Chapter 9 Motivation

35 cards

Chapter 9 test


 
  
Created Dec 7, 2006
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1
Maslow
 
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
2
homeostasis
 
the body's tendency to maintain an equilibrium, or steady state
3
drive
 
an aroused state that occurs because of a physiological need
4
need
 
a deprivation that energizes the drive to eliminated or reduce the deprivation
5
motivation
 
gives behavior, thoughts, and feelings a purpose and makes behavior energized, directed, and...
6
What is the cognitive approach to motivation?
 
Humans are rational and aware of their motivation
7
intrinsic motivation
 
a motivation based on internal factors, such as self-determination, curiosity, challenge and...
8
extrinsic motivation
 
a motivation that involves external incentives, such as rewards and punishments
9
Yerkses Dodson
 
The law that states that performance is best under conditions of moderate arousal
10
basal metabolisim rate
 
The minimum amount of energy used by an individual in a resting state
11
attribution theory
 
people are motivated to discover the underlying causes of behavior in order to understand behavior
12
amygdala
 
the brain structure involved in negative emotions
13
3 chemicals involved in hunger
 
1) glucose-blood sugar 2) insulin-hormone, causes excess to be stored as fat...
14
What is the lateral hypothalamus responsible for?
 
-stimulating eating -increased appetite
15
What is the ventromedial hypothalamus responsible for?
 
-reducing hunger -restricting appetite
16
What are 3 biological factors that contribute to obesity?
 
1)heredity 2)chemical substances (inbalance) 3)brain...
17
Name 4 cognitive and social factors that contribute to obesity
 
1)time 2)place 3)environment...
18
What are the 4 phases that make up the human sexual response pattern?
 
1)excitement phase 2)plateau 3)orgasm...
19
Who was responsible for the Human Sexual Response Pattern?
 
Masters and Johnson
20
What are sexual scripts?
 
stereotyped patterns of expectancies for how people should behave sexually
21
Psychosexual dysfunctions
 
disorders that involve impairments in the sexual response pattern, either in the desire for...
22
Who was responsible for the Sex in America survey?
 
Robert Michael
23
What is Zillbergeld known for?
 
He is a sexuality expert known for debunking sexual myths
24
What are 4 influential factors involved in sexual orientation?
 
1)genetic 2)hormonal 3)cognitive...
25
What is the need for achievement?
 
the desire to accomplish something, to reach a standard of excellence, and to expend effort...
26
What is the Attribution Theory?
 
It states that individuals are motivated to discover the causes of behavior in an effort to...
27
What is McClelland known for?
 
achievement studies
28
Define emotion
 
feeling, or affect, that can involve physiological arousal, conscious experience, and behavioral...
29
What is the Autonomic Nervous System responsible for?
 
Taking messages to and from the body's internal organs, monitoring such processes such as breathing...
30
What is the SNS responsible for?
 
Involved in the body's arousal
31
What is the PNS responsible for?
 
calming the body from the affects of the SNS
32
What side of your brain is responsible for positive (happy) emotions? Negative?
 
left-happy right-sad, disgust
33
What is the 2 factor theory of emotion and who is responsible for it?
 
States that emotion is determined by physiological arousal and cognitive labeling; developed...
34
Who developed the facial feedback hypothesis and what does it state?
 
Ekman developed the idea that facial expressions can influence emotions as well as reflect...
35
Display Rules
 
sociocultural standards that determine when, where, and how emotions should be expressed

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