Juvenile Delinquency

40 cards

Nature of Youth Crime


 
  
Created Dec 7, 2006
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1
What is Juveline Delinquency?
 
Refers to the violations of the criminal law by minors.
2
How did attitudes towards children change over time and what contributed to the changes?
 
People's view of children began to change in the 1500's and 1600's. Children began to be seen...
3
What are the Child Savers?
 
Society for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency founded the New York State House of Refuge...
4
Describe significant developments leading up to the creation of the first juvenile court.
 
Social changes: Rural to urban society. Urba areas were populated by a large number of poor...
5
ex parte Crouse (1838)
 
Established the principle of parens patriae (the state as parent). Which meant that it was...
6
Ilinois Juvenile Court Act(1899)
 
The Child Saver's resulted in the establishment of the first juvenile court in Cook County,...
7
Is the Due Process important for juvenile justice system? Discuss advantages/disadvantages.
 
Due Process is important for the juvenile justuce system because it is stated in the Constitution...
8
Reading 2: The Child Saving Movement and the Origins of the Juvenile System. What is Platt's...
 
Platt believed there was a middle class desire to control the dangerous and perishing classes....
9
Reading 3:The Juvenile Court Law in Cook County,Illinois, 1899. Why does the author belive...
 
Tuthill believes that probation officers are the keystone of the court. They enable the court...
10
What rights were extended as a result of the Gault case?
 
Juveniles were entitled to due process uner the 14th amendment. 1.) Notice of the charges with...
11
Bortner and Williams Preface Ch. 1 What proportion of juveniles in the Arizone juvenile...
 
15%
12
What were some specific strategies employed in Arizonato reform the system?
 
1.) Each youth has a right to individualize care and treatment in the "least restrictive way."2.)...
13
What are total institutions?
 
A person is encouraged to view themselves as a unique individual who has control over their...
14
How did Johnson v. Upchurch impact the Arizona juvenile justice system?
 
Lawsuit described youths were subject to cruel,harsh conditions, unrehabilitative environment....
15
What are dominant characteristics of the model program introduced in Arizona?
 
Stated that it intended to respect and validate the personhood of those involved. Build a sense...
16
What problems were found at CJTS? Criminal Justice Training Schools
 
1.) Inadequate resources/staffing 2.)Lack of oversight 3.)Failure to meet mental health needs 4.)Routine...
17
Ch.21-Juvenile Court and Corrections: What do the Juvenile Court and Juvenile Correctional...
 
Rehabilitation is still an important goal of the court, but juvenile courts have also come...
18
What are the stages in the Juvenile Justice System?
 
1.)Referral to juvenile court 2.)Intake Officer screening-Gather info about case and decide...
19
What dispositions are available to juvenile court judges?
 
1.)Regular probation-Supervision and treatment of the juvenile in the community by a probation...
20
What are conditions like in juvenile correctional facilities? Are adequate treatment programs...
 
Conditions differ among facilities. Some are small housing while other house several hundred...
21
What evidence exists concerning brain development that has implications for youthful offending?
 
Structurally the brain is still growing and maturing during adolescence and could stop around...
22
Ch 22 Does the Juvenile Justice System Discriminate against certain groups in efforts to control...
 
Almost all studies find that the most important determinants of how juveniles are treated in...
23
What evidence exists concerning discrimination in the juvenile justice system? How has this...
 
Over-representation is partly due to discrimination against African Americans.Believe they...
24
CH 23. Is it possible to control delinquency by punishing more offenders and punishing them...
 
Deterrance is based on the fear of punishment.If society increases the certainty/severity of...
25
Deterrance/Incapacitation/Get Tough
 
Get Tough approaches have no effect or only a small effect on future offending and in certain...
26
Reasons why punishing offenders may not deter them from committing delinquent acts.
 
1.) Juvenile justice system doesn't punish in an effective way.Not certain. 2.)Many juveniles...
27
How does a "restorative justice" approach differ from "get tough" efforts?
 
Restorative Justice argue that it is important to hold delinquents accountable for their offenses...
28
Ch 2 Measurement What are the different method used to measure youth crime?
 
1.) "official" Statistics- from police, juvenile court and correctional agencies. 2.)"Self-report"...
29
What are the major strengths/weaknesses of each method?
 
Arrest Data-Weakness-Most delinquent acts don't become known to the police. Don't catch offenders...
30
UCR -8 Part I Offenses
 
1.)Murder 2.)Forcible Rape 3.)Aggravated Assault 4.)Robbery 5.)Burglary 6.)Larceny 7.)Arson 8.)Motor...
31
Ch 3 How much Delinquency is there? What are the offenses juveniles are most and least commonly...
 
Most:Part1-Larceny-Theft Least:Part1-murder Most:Part2-All other offenses Least:Part2-Embezzlement
32
Ch 4 Who is most likely to engage in delinquency? Are there patters of delinquency along...
 
Social Class-Arrest data tend to focus on more serious delinquency.Likelu that social class...
33
Are there different types of juvenile offenders?
 
High-Rate,serious,chronic offenders-5% of juvenile population.More likely to be male, poor...
34
Ch 5 What is a Theory and How do we test Theories? Why is it important to test theory?
 
1.) Define independent and dependent variable. 2.)Decide how to gather data to test your belief...
35
What is a dependent variable?What is an independent variable?What is a conditioning variable?
 
Dependent Variable-What is caused by the independent variable. Independent variable-What causes...
36
Ch 6 Strain Theory:Does Strain or Stress cause Delinquency? What does Rober Merton say about...
 
1.Theories don't cause behaviors,they are explanation.2. Explains criminal behavior by examining...
37
How does Agnew expand upon Merton's ideas?
 
Believes strain creates anger/frustration.1.Failure to achieve positively valued goals.2.Strain...
38
Ch 7 Social Learning Theory: Do individuals learn to be delinquent from others? What factors...
 
Whether juveniles learn to conform or engage in delinquency depends on primarily on the nature...
39
What are the major types of control?
 
Direct control:Someone watching over the juvenile and sanctioning them for deviance.(setting...
40
Statutory Waiver? Prosectutorial Waiver? Judicial Waiver?
 
Statutory:If serious crime is committed, will be tried as adult. Prosecutorial:Prosecutor's...


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