EMT B Chapter 3: Medical, Legal, And Ethical Issues Vocabulary

EMT B Chapter 3: Medical, Legal, And Ethical Issues Vocabulary Chapter 3 Vocabulary From EMT-B Textbook
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Abandonment
 
Unilateral termination of care by the EMT without the patient's consent and without making provisions for transferring care.
Advance Directive
 
Written documentation that specifies medical treatment for a competent patient should the patient become unable to make decisions, AKA a living will.
Assault
 
Unlawfully placing a patient in fear of bodily harm.
Battery
 
Touching a patient or providing emergency care without consent.
Certification
 
A process in which a person, an institution, or a program is evaluated and recognized as meeting certain standards to provide safe and ethical care.
Competent
 
Able to make rational decisions about personal well-being.
Consent
 
Permission to render care.
Dependent Lividity
 
Blood settling to the lowest point of the body, causing discoloration of the skin.
Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) Orders
 
Written documentation by a physician giving permission to medical personnel not to attempt resuscitation in the event of cardiac arrest.
Duty To Act
 
A medicolegal term relating to certain personnel who either by statute or by function has a responsibility to provide care.
Emergency
 
A serious situation that threatens the life or welfare of a person or group of people and requires immediate intervention.
Emergency Medical Care
 
Immediate care or treatment.
Express Consent
 
A type of consent in which a patient gives express authorization for provision of care or transport.
Forcible Restraint
 
The act of physically preventing an individual from any physical action.
Good Samaritan Laws
 
Laws enacted to protect citizens from liability for errors in giving emergency medical care, unless they are grossly negligent.
Implied Consent
 
Type of consent in which a patient who is unable to give consent is given treatment under the legal assumption that he or she would want treatment.
Informed Consent
 
Permission for treatment given by a competent patient after the potential risks, benefits, and alternatives to treatment have been explained.
Medicolegal
 
A term relating to medical jurisprudence (law) or forensic medicine.
Negligence
 
Failure to provide the same care that a person with similar training would provide.
Precedence
 
basing current action on lessons, rules, or guidelines derived from previous similar experiences.
Putrefaction
 
Decomposition of body tissues.
Rigor Mortis
 
Stiffening of the body; a definitive sign of death.
Standard of Care
 
Written levels of emergency care expected by reason of training and profession so that patients are not exposed to unreasonable risk or harm.
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