Air Force Officer Qualification Test (AFOQT)

286 cards

Study For The AFOQT Exam.


 
  
Created Oct 7, 2007
by
kalea07

 

 
Table View
 
Download
 
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

  Side A   Side B
1
Force necessary to overcome gravitational force to keep the airplane flying is termed
 
Lift
2
Ailerons are used primarily to
 
Roll the airplane
3
Ailerons are located
 
On the outer edge of the wings
4
Pitch makes the airplane
 
Go up and down
5
Bank makes the airplane
 
Roll or turn
6
The four aerodynamic forces acting on an airplane are
 
Drag, lift, thrust and weight
7
An airplane wing is designed to produce lift resulting from relatively
 
Positive (High) air pressure below the wings surface and negative (Low) air pressure above...
8
Flight Instruments
 
Airspeed Indicator Altimeter Attitude Indicator Vertical Velocity Indicator
9
Engine Instruments
 
Tachometer Ammeter (battery)
10
Altimeter
 
Altitude in MSL
11
Attitude
 
False Horizon
12
Vertical Velocity
 
How many feet per minute climbing/diving
13
Tachometer
 
Engine RPMS
14
Ammeter
 
Batter Power
15
Forces acting on an aircraft in a steady flight condition (no change in speed or flight path)
 
Lift equals Weight Thrust equals Drag
16
A flashing green air traffic control signal directed to an aircraft on the surface is a signal...
 
Is cleared to taxi
17
Steady red light signal from the tower to aircraft approaching to land
 
Continue circling
18
Flashing red light signal from the tower to aircraft approaching to land
 
Airport is unsafe for landing
19
Propeller blades are curved on one side and flat on the other side to
 
Produce thrust
20
When in the down (extended) position wingflaps provide
 
Greater lift and more drag
21
What makes an airplane turn
 
Horizontal componenet of lift
22
What is one advantage of an airplane said to be inherently stable
 
Airplane will require less effort to control
23
If the elevator trim tabs on the airplane are lowered, the plane will tend to
 
Nose up
24
The pilot always advances the throttle during a
 
Climb
25
The pilot of an airplane can best detect the approach of a stall by the
 
Ineffectiveness of the ailerons and elevator
26
It is ordinarily desirable to provide an unusually long flight strip at municipal airports...
 
Heavily loaded ships in still air
27
A closed runway is marked on an airfield diagram with
 
X X X
28
Over run is marked on an airfield diagram with
 
>>>
29
The rearward retarding force of airplane drag is opposed by
 
Thrust
30
Cowling is located
 
Around the engine
31
Airport taxiways are identified at night by omni directional edge lights in what color
 
Blue
32
If the aircraft ammeter is indicating a minus value, this means the
 
Generator or alternator output is inadequate
33
The angle formed by the chord of an airfoil and the direction of the relative wind is called...
 
Angle of attack
34
Aircraft Structure
 
Fuselage Wings (w/ ailerons & flaps) Empennage (tail) Landing Gear Power Plant
35
Empannage Parts
 
Fixed: Vertical stabilizer and horizontal stabilizer Moveable: Rudder, elevator, trim...
36
Power Plant Parts
 
Engine Propeller
37
What does the cowling do
 
Helps cool the engine
38
Propeller creates
 
Thrust
39
What does the rudder do
 
Moves the airplane nose left and right
40
What does the elevator do
 
Moves airplane nose up and down
41
Atmospheric pressure
 
Weather changes help lift airplane, actuates some flight instruments
42
Air Density
 
Effects airplanes capability
43
Less dense air
 
reduces power, thrust and lift
44
Density
 
Increases with altitude
45
Increase temps
 
Decreases density
46
Newtons Laws of Motion 1
 
Body at rest remains at rest
47
Newtons Laws of Motion 2
 
Constant force creates acceleration proportional to mass
48
Newtons Laws of Motion 3
 
One body exerts force on another, 2nd exerts force equal to 1st but in opposite direction
49
Magnus Effect
 
