Chapter 7:Road to Independance

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Created Dec 7, 2006
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1
Who was a major thinker and write during the Enlightenment?
 
John Locke
2
What branch of the U.S. government make up the court system?
 
Judicial Branch
3
What was the name of America's first constitution?
 
The Articles of Confederation
4
What is the name of the lawmaking branch of government?
 
Legislative branch
5
Who introduced the Virginia Plan?
 
Edmund Randolph
6
What document created the Conferation Congress?
 
Articles of Confederation
7
What protects individual rights?
 
Bill of Rights
8
Presidential electors make up the __________ ____________
 
Electoral College
9
What was Shay's Rebellion?
 
To protect farmers from the state
10
Why was the government of the Confederation unable to pay its debts?
 
Lacked taxing power
11
What years did the Articles of Conferation govern the U.S.?
 
1781-1789
12
Under the U.S. Constitution, the president and vice-president are elected indirectly by a special...
 
Electoral College
13
What two important British documents influenced the framers of the U.S. Constition?
 
Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights
14
What divided in the West,north of the Ohio River into townships six miles long and six miles...
 
Ordinance of 1785
15
What did the Constitutional Convention decide that Congress would not interfere with for 20...
 
Slave Trade
16
What is the most distinctive features of the U.S. government?
 
Separation of power
17
What is the period when economic activity slows and unemployment increases called?
 
Depression
18
Who suggested the Great Compromise?
 
Roger Sherman
19
Which two states kept their colonial charters as their constitutions?
 
Connecticut, Rhode Island
20
What state was the first to approve the Constitution?
 
Delaware
21
What movement influenced the Constitution's architects?
 
Enlightenment
22
What was the name of America's first constitution?
 
The Articles of Confederation
23
What law helped stop the spread of slavery to the west?
 
Northwest Ordinance
24
What group supported the new Constitution?
 
Federalists
25
What keeps any one branch of government from gaining too much power?
 
Checks and Balances
26
How many states did Congress need to pass a law?
 
9 states
27
Control and use of what river was a major issue between the U.S. and Spain in the 1780's?
 
Mississippi River
28
How many states had to approve the Articles of Confederation?
 
13
29
Who has final authority under the federal system?
 
The Constitution
30
What type of government allow citizens to rule through elected representatives?
 
republic
31
What was the name of the book of essays explaning and supporting the Constitution?
 
Federalists Papers
32
The Divison of powers between the national government and the states is a _______________ system?
 
Federal
33
How can the president check Congress
 
Vetoing
34
What was the product of the "grand committee"
 
limited the power of the government
35
Under the Confederation, many states avoided a concentration of government power by establishing...
 
bicameral
36
When the U.S. Constitution was completed, why did three delegates refuse to sign it?
 
It did not have a Bill of Rights
37
The central government authority under the Articles of Confederation was the _____________
 
Confederation Congress
38
The system of ______________ in the U.S. Constitution ensures that no one branch of the federal...
 
Checks and Balances
39
Who was the presiding officer at the Constitutional Convention?
 
George Washington
40
What type of legislatures did most states establish?
 
bicameral

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