AP Human Geography Key Terms Str-Zo

AP Human Geography Key Terms Str-Zo
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economic policies imposed on LDCs by international agencies to create conditions encouraging international trade
structural adjustment program
agriculture designed primarily to provide food for direct consumption by the farmer and the farmer's family
subsistence agriculture
farming methods that preserve longterm productivity of land and minimize pollution
sustainable agriculture
the level of development that can be maintained in a country w/o overly depleting resources
sustainable development
a patch of land cleared for planting through slashing and burning
a restriction on behavior imposed by social customs
the portion of the economy concerned with transportation, communications, and utilities
tertiary sector
a fabric made by weaving, used in making clothing
to beat out grain from stalks by trampling it
the minimum number of ppl needed to support the service
the name given to a portion of Earth's surface
the avg. # of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years
total fertility rate (TFR)
a square 6 mi long on a side; the Land Ordiance divided much of the U.S. into a series of these
a group of neighboring countries that promote trade with each other and erect barriers to limit trade with other blocs
trading bloc
the seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures
a company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries
transnational corporation
services that diffuse and distribute services
transportation and information services
a practice where European ships transported slaves from Africa to the Caribbean, molasses to Europe, and trade goods to Africa
triangular slave trade
commercial gardening and fruit farming
truck farming
a group in society prevented from participating in the material benefits of a more developed society because of variety of social/economic characteristics
people who enter a country w/o proper documents
undocumented immigrants
the increasing gap in economic conditions between core and peripheral regions as a result of the globalization of the economy
uneven development
an internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials
unitary state
a religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location
universalizing religion
program in which cities identify blighted inner-city neighborhoods and turn the land over to private developers
urban renewal
an increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements
in the U.S., a central city plus its built-up suburbs
urbanized area
the gross value of the product minus the costs of raw materials and energy
value added
reproduction of plants by direct cloning from existing plants
vegetative planting
an area that people believe to exist as part of their cultural identity
vernacular region
permanent movement undertaken by choice
voluntary migration
a form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans
Vulgar Latin
rice planted on dryland in a nursery, then moved to a flooded field to promote growth
wet rice
to remove chaff by allowing it to be blown away by the wind
wheat planted in the fall and harvested in the early summer
winter wheat
a decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the NIR equals 0
zero population growth
a law that limits the permitted uses of land and maximum density of development in a community
zoning ordinace

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