LIN200 Exam Review

LIN200 Exam Review
Created Dec 6, 2006
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Side ASide B
Name the 7 Properities of Language
Communication, Cultural Transmission, Discreteness, Duality, Displacement Arbitrariness Productivity
State the 4 Manners of Articulation
Stops, Fricatives, Affricates, Nasals
What is the difference between allophones and phonemes?
Alophones do no occur in the same enviornment, they occur in comoplementary distribution. ...
Syllable Structures: The nucleus and coda form a ______ Open Syllables have no __________
rime, coda
Derivational Affixes may change the grammatical cateogry of a word: Name some for PREFIXES...
Nouns: anti- mis- Adj: in- un- Verbs: de- dis- un- mis- re-
Derivational Affixes may change the grammatical cateogry of a word: Name some suffixes that...
N->Adj : -al, -ful -ic -y N-> V : -ize
Derivational Affixes may change the grammatical cateogry of a word: Name some suffixes that...
A->N : -ness -ity A->V : -ate
Derivational Affixes may change the grammatical cateogry of a word: Name some suffixes that...
V->Adj : -ive -able V->Noun : -ant -ion -er -ment -ance
Name the 9 english inflectional affixes
1. -ing 2. Plural s 3. Possessive s 4. objective /m/ (the, a) 5. paste tense ed 6. 3rd...
1. Is -en part of the ALLOMORPHE of the morpheme plural for oxen?
1. No it is not, because affixes but be productive (occurs more than once)
go-went is an example of what kind of allmorph? child-ren : the -ren can be described can...
suppletion -ren from children is suppleted and also an inflectional morpheme
Name the 9 english inflectional affixes
1. -ing 2. Plural s 3. Possessive s 4. objective /m/ (the, a) 5. paste tense ed 6. 3rd...
What type of word-formation process does thid describe: Wolkenkrtzer('cloud scraper') which...
Load-translation or calque which is a form of BORROWING
What type of word-formation process does thid describe: aspiritn, nylon, zipper, kleenex,...
Coinage
What type of word-formation process does thid describe: Ottwa, Toronto from Algonquian. Algebra...
Borrowing (NOT loan translation)
What type of word-formation process does thid describe: binary/digit = bit breakfast/lunch...
Blending
What type of word-formation process does thid describe: television (from televise) donate...
Backformation
What type of word-formation process does thid describe: doubt, daily, knife, cripple, warm,...
Conversion
What type of word-formation process does thid describe: ad, prof, bike
Clipping
Name all the WORD-FORMTION processes involved in the word: car-phone
clipping (telephone to phone) and Compounding
Free lexical morphemes BELONG to what kind of class of morphemes? Name some:
Free lexical morphemes belong to an OPEN CLASS of morpehemes includes ADJ, Verbs, Adverbs,...
Functional morphemes BELONG to what kind of class of morphemes? Name some:
Closed class of morphemes: Prepositions: under, of , above, in Conjuctions: and, but while: pronouns:...
Name the type of transitivity involved in each of the verbs: He ARRIVED ________ He KISSED...
Intransitive Transitive Distransitive
Adjectives that are at an end of a sentence are known to be in __________ use. While they...
Predicative use :The apple is RED Attributieve use: My GREEN house
Name some Speech varieites (varieities of sytle)
Registers, : defined according to prestige, membership to a social group Jargon, - defined...
What is the difference between Pidgin and Creoles?
A Pidgin is a contact language developed between traders (mix), so it has NO native speakers,...
WHen does Decreolization happen?
Decreolization happens when a language that may have contributed to the Creole (former Pidgin)...
Name the 5 stages of Language Planning
1. Selection 2. Codification 3. Elaboration 4. Promotion and Implementation 5. ACCEPTANCE
Name the 5 stages of Language Planning
1. Selection 2. Codification 3. Elaboration 4. Promotion and Implementation 5. ACCEPTANCE
The following features describe what kind of English: 1. deletion of /r/ between a vowel 2....
ANswer: African American English AAE
What is the difference between Accents and Dialects?
Accents only refer to PRONUNICATION. Dialects in contrast refer to gelgraphical areas with...
List the 6 possible rules we have studied about Phonetical Plaussibility (DISCAP)
Deletion Intervocalic Voicing Stops become fricatives Consonants voicless at end of words Assimilation...
