Digestive System

51 cards

Fill In The Blank, Multiple Choice, True/false, And Chemical Digestion Chart --- Study Guide For Test


 
  
Created Dec 7, 2006
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1
The organs of the digestive system form an irregularly shaped tube called the alimentary canal...
 
gastrointestinal tract (GI)
2
The churning of food in the stomach is an example of the ________ breakdown of food.
 
mechanical
3
Waste material resulting from the digestive process is known as--
 
feces
4
Foods undergo 3 kinds of processing in the body: _________, ________, _________
 
digestion, absorption, and metabolism
5
The serosa of the digestive tube is composed of the _________ __________ in the abdominal cavity.
 
parietal peritoneum
6
The digestive tract extends from the ________ to the _________.
 
mouth to the anus
7
The inside or hollow space within the alimentary canal is called the ________.
 
lumen
8
The inside layer of the digestive tract is the _________.
 
mucosa
9
The connective tissue layer that lies beneath the lining of the digestive tract is the ___________.
 
submucosa
10
The muscularis contracts and moves food through the gastrointestinal tract by a process known...
 
peristalsis
11
The outermost covering of the digestive tube is the _______.
 
serosa
12
The loops of the digestive tract are anchored to the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity...
 
mesentary
13
The largest of the papillae on the surface of the tongue are ________.
 
vallate
14
The first baby tooth, on average, appears at age ______.
 
6 months
15
The portion of the tooth that is convered with enamel is the--
 
crown
16
The wall of the puplp cavity is surrounded by--
 
Dentin
17
The permanent central incisor erupts between the ages of __-__
 
7-8
18
The third molar appears between the ages of __-__
 
17-24
19
The ducts of the _______ glands open in the floor of the mouth.
 
Sublingual
20
The volume of the saliva secreted per day is about --
 
1 liter
21
Mumps are an infenction of the _______ gland.
 
parotid
22
Incisors are used during mastication to --
 
cut
23
Another name for the third molar --
 
wisdom teeth
24
After food has been chewed, it is formed into a small rounded mass called a ________.
 
chyme
25
The ________ is a tubelike structure that functions as part of the respiratory and digestive...
 
pharynx
26
The pharynx connects the mouth with the ________, which serves as a passage way for movement...
 
esophagus
27
Food enters the stomach by passing through the muscular ___________ _______ at the end of the...
 
gastroesaphageal sphincter
28
3 divisions of the stomach:
 
fundus, body, and pylorus
29
Food is held in the stomach by the _______ _______ muscle long enough for partial digestion...
 
pyloric sphincter
30
ruage
 
stomach folds
31
Lesser curvature
 
Upper right border of the stomach
32
Lesser curvature
 
Upper right border of the stomach
33
Hiatal hernia
 
Condition that may result in backward movement or reflux of stomach contents into the lower...
34
Esophagus
 
10-inch passageway
35
Tagameo
 
Drug used to treat GERD
36
Triple therapy
 
used to heal ulcers and prevent recurrences
37
Peristalsis
 
Sesisolid mixture of stomach contents
38
Acid indigestion
 
heartbearn
39
greater curvature
 
lower left border of stomach
40
common bile duct
 
The undion of the cystic duct and hepatic duct form--
41
hepatic duct
 
Obstruction of the ________ ______ will lead to jaundice.
42
common bile duct
 
The union of the cystic duct and hepatic duct form the--
43
lacteal
 
Each villus in the intestine contains a lumphatic vessel or ___________ that serves to absorb...
44
major duodenal papilla
 
The middle thrid of the duodenum contains the _______ ________ ________.
45
exocrine
 
The liver is a ________ gland
46
Fats in chyme stimulate the secretion of the hormone _________.
 
Cholecystokinin
47
The largest gland in the body is the ________.
 
liver
48
Most of the digestion of carbohydrates takes place in the --
 
small intestine
49
Fats are broken down into --
 
Fatty acids
50
ose
 
sugar
51
ase
 
enzyme


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