Low pressure upward force
50
Axes of Flight
 
Pitch Roll Yaw
51
Pitch
 
Lateral Axis (thru wings) Nose & Tail up and down Elevators
52
Roll
 
Longitudinal Axis (thru body) Wings up and down Ailerons
53
Yaw
 
Vertical Axis (up and down) Wings side to side Rudder
54
Rudder
 
Push left pedal, rudder moves left, moves tail to right and nose to the left.
55
Secondary Flight Controls
 
Flaps, leading edge devices, spoilers and trim devices
56
Trim Systems
 
Relieve pilot of the need to maintain constant pressure on flight controls
57
Altimeter Purpose
 
One of most vital inst. in acft. Measures where acft is at in atmosphere presents as altitude....
58
Altimeter Hands
 
Short: 10,000's feet Middle: 1,000's feet Long: 100's feet
59
Vertical Speed Indicator VSI or VVI
 
Indicates whether plane is climbing, descending or in level flight Ex: rate of climb 500fpm
60
Airspeed Indicator
 
Pressure measured, different colored arcs. White-Flap operating range Yellow-Caution range Red-Never...
61
Turn Indicators
 
Like a "level", if ball is uncentered aerodynamic forces are unbalanced.
62
Attitude Indicator
 
Miniture airplane and horizon bar. Indicates attitude of airplane relative to the true horizon.
63
Heading Indicator (aka directional gyro)
 
Basically compass, not affected by flight.
64
Turn Indicator
 
If aileron & rudder mvmnts are coordinated during turn, ball remains centered.
65
Magnetic Compass
 
Sets gyroscopic heading indicator. 30 degrees appears as 3.
66
Basic Flight Maneuvers
 
Straight & Level Turns Climbs Descents
67
Rudder moves
 
airplanes nose left and right
68
Aileron moves
 
Airplane wing
69
Elevator control moves
 
airplane nose up and down
70
Flying by attitude
 
visually establishing airplanes attitude with reference to natural horizon
71
Trim
 
Used to relieve all possible control pressures held after desired altitude has been attained
72
Straight and level flight
 
Main maneuver Constant heading and altitude is maintained Wing tips even with horizon
73
Level Turns
 
All 4 primary ctrls used (ailerons, elevator, throttle & rudder)
74
3 Types Level Turns
 
Shallow 20 degrees Medium 20-45 degrees Steep 45+ degrees
75
Empannage (cabin)
 
not considered a major component of an aircraft structure
76
Moving the control wheel or stick to the right will cause the right aileron to
 
Rotate forward
77
If the control wheel or stick is moved forward
 
Airspeed will increase Aircraft pitch will change
78
If the left rudder is pressed then the aircraft will
 
Yaw
79
Mach refers to
 
Speed of Sound
80
As the radius of a turn decreases the
 
positive g-forces are increased
81
As altitude increases in order to maintain the same amount of lift an aircraft must
 
fly faster
82
If a pilot is instructed to land on Rwy 27 using a straight approach, the heading should be...
 
270 degrees
83
When flaps are extended
 
Drag and lift increase
84
Which two flight controls are used to control the rate of a turn
 
Elevator and ailerons
85
An aircraft on a heading of 325 is flying
 
Northwest
86
Under normal VFR conditions how much of a pilots attention should be focused on cockpit instruments
 
10%
87
Large yellow X's painted on the end of the runway indicate
 
closed runway
88
The axis which extends lengthwise thru the fuselage from the nose to tail is
 
longitudinal axis
89
The transponder code which indicates an in-flight emergency is
 
7700
90
The ctrl system used primarily to relive the pilot from having to maintain constant pressure...
 
Trim
91
Drag (during climb) requires increase in thrust.
 
Need sufficient thrust to continue climb
92
Climb Types
 
Normal Best rate of climb (Vy) Best angle of climb (Vx)
93
An aircraft instructed to land on Rwy 23L would establish an approach heading of
 
230 degrees
94
The four aerodynamic forces acting on an airplane are
 
Drag, lift, thrust, weight
95
Moving the control stick to the right or left affects which aircraft controls
 
ailerons
96
The tachometer
 
is not a flight instrument
97
Flaps are generally used
 
during takeoff during landings
98
A flashing green air traffic control signal directed to an aircraft on the surface is a signal...
 
