Sociology set 2

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1. 

. An example of forced assimilation a century ago was the government policy of:

· Opposing all forms of discrimination

· Limiting immigration

· Allowing black and white children to attend different schools

· Taking American Indian children from the families and putting them in schools to learn English

 
Taking American Indian children from the families and putting them in schools to learn English

 
2. 

. Which of the following concepts refers to a rigid and irrational generalization about an entire category of people?

· Scapegoating

· Racism

· Prejudice

· Discrimination

 
· Prejudice
 
3. 

3. Native Americans gained the right to US citizenship in:

· 1865

· 1924

· 1965

· 1990

 
· 1924
 
4. 

4. Recent research on social distance among US college students shows that:

· There is a trend toward greater acceptance of minorities

· People see less difference among various minorities

· The 9/11 attacks may have increased prejudice towards Arabs and Muslims

· All of the above

 

· All of the above

 
5. 

6. Douglas Massey and Nancy Denton studied racial segregation in U.S. cities and documented which of the following patterns?

· Hypersegregation

· De facto segregation

· De jure segregation

· Declining segregation

 
Hypersegregation
 
6. 

7. What share of the richest people in the United States gained their fortunes mostly from inheritance?

· 1/100

· 1/10

· 1/3

· 9/10

 
· 1/3
 
7. 

The “feminization of poverty” refers to a trend in the US, by which:

· More and more women are becoming poor

· Women have fewer economic opportunities

· A larger share of the poor are now women

· Fewer women are working for income

 
A larger share of the poor are now women
 
8. 

9. Most estimates suggest that about __________ people in the United States are homeless for some time during a given year.

· 100,000

· 250,000

· 1 million

· 3 million

 

· 3 million

 
9. 

10. As of 2006 in the United States, about what share of adults over the age of twenty-five were college graduates?

· 8%

· 28%

· 48%

· 68%

 

· 28%

 
10. 

11. In which of the following regions is the poverty rate highest?

· Suburbs

· Central cities

· Rural areas

· All have the same poverty rate

 
Central cities
 
11. 

12. In 2006, about what share of the heads of poor households in the United States worked full-time for the entire year and yet were below the poverty line?

· 1%

· 18%

· 38%

· 58%

 

· 18%

 
12. 

13. According to class-society theory, modern individuals face the major problem of:

· Anomie

· Powerlessness

· Find a “true-self”

· All of the above

 
· Find a “true-self”
 
13. 

14. Peter Berger describes modernization as ALL BUT WHICH of the following?

· Spread of many small, traditional communities

· The expansion of personal choice

· Increasing social diversity

· A future orientation and growing awareness of time

 
Spread of many small, traditional communities
 
14. 

15. Resource mobilization theory states that social movements will involve people who:

· Feel adrift in society

· Have sufficient resources to launch and sustain them

· Feel they lack things that others appear to have

· Mobilize around cultural symbols

 
Have sufficient resources to launch and sustain them
 
15. 

16. The concept "cultural lag" refers to the fact that:

· Time often seems to stand still

· Material culture usually changes faster than nonmaterial culture

· Some societies do not change as fast as others

· Most change involves returning to earlier patterns

 
Material culture usually changes faster than nonmaterial culture
 
16. 

. In the opinion of Herbert Marcuse, science:

· Is the key to modern societies being rich

· Is not new to modern societies, having existed for centuries

· Causes more problems than it solves

· Is only one dimension of “rationality”

 
Causes more problems than it solves
 
17. 

. Most gender-related violence occurs:

· In the work place

· in the home

· In public places

· On college campuses

 
· in the home
 
18. 

. Which of the following statements about women in the U.S. labor force is correct?

· Women now own more than 6.5 million US businesses, 28 percent of the total

· Women are excluded from most “pink-collar” work

· Women are now most of the country’s college faculty

· Women are now a majority of corporate executives

 
Women now own more than 6.5 million US businesses, 28 percent of the total
 
19. 

. Which of the following concepts refers to social organization in which males dominate females?

· Patriarchy

· Matriarchy

· Monarchy

· Gerontoarchy

 

· Patriarchy

 
20. 

22. Which factor accounts for the largest share of difference in the earnings of working women and men in the United States?

· Difference in education

· Difference in family responsibilities

· Gender discrimination in pay for the same work

· Differences in the type of work men and women do

 
Differences in the type of work men and women do
 
21. 

Looking back over U.S. history, we see a general trend by which women:

· Have gained both power and economic opportunities

· Have made few if any strides towards equality with men

· Are steadily losing ground and becoming less equal with men

· Have kept their position of dominance over men

 
Have gained both power and economic opportunities
 
22. 

24. Which of the following concepts refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?

· Primary sex characteristics

· Sexual orientation

· Gender roles

· Secondary sex characteristics

 
Gender roles
 
23. 

25. The text explains that slaver:

· No longer exists

· Is found today in a number of low-income nations in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa

· Is found in every country of the world

· All of the above

 
Is found today in a number of low-income nations in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa
 
24. 

26. The concept "colonialism" refers to the process by which:

· rich nations share advanced technology with poor countries.

· some nations enrich themselves through political and economic control of other nation

· poor nations rebel against control by other poor nations.

· immigration helps to spark economic development.

 
some nations enrich themselves through political and economic control of other nation
 
25. 

27. Which of the following statements is an example of "neocolonialism?"

· a country gains new colonies to replace older ones

· a country grants independence to a former colony

· multinational corporations dominate the economy of a poor country

· large companies operate in many countries at one time

 
multinational corporations dominate the economy of a poor country
 
26. 

28. According to dependency theory, poor countries have become dependent on rich nations because:

· they sell raw materials for low prices to rich nations

· rich countries bring tourism dollars to poor countries

· rich nations buy manufactured goods from poor countries

· all of the above

 
they sell raw materials for low prices to rich nations
 
27. 

29. Dependency theory claims that poor nations:

· are responsible for their own poverty

· were “underdeveloped” by colonialism

· suffer from traditional culture

· suffer from a “technology gap”

 
were “underdeveloped” by colonialism
 
28. 

30. In 2008, any one the richest three people in the world had more wealth than the world's:

· 47 biggest banks

· 47 largest corporations

· 47 poorest countries

· None of the above

 
47 poorest countries