EMT B Chapter 3: Medical, Legal, And Ethical Issues Vocabulary

Chapter 3 Vocabulary From EMT-B Textbook

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Side ASide B
Unilateral termination of care by the EMT without the patient's consent and without making provisions for transferring care.
Advance Directive
Written documentation that specifies medical treatment for a competent patient should the patient become unable to make decisions, AKA a living will.
Unlawfully placing a patient in fear of bodily harm.
Touching a patient or providing emergency care without consent.
A process in which a person, an institution, or a program is evaluated and recognized as meeting certain standards to provide safe and ethical care.
Able to make rational decisions about personal well-being.
Permission to render care.
Dependent Lividity
Blood settling to the lowest point of the body, causing discoloration of the skin.
Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) Orders
Written documentation by a physician giving permission to medical personnel not to attempt resuscitation in the event of cardiac arrest.
Duty To Act
A medicolegal term relating to certain personnel who either by statute or by function has a responsibility to provide care.
A serious situation that threatens the life or welfare of a person or group of people and requires immediate intervention.
Emergency Medical Care
Immediate care or treatment.
Express Consent
A type of consent in which a patient gives express authorization for provision of care or transport.
Forcible Restraint
The act of physically preventing an individual from any physical action.
Good Samaritan Laws
Laws enacted to protect citizens from liability for errors in giving emergency medical care, unless they are grossly negligent.
Implied Consent
Type of consent in which a patient who is unable to give consent is given treatment under the legal assumption that he or she would want treatment.
Informed Consent
Permission for treatment given by a competent patient after the potential risks, benefits, and alternatives to treatment have been explained.
A term relating to medical jurisprudence (law) or forensic medicine.
Failure to provide the same care that a person with similar training would provide.
basing current action on lessons, rules, or guidelines derived from previous similar experiences.
Decomposition of body tissues.
Rigor Mortis
Stiffening of the body; a definitive sign of death.
Standard of Care
Written levels of emergency care expected by reason of training and profession so that patients are not exposed to unreasonable risk or harm.

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