is cleared to taxi
99
In creating lift
 
the air moving over the wing moves faster than the air moving under the wing
100
The propeller blades are curved on one side and flat on the other to
 
produce thrust
101
On the ground, an aircraft is steered by
 
pushing the rudder peddles
102
Depressing the left rudder pedal would move the tail of the aircraft
 
right
103
An aircraft on a heading of 300 degrees is heading
 
Northwest
104
Supersonic means
 
Faster than the speed of sound
105
What is the standard weight for gasoline used in aircraft
 
6lbs/gal
106
The pilot of an airplane can best detect the approach of a stall by the
 
ineffectiveness of the ailerons and elevator
107
What makes an airplane turn
 
horizontal component of lift
108
Larger aircraft generally tend to
 
land on longer runways
109
For runway 23L, what does the L indicate
 
L stands for the left-hand runway at airports with two runways aligned in the same direction
110
Tachometer
 
indicates the speed at which the engine crankshaft is rotating. Not a flight instrument!
111
Flaps
 
Increase lift and drag.
112
Compass headings
 
360 North 90 East 180 South 270 West
113
Northwest Heading
 
Falls between 270 and 360 degrees
114
Inverse Operation
 
Subtraction & Division
115
Prime Number
 
Whole # which can be divided by itself and 1 2 3 5 7 11 13
116
Addition Answer
 
Sum
117
Subtraction Answer
 
Remainder
118
Multiply Answer
 
Product
119
Division Answer
 
Quotient
120
Factors
 
#s that can be multiplied resulting in a while number Ex: 2 X 3 = 6
121
Composit Number
 
Whole # that can be divided evenly by itself and 1 AND by at least one other whole # Ex: ...
122
Order of Operations
 
"Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally"
123
Combine Like Terms
 
2x + 4x becomes 6x
124
Convert F to C
 
C=5/9(F-32)
125
Convert C to F
 
F=9/5C+32
126
1 acre =
 
43,560 sf
127
Area of a rectangle
 
Length X Width
128
An eclipse of the sun throws the shadow of the
 
moon on the earth
129
Substances that hasten a chemical reaction without themselves undergoing change are called
 
Catalysts
130
Lack of iodine is often related to what disease
 
Goiter
131
Under natural conditions, large quan of organic matter decay therefore
 
soils maintain their fertility
132
The thin layer that forms the front of the eyeball is called the
 
Cornea
133
The most likely reason why dinosaurs became extinct was that they
 
Failed to adapt to a changing environment
134
Which of the following is a chemical change
 
Burning one pound of coal
135
A person with high blood pressure should
 
avoid salt
136
The chief nutrient in lean meat is
 
Protein
137
Spiders can be distinguished from insects by the fact that spiders have
 
four pairs of legs
138
An important ore of uranium is called
 
Pitchblende
139
Of the following the lightest element known on earth is
 
hydrogen
140
Of the following gases in the air, the most plentiful is
 
nitrogen
141
The time it takes for light from the sun to reach the earth is approximately
 
8 minutes
142
Of the following types of clouds, the ones that occur at the greatest height are
 
Cirrus
143
New drug test. Group A takes drug. Group B takes sugar pill. Group B called
 
An experimental control
144
After adding salt to water, the freezing point of the water is
 
lowered
145
Radium is stored in lead containers because
 
the lead absorbs the harmful radiation
146
The type of joint that attaches the arm to the shoulder blade is the
 
Ball and socket
147
Limes were eaten by British sailors in order to prevent
 
Scurvy
148
The time that it takes for the Earth to rotate 45 degrees is
 
3 hours
149
Of the following planets, the one that has the shortest revolutionary period around the sun...
 
Mercury
150
What is the negative particle taht circles the nucleus of the atom
 
Electron
151
In the International System of Units, a measurement for mass is a
 
kilogram
152
What is energy called that is derived from teh Earth's internal heat?
 
