7th Grade-social Studies-chapter 3-the First Israelites


Israelites  
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belief that there is only one god
 
monotheism
being forced to leave one's homeland
 
exile
formed the basic moral laws of many nations
 
Ten commandments
Jews living outside Judah; "greek word meaning scattered"
 
Diaspora
caused Israelites to leave Canaan and go to Egypt
 
drought
warned that going to a temple was enough; all must work for a just society
 
prophets
teachings about the Torah and record of Jewish law
 
Talmud
Commemorates the cleansing of the temple by the Maccabees
 
Hanukkah
weekly day of worship and rest
 
Sabbath
first part of the hebrew bible
 
Torah
period of time when jews were sent to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar
 
Babylon Captivity
wanted Canaan for control of trade routes through it
 
Assyrians and Chaldeans
king who built the temple in Jerusalem
 
Solomon
chaldean king who captured Jerusalem and exiled 10,000 jews
 
Nebuchadnezzer
drove the philistines out of israel, and moved the capital to Jerusalem
 
David
Persian king who allowed jews to return to judah
 
cyrus
descendants of Abraham who left Mesopotamia and settled in Canaan
 
Israelites
name given to the descendants of Jacob; means "one who struggle with God"
 
Israel
present day Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan
 
Canaan
name given to Judah by Romans; refers to the philistines
 
Palestine
Jewish religous teachers
 
rabbis
raised 12 sons, who became the 12 tribes of israel.
 
Jacob
was the warrior-farmer anointed king by the prophet Samuel
 
Saul
The faith of the israelites became known as
 
Judaisum
refused to worship babylonian gods and was thrown into the lion's den
 
Daniel
the wise saying of solomon were written down and are called
 
proverbs
led the israelites out of egypt and into the Sinai Desert
 
Moses
the jews meet in _____________ on the Sabbath to pray and discuss their religion
 
synagogues
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