Speech Test 1

Total Flash Cards » 56
 
1. 

global plagiarism

 

stealing a speech entirely from a single source and passing it off as one's own

 
2. 

patchwork plagiarism

 

stealing ideas or language from 2 or 3 sources and passing as one's own

 
3. 

incremental plagiarism

 

failing to give credit for particular parts of a speech that are borrow from other people

 
4. 

frame of reference

 

the sum of a person's knowledge, experience, goals, values, and attitudes. no two people can have exactly the same frame of reference

 
5. 

audience centeredness

 

keeping the audience foremost in mind at every step of speech preparation and presentation

 
6. 

identification

 

a process in which speakers seek to create a bond with the audience by emphasizing common values, goals, and experiences

 
7. 

situational audience analysis

 

audience analysis that focuses on situational factors such as the size of the audience, physical setting for the speech, & disposition of the audience toward the topic, the speaker and occasion

 
8. 

spare brain time

 

difference between rate at which at most people talk (120-150 words per min) and that rate at which the brain can process language (400-800 words/min)

 
9. 

comprehensive listening

 

listening to understand i.e. classroom lecture

 
10. 

empathic listening

 

listening to provide emotionaly support for speaker i.e. friend in distress

 
11. 

critical listening

 

listening to message to support or reject

 
12. 

appreciative listening

 

listening for pleasure i.e. music

 
13. 

attitude

 

a frame mind in favor of or opposed to a person, policy, belief, institution, etc

 
14. 

fixed-alternative questions

 

questions that offer a fixed choice between two or more alternatives i.e. yes, no, unsure

 
15. 

scale questions

 

questions that require responses at fixed intervals along a scale of answers. very seldom --> very often

 
16. 

open-ended questions

 

allo respondents to answer however they want

 
17. 

catalogue

 

a list of all books, periodicals, and other resources owned by the library

 
18. 

periodical databases

 

allow you to locate magazine or journal articles

 
19. 

abstract

 

a summary of a magazine or journal article, written by someone other than the original author

 
20. 

reference works

 

a work that synthesizes a large amount of related info for easy access by researches i.e. encyclopedias, yearbooks, quotation books, and bio aids

 
21. 

general encyclopedia

 

all branches of human knowledge

 
22. 

special encyclopedia

 

a comprehensive reference work devoted to a specific subject such as religion, art, law, science, music, etc

 
23. 

yearbook

 

published annually that contains infor about the previous year

 
24. 

biographical aid

 

info about people

 
25. 

virtual library

 

search engine that combines internet with traditional library methods of cataloguing and assessing data

 
26. 

sponsoring organization

 

an organization that in the absence of clearly identified author, is responsible for the content of a document on the internet

 
27. 

supporting materials

 

materials used to support a speaker's ideas.
examples, statistics, and testimony

 
28. 

testimony

 

quotations or paraphrases use to support a point. i.e. infomericials

 
29. 

expert testimony

 

testimony from people who are recognized experts in their fields

 
30. 

peer testimony

 

testimony from ordinary people with firsthand experience on the topic

 
31. 

spatial order

 

a method of speech organization in which the main points follow a directional pattern. top to bottom, left to right, front to back

 
32. 

causal order

 

a method of speech organization in which the main points show a cuase-effect relationship

 
33. 

problem solution order

 

1st main point deals with the problem and the 2nd main point presents a solution to the problem

 
34. 

topical order

 

divide topics into logical and consistent subtopics

 
35. 

connective

 

word or phrase that connects the ideas of a speech and indicates the relationship between them

 
36. 

internal preview

 

a statement in body of the speech that lets the audience know what the speaker is going to discuss next

 
37. 

internal summary

 

a statement in the body of the speech that summarizes the speaker's preceding point or points

 
38. 

signpost

 

a very brief statement that indicates whare a speaker is in the speech or that focuses attention on key ideas. first cause, second, third

 
39. 

crescendo ending

 

a conclusion in which the speech builds to a zenith of power and intensity

 
40. 

dissolve ending

 

a conclusion tht generates emotional appeal by fading step by step to a dramatic final statement

 
41. 

preparation outline

 

title, specific purpose, central idea, introduction, main points, subpoints, connectives, conclusion, and bibliography

 
42. 

visual framework

 

pattern of symbolization and indentation in a speech outline that shows the relationships among the speaker's ideas.

 
43. 

speaking outline

 

a brief outline used to job the speaker's memory during the presentation of a speech

 
44. 

denotative meaning

 

the literal or dictionary meaning of a word or phrase

 
45. 

connotative meaning

 

the meaning suggested by the associations or emotions triggered by a word or phrase i.e. school (emotions, personal growth, childhood friends, discipline, hw)

 
46. 

concrete words

 

words that refer to tangible objects

 
47. 

abstract words

 

words that refer to ideas or concepts

 
48. 

clutter

 

discourse that takes many more words than are necessary to express an idea

 
49. 

imagery

 

the use of vivid language to create mental images of objects, actions, or ideas

 
50. 

parallelism

 

the similar arragnement of a pair or series of related words, phrases, or sentences

 
51. 

antithesis

 

the justaposition of contrasting idease, usually in parallel structure. i.e. ask not what your country can do for you ask what you can do for your country

 
52. 

manuscript speech

 

read word for word

 
53. 

impromptu speech

 

a speech delivered with little or no immediate preparation

 
54. 

extemperous speech

 

a carefully prepared and rehearsed speech that is presented from a brief set of notes

 
55. 

vocalized pause

 

a pause that occurs when a speaker fills the silence between words with "uh" "er" and "um"

 
56. 

kinesics

 

the study of body motions as a systematic mode of communication