Geothermal
153
Compouds that include fat and oils found in foods and the human body are
 
Lipids
154
Resistance is the tendency for a material to oppose the flow of electrons and is measured in
 
OHMS
155
In order for a lunar eclipse to take place the
 
earth's axis of rotation must point toward the moon
156
A scientist who studies animals would be called a
 
zoologist
157
A group of tissues in the human body which work together is
 
Organ
158
What is an insect scientist called
 
Entomologist
159
A "dalton" is a unit of measurement for measuring
 
mass
160
The adult human of average age and size has approximately how many quarts of blood
 
6
161
The smallest of the FORMED elements of the blood are the
 
platelets
162
Polaris is
 
North Star
163
A fish breathes with
 
Gills
164
The type of element an atom is is determined by
 
the number of protons
165
Seasons are caused primarily by
 
the Earth's tilting on its axis
166
Planets in our solar system rotate
 
counter clockwise
167
A common name for sodium chloride (NaCI) is
 
salt
168
Animals that eat plants AND other animals are called
 
omnivores
169
Which planet in the solar system has the least surface gravity
 
Pluto
170
How many legs does an arachnid have
 
8
171
A herpetologist would be primarily concerned with the study of
 
retiles
172
Excepting the three tiny bones in each ear, how many bones are there in a normal adult skeleton
 
200
173
An elephant can not
 
jump
174
Blood is returned to the heart through tubes called
 
veins
175
What kind of bird can build a nest which weighs more than a ton
 
Bald eagle
176
Paleontologist studies
 
Dinasours
177
Which panet in our solar system hast he shortest year
 
Mercury
178
Chloroplasts are found in which type of cells
 
Plant Cells
179
Your forearm contains two bones. The ulna and
 
Radius
180
Which planet in our solar system has the longest day
 
Venus
181
Which of the Earth's NATURAL elements has the highest atomic number
 
Uranium
182
The lowest or most narrow level of the classification of organisms is called
 
Species
183
Water freezes at what temperature
 
0 degrees C
184
WIs burning charcoal in your BBQ a chemical reaction
 
yes
185
Where are electrons found in an atom
 
in orbital layers around the nucleus
186
H2O is the chemical formula for
 
water and ice
187
What percentage of elements are metals
 
75%
188
How many meters are there in one kilometer
 
1,000
189
An oxide is formed when an element is chemically combined with what type of specific element
 
Oxygen
190
A very strong acid would have a pH closer to
 
1
191
Carbon has an atomic number of 6. How many protons would the element contain?
 
6
192
Elements with the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons are called
 
isotopes
193
What percentage of the worlds population lives in the United States?
 
6 percent
194
Which is the deepest ocean
 
Pacific Ocean
195
Which of the planets in our solar system has the most known moons
 
Jupiter
196
What does the color of a start signify
 
surface temperature
197
What planet does the moon named Io orbit
 
Jupiter
198
Cloroplasts
 
help plant cells turn sunlight into energy for the plant
199
Lanthanum
 
has a higher atomic number than uranium but is not a NATURAL element
200
Nitrogen
 
Makes up 78% of the gases in the air
201
Jupiter
 
Has 60 known moons
202
Pacific Ocean
 
averages about 4,000 meters deep
203
Star color
 
Blue stars are hotter than red stars
204
Pentagon
 
5 sided polygon
205
Hexagon
 
6 sided polygon
206
Octagon
 
8 sided polygon
207
Decagon
 
10 sided polygon
208
Triangle
 
3 sided polygon
209
Quadrilateral
 
4 sided polygon
210
Polygon
 
closed-in shape, made up of 3 or more straight lines.
211
Equilateral Triangle
 
All 3 sides are equal, the angles of all 3 sides are 60 degrees each
212
Isosceles Triangle
 
2 sides have equal length, and whose opposing sides haev equal angles
213
Scalene Triangle
 
A triangle all 3 sides and all 3 angles are unequal
214
Acute Triangle
 
All 3 angles are less than 90 degrees
215
Obtuse Triangle
 
1 angle is greater than 90 degrees
216
Right Triangle
 
Triangle with a 90 degree right angle.
217
Hypotenuse
 
Longest side of a right triangle. Other sides are called LEGS
218
Concurrent Triangles
 
Triangles which are identical.
219
Similar Triangles
 
Triangles same shape but not same size.
220
Special Lines
 
Indicate altitudes, medians and angle bisections (dashed line you create solving problem)
221
Quadrilateral
 
Polygon with 4 sides. Sum always measures 360 degrees.
222
Parallelogram
 
Quadrilateral whose opposing sides are parallel to each other. Opposite sides are also equal.
223
Rectangle
 
