Unit 7 Vocabulary Definitions and Synonyms

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1. 
allay
 
(v.) to calm or pacify, set to rest; to lessen or relieve
SYNONYMS: reduce, alleviate, moderate
ANTONYMS: aggravate, exacerbate, intensify
 
2. 
bestial
 
(adj.) beastlike; beastly, brutal; subhuman in intelligence
and sensibility
SYNONYMS: animal, depraved, loathsome
ANTONYMS: human, humane, clement, virtuous, upright
 
3. 
convivial
 
(adj.) festive, sociable, having fun together, genial
SYNONYMS: fun-loving, jovial, merry
ANTONYMS: dour, grim, sullen, unsociable
 
4. 
coterie
 
(n.) a circle of acquaintances; a close-knit, often exclusive,
group of people with a common interest
SYNONYMS: clique, set
 
5. 
counterpart
 
(n.) a person or thing closely resembling or corresponding to another; a complement
SYNONYMS: match
 
6. 
demur
 
(v.) to object or take exception to; (n.) an objection
SYNONYMS: (v.) protest, object to
ANTONYMS: (v.) assent to, consent to, accept, agree to
 
7. 
effrontery
 
(n.) shameless boldness, impudence
SYNONYMS: gall, chutzpah, nerve, impertinence, cheek
ANTONYMS: shyness, diffidence timidity
 
8. 
embellish
 
(v.) to decorate, adorn, touch up; to improve by adding details
SYNONYMS: ornament, garnish
ANTONYMS: strip, mar, disfigure
 
9. 
ephemeral
 
(adj.) lasting only a short time, short-lived
SYNONYMS: fleeting, transient, evanescent, transitory
ANTONYMS: durable, long-lasting, permanent, perpetual
 
10. 
felicitous
 
(adj.) appropriate, apt, well chosen; marked by well-being or good fortune, happy
SYNONYMS: fortunate, well-put
ANTONYMS: inappropriate, inept, graceless, unhappy
 
11. 
furtive
 
(adj.) done shyly or stealthily, sneaky, secret, shifty; stolen
SYNONYMS: clandestine, covert, surreptitious
ANTONYMS: forthright, aboveboard, open
 
12. 
garish
 
(adj.) glaring, tastelessly showy or overdecorated in a vulgar or offensive way
SYNONYMS: gaudy, flashy, tawdry
ANTONYMS: subdued, muted, understated, quiet
 
13. 
illusory
 
(adj.) misleading, deceptive; lacking in or not based on reality
SYNONYMS: specious, spurious, fanciful, imaginary
ANTONYMS: actual, real, factual, objective
 
14. 
indigent
 
(adj.) needy, impoverished
SYNONYMS: penniless, poverty-stricken, destitute
ANTONYMS: wealthy, affluent, prosperous
 
15. 
inordinate
 
(adj.) far too great, exceeding reasonable limits, excessive
SYNONYMS: exorbitant, extravagant
ANTONYMS: moderate, reasonable, equitable
 
16. 
jettison
 
(v.) to cast overboard, get rid of as unnecessary or burdensome
SYNONYMS: cast off, discard, dump, junk, abandon
ANTONYMS: conserve, retain, hold on to, keep
 
17. 
misanthrope
 
(n.) a person who hates or despises people
SYNONYMS: people-hater
 
18. 
pertinacious
 
(adj.) very persistent; holding firmly to a course of action or a set of beliefs; hard to get rid of, refusing to be put off or denied
SYNONYMS: stubborn, dogged, determined

 
19. 
picayune
 
(adj.) of little value or importance, paltry, measly; concerned with trifling matters, small-minded
SYNONYMS: inconsequential, piddling, trifling
ANTONYMS: important, significant, huge, gigantic
 
20. 
raiment
 
(n.) clothing, garments
SYNONYMS: apparel, attire