In Diachronic analysis(the predicatble and syematic changes), we can study changes in 5 ways...
1. Phological changes - Great Vowel Shift/ Metathesis/ephethesis/porthesis 2. Morphophological...
What are the 4 parts of the brain, and briefly what are they responsible for?
1. Broca's area - articuation, inflectional and functional morphemes. 2. Wernicke's area -...
What is Dichotic listening?
What is experienced on the right side of the body is processed in the left hemisphere
What are the charactieristcs of the right hemisphere?
Right Hemisphere: non-linguistic processing, holistic; advantages for melodies, enviornmental...
What connects the left and right hemisphere?
Corupus Caoosum
List the 5 symptoms of Wernicke's aphasia
1. Fluent Speech 2. Difficult to comprehend 3. Repeated Tip of the Toung Phen 4. Paraphrasing 5....
List the syptoms of Broca's Aphasia.
1. Distorted Articulation 2. Slow, effortful speech 3. Frequent omission of function words 4....
List the symtpoms of Conduction Aphasia.
1. No Articulation Problems 2. Distorted rhthym (pauses, hestitation) 3. Good comprehension...
Name 5 characteristics of caretaker speech (motherese)
simple sentence structure, repetion, few incomplete sentences, short sentences, imperatives...
List the 5 Stages of Language Aquisition (Mean Lenght of Utterance vs age)
1. Cooing and Babbling 2. Phonological development - stopping. 3. Syntactic Deveopment -...
IN the one word stage, what are the 3 general tendencies in pronunication?
1. Vowels are generally acquired consonants. 2. Stops before other consonants 3. Regarding...
What are the stages of Syntactic development? (Hint: there are 5 stages)
1. One Word Stage 2. Two Word Stage 3. Telegraphic Speech 4. Questions 5. Negation
What is the basicl LEXICAL relation ship between the folloing pair of words: suite, sweet
Homophony
What is the basicl LEXICAL relation ship between the folloing pair of words: Mature, ripe
Synonymy
What is the basicl LEXICAL relation ship between the folloing pair of words: Shallow, deep
Antonymy
What is the basicl LEXICAL relation ship between the folloing pair of words: move run
hyponymy
What is the basicl LEXICAL relation ship between the following pair of words: table, furniture
hyponymy
What is the basicl LEXICAL relation ship between the following pair of words: as GRADABLE or...
gradable
What is the basicl LEXICAL relation ship between the following pair of words: as GRADABLE or...
non-gradable
What is the basicl LEXICAL relation ship between the following pair of words: as GRADABLE or...
non-gradable
What is the basicl LEXICAL relation ship between the following pair of words: as GRADABLE or...
non-gradable
What is the basicl LEXICAL relation ship between the following pair of words: as GRADABLE or...
gradable
What is the basicl LEXICAL relation ship between the following words: king-crown; The President...
Metonymy - when a word is used in place of another word or expression to convey the same meaning
What is the basicl LEXICAL relation ship between the following words: head of your body, glass...
Polysemy - one word has several related meanings:
What is the basicl LEXICAL relation ship between the following words: club (blunt weapon)...
Homonym (written and spoken) Same spelling and Same pronunication, different meaning.
What is the basicl LEXICAL relation ship between the following words: lead(noun) , lead (verb)
Homograph: Same spelling only (not necessarily pronunication - would make it a Homonymy)
Identify the sematnic role of the CAPTILALIZED NOUN PHRASE.(Agent , theme etc.) Fred whacked...
Theme, Source, Goal, Location, Experiencer.
Give an example in each of the 5 stages of 1st Language Acquisition
1. Cooing and Babbling - pbm are frequently found consonants 2. Phonological development:...
List the 5 changes that occur in diachornic analysis
1. phonological - vowel shift 2.morphological - OE case system 3. syntactic - OE flexibility...
To a speaker of the 17th centuray meat mean food and flesh meant meat. Is this an example...
Narrowing
Middle english dogge was only a certain breed of dog . Is this an example of broadening or...
roadening
This term describes virtual lines that are drawn between dialects for certain linguistic properities.
Isoglosses
This term describes what happens when a language that may have contributed to a Creole receives...
Decreolization


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