All angles are 90 degrees.
224
Square
 
All four sides are equal in length
225
Rhombus
 
All four sides equal but 2 are slanted
226
Trapezoid
 
two sides parallel but two are not
227
Circle
 
360 degrees Circumfrance is the length around
228
Diameter
 
line going across the circle, 1/2 circle
229
Radius
 
1/4 circle, 1/2 diameter
230
Perimeter
 
Sum of the length of all sides
231
Pythagorean Theorem
 
hypotenuse (long line) equal to sum of the square of the legs c2=a2+b2
232
Diameter of Circle
 
pi (3.14 or 22/7 or 3 1/7)
233
Circumference of Circle
 
pi X diameter or pi X radius X2
234
Area of Rectangle or Square
 
Length X Width
235
Area of Parallelogram
 
Base X Height
236
Area of Triangle
 
1/2 base length X Height
237
Area of Circle
 
pi X radius squared
238
Volume
 
inside of 3 dimensional objects (instead of area on flat objects)
239
Rectangle Volume
 
L X W X H
240
Cube/Square Volume
 
1 side cubed (s3)
241
Cylinder Volume
 
Base X Height Find base using area of circle pi X radius squared, then multiply by height
242
In chemistry, what are alpha particles
 
helium nuclei
243
A dalton is a unit of measure for
 
mass
244
The adult human of average age and size has approximately how many quarts of blood
 
6
245
The smallest of the FORMED elements of the blood are the
 
platelets
246
Polaris is
 
North Star
247
The lightest element found on Earth is
 
hydrogen
248
A fish breathes with
 
gills
249
The time it takes for light from the sun to reach the earth is approx.
 
8 minutes
250
The type of element an atom is determined by is
 
number of protons
251
Seasons are caused primarily by
 
Earth's tilting on its axis
252
Planets in our solar system rotate
 
counterclockwise
253
Which planet has the shortest revolutionary period around the sun
 
Mercury
254
The Baume scale is used to measure
 
specific gravity
255
The Antoine equation is used to
 
estimate the vapor pressures of pure liquids or solids
256
Surplus red blood cells are stored in what organ
 
Spleen
257
What region of brain influences body temp, metabolism etc
 
hypothalamus
258
What causes the stars to twinkle
 
turbulent air
259
Electrons which move thru an electric circuit as current have a
 
negative charge
260
Fire is a form of
 
energy
261
Rust is caused by a chemical reactino known as
 
oxidation
262
When heat is transferred through a solid the process is called
 
conduction
263
The time it takes the earth to rotate 45 degrees is
 
3 hours
264
At higher altitudes, water boils
 
at a lower temperature
265
What is the name fo the negative particle which circles the nucleus of the atom
 
electron
266
When entering a climb from level flight, the weight of the acft
 
results in increased drag
267
Turbulence is caused by
 
convective air currents, obstructions to wind flow, wind shear
268
A minimally safe airspeed descent is principally used
 
when clearing obstacles during landing
269
When in the down (extended) position, wing-flaps provide
 
greater lift and more drag
270
An aircraft must travel __________ at 10,000ft than at 1,000ft
 
faster
271
Are flaps a primary flight control
 
No
272
When a flt is identified as "heavy" it means
 
more than 250,000 pounds of gross weight
273
What does the term yaw mean
 
directional turning from the tail section
274
The IFF on a military aircraft
 
indicates whether an aircraft is an enemy or ally
275
The line on an airspeed indicator to warn that operating above the indicated level is danderous...
 
red
276
When taking off into a headwind, the result will be
 
shorter takeoff distance and increased climb angle
277
If the elevator tabs on a plane are lowered, the plane will tend to
 
nose up
278
If one end of a rwy is number 27, what will the other end be
 
09
279
Flaps are generally used
 
during takeoff and landing
280
Air moving over the wing
 
moves faster than the air moving under the wing
281
What is the standard wight for gasoline in the acft
 
6lbs/gal
282
Area of Rectangle
 
Length x Width
283
Area of Square
 
Side Squared
284
Volume of Rectangle
 
Length x Height x Width
285
Volume of Cube
 
Side Cubed
286
1 Acre =
 
43,560sf

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel