Chapter 8: Anxiety Disorders

Abnormal Psychology
 
Created Dec 7, 2006
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anxiety
An affect with both psychological and physiological aspects. Generally, an unpleasant emotional...
anxiety disorders
Formerly called neurosis or neurotic disorders. Characterized by some form of anxiety as the...
Generalized Anxiety Disorders
Persistent anxiety that lasts at least one month and include several of the following: motor...
panic attacks
A rapidly rising surge of intense anxiety that occurs suddenly, either with or without clear...
phobia
excessive or inapprorriate fear of some particular object or situation that is not in fact...
phobic disorders
Type of anxiety disorder mainly chracterized by irrational and highly specific fears (for example,...
Specific phobias
Persistent irrational fears associated with a particular type of object (for instance, spiders...
social phobias
Type of irrational fear of those situations inwhich a person will be exposed to the scrutiny...
Agoraphobia
Pathological fear of open spaces.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Characterized by recurrent obsessions and/or compulsions, often accompanied by depression or...
obsessive Behavior
Characterized by preoccupation with a particular type of thought that keeps ocuring repetitively.
compulsive behavior
Behavior characterized by an indivdual's need to repeat a series of acts again and again, even...
Posttraumatic Stress Syndrome
Development of symptons in response to events of such severity that most people would be stressed...
Comorbidity
The significant overlap or co-occurrence of symptons and conditions in different disorders....
isolation
Defense mechanism by which inconsistent or contradictory attitudes and feelings are walled...
undoing
Defense mechanism aimed at negating or atoning for some disapproved impulse or act.
reaction formation
Defense mechanism that enables the individual to expess an unacceptable impulse by transforming...
Behavior Therapy
Includes several techniques of behavior modification based on laboratory-derived principles...
Exposure Therapy
Requiring the client to participate in anxiety-provoking situations under supportive supervision...
Systematic Desensistization
Learning theory based therapeutic technique in which a client is first trained in muscle relaxation,...
Implosive therapy
Behavior thereapy technique based on the principle of extinction. Client is repeatedly presented...
In vivio exposure therapy
A technique used in cognitive therapy or desensitization, in which the indivdual practices...
flooding
Behavioral therapeutic technique used particulary in the treatment of phobias. Treatment consists...
modeling
behavior learned or modified as a result of obsvering the behavior of others. Learner does...
Cogntive-Behavioral Therapy
A herapeutic approach that integrates methods from cogntive and behavioral therapies. It includes...
Cogntive Restructuring
A technique used by Albert Ellis and other cogntive therapists, in which the client is made...
Thought Stopping
A cogntive technique that uses a specific command as a distraction to end a period of obsessive...
Cogntive Rehearsing
Procedure in which a client learns to mentally rehearse ways to handle problem situtaions....
cogntive therapy
A form of psychotherapy that is focused on changing cognitions that lead to maladaptive behavior,...
Amygdala
A small structure deep inside the brain that may be abnormally activiated in anxiety disorder.
Hippocampus
One of two ridges along the lateral ventricles of the brain. Involved with the experience of...
Benzodiazepines
Group of drugs, such as Librium and Valium, used primarily to treat anxiety.


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