al)
 
pertaining to the nose and the pharynx
65
orthopnea (or-THOP-nee-a)
 
able to breathe only in an upright position
66
pulmonary (PUL-mow-ner-ee)
 
pertaining to the lungs
67
rhinorrhea (rye-noh-REE-a)
 
discharge from the nose (as in a cold)
68
thoracic (tho-RAS-ik)
 
pertaining to the chest
69
airway (AIR-way)
 
passageway by which air enters and leaves the lungs as well as a mechanical device used to...
70
asphyxia (as-FIK-see-a)
 
deprivation of oxygen for tissue use, suffocation
71
aspirate (AS-per-ate)
 
to withdraw fluid or to suction as well as to draw foreign material into the respiratory tract.
72
bronchoconstrictor (bron-KOH-kon-STRIK-tor)
 
agent causing narrowing of the bronchi
73
bronchodilator (bron-koh-di-LA-tor)
 
agent causing the bronchi to widen
74
cough (kawf)
 
sudden, noisy expulsion of the air from the lungs
75
hiccup (HIK-up)
 
sudden catching of breath with a spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm
76
hyperventilation (hi-per-ven-ti-LA-shun)
 
ventilation of the lungs beyond normal body needs
77
hypoventilation (hi-po-ven-ti-LA-shun)
 
ventilation of the lungs that does not fulfill the body's gas exchange needs
78
mucopurulent (mew-koh-PUR-u-lent)
 
containing both mucus and pus
79
mucus (MEW-kus)
 
slimy fluid secreted by the mucous membranes)
80
nebulizer (neb-u-LIZ-er)
 
device that creates a mist used to deliver medication for giving respiratory treatments
81
nosocomial infection (nos-O-KOH-mee-al)
 
an infection acquired during hospitalization
82
paroxysm (PAR-ok-sizm)
 
periodic, sudden attack
83
patent (PAY-tent)
 
open (an airway must be patent)
84
sputum (SPEW-tum)
 
mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
85
ventilator (VEN-ti-LAY-tor)
 
mechanical device used to assist with or substitute for breathing when patient cannot breathe...


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