CHapter 23 And 24 AP European

33 cards
CHapter 23 And 24 AP European

AP European History Chapter 23 And 24 Vocab

Preview Flashcards

Front Back
Battle of Peterloo
 
a protest that took place at Saint Peterís Fields in Manchester that was broken up by armed cavalry in reaction to the revision of the Corn Laws.
bourgeoisie
 
middle class
Carlsbad Decree
 
issued in 1819, these decrees required the 38 German member states to root out subversive idea in their universities and newspapers.
Congress of Vienna
 
a meeting of Russia, Prussia, Austria and Great Britain to fashion a peace settlement having defeated France.
Corn Laws
 
laws revised in 1815 that prohibited the importation of foreign grain trade unless the price at home rose to improbable levels.
doers
 
the leading scientists, engineers and industrialists (according to Count Henri de Saint-Simon the doers would plan the economy and guide it forward by undertaking public works projects and establishment investment banks).
dual revolution
 
a term that historian Eric Hobsbawn used for the economic and political changes that tended to fuse, reinforcing each other.
Great Famine
 
the result of four years of crop failure in Ireland, a country that had grown dependent of potatoes as a dietary staple.
Holy Alliance
 
an alliance formed by Austria, Russia and Prussia in September of 1815 that became a symbol of the repression of liberal and revolutionary movements all over Europe.
laissez faire
 
economic liberalism that believes in unrestricted private enterprise and no government interference in the economy.
Liberalism
 
the principle ideas of which are equality and liberty, demanded representative government and equality before the law as well as individual freedoms such as freedom of press, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly and freedom from arbitrary arrest.
nationalism
 
the principle ideas of which are equality and liberty, demanded representative government and equality before the law as well as individual freedoms such as freedom of press, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly and freedom from arbitrary arrest.
parasites
 
the court, the aristocracy, lawyers and church men (according to Count Henri de Saint-Simon the key to progress was social organization and this required parasites to give way to doers).
proletariat
 
modern working class
romanticism
 
movement that was revolting against classicism and the Enlightenment, it was characterized by a belief in emotional exuberance, unrestrained imagination, and spontaneity in both art and personal life.
socialism
 
a backlash against the emergence of individualism and fragmentation of society it was a move towards cooperation and a sense of community, the key ideas were panning, greater economic equality and state regulation of property.
Sturm und Drang
 
"Storm and Stress", German early Romantics of the 1770s and 1780s who lived lives of tremendous emotional intensity - suicides, duels, madness and strange illnesses were common.
antiseptic principle
 
developed by English surgeon Joseph Lister, it was the idea that a chemical disinfectant applied to a wound dressing would destroy aerial bacteria.
Benthamite
 
follower of the radical philosopher Jeremy Benthamite who taught that public problems should be dealt with on a rational, scientific basis and according to the "greatest good for the greatest number."
Defense mechanism
 
Freudís postulation that much of human behavior is motivated by unconscious emotional needs whose nature and origins are kept from conscious awareness by various mental devices.
evolution
 
the idea, applied by thinkers in many fields, that stresses gradual change and continuous adjustment.
germ theory
 
the idea, contrary to miasmatic theory, that disease was spread through filth and not caused by it.
illegitimacy explosion
 
period between 1750 and 1850 marked by a high number of illegitimate births - by the 1840s, as many as one birth in three was occurring outside of wedlock in many large cities.
labor aristocracy
 
highly skilled workers who made up about 15% of the working classes at the turn of the 20th Century.
labor aristocracy
 
highly skilled workers who made up about 15% of the working classes at the turn of the 20th Century.
miasmatic theory
 
the belief that people contract disease when they breathe the bad odors of decay and putrefying excrement.
organic chemistry
 
the study of the compounds of carbon.
pasteurization
 
process developed by Louis Pasteur that suppressed the activity of living organisms in a beverage by heating it.
positivist method
 
Auguste Compteís discipline of sociology, which postulated that "each branch of our knowledge passes successively through three different theoretical conditions; the Theological, or ficticious; the Metaphysical, or abstract; and the Scientific, or positive."
realism
 
literary movement which stressed that literature should depict life exactly as it was.
seperate spheres
 
a rigid gender division of labor with the wife as mother and homemaker and the husband as wage earner.
social darwinists
 
group of thinkers popular with the upper middle class who saw the human race as driven forward to ever-greater specialization and progress by the unending economic struggle which would determine "the survival of the fittest."
thermodynamics
 
a branch of physics built on Newtonís laws of mechanics that investigated the relationship between heat and mechanical energy.
Related Flashcards