Sociology Set 2

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. An example of forced assimilation a century ago was the government policy of: · Opposing all forms of discrimination · Limiting immigration · Allowing black and white children to attend different schools · Taking American Indian children from the families and putting them in schools to learn English Taking American Indian children from the families and putting them in schools to learn English
. Which of the following concepts refers to a rigid and irrational generalization about an entire category of people? · Scapegoating · Racism · Prejudice · Discrimination · Prejudice
3. Native Americans gained the right to US citizenship in: · 1865 · 1924 · 1965 · 1990 · 1924
4. Recent research on social distance among US college students shows that: · There is a trend toward greater acceptance of minorities · People see less difference among various minorities · The 9/11 attacks may have increased prejudice towards Arabs and Muslims · All of the above · All of the above
6. Douglas Massey and Nancy Denton studied racial segregation in U.S. cities and documented which of the following patterns? · Hypersegregation · De facto segregation · De jure segregation · Declining segregation Hypersegregation
7. What share of the richest people in the United States gained their fortunes mostly from inheritance? · 1/100 · 1/10 · 1/3 · 9/10 · 1/3
The “feminization of poverty” refers to a trend in the US, by which: · More and more women are becoming poor · Women have fewer economic opportunities · A larger share of the poor are now women · Fewer women are working for income A larger share of the poor are now women
9. Most estimates suggest that about __________ people in the United States are homeless for some time during a given year. · 100,000 · 250,000 · 1 million · 3 million · 3 million
10. As of 2006 in the United States, about what share of adults over the age of twenty-five were college graduates? · 8% · 28% · 48% · 68% · 28%
11. In which of the following regions is the poverty rate highest? · Suburbs · Central cities · Rural areas · All have the same poverty rate Central cities
12. In 2006, about what share of the heads of poor households in the United States worked full-time for the entire year and yet were below the poverty line? · 1% · 18% · 38% · 58% · 18%
13. According to class-society theory, modern individuals face the major problem of: · Anomie · Powerlessness · Find a “true-self” · All of the above · Find a “true-self”
14. Peter Berger describes modernization as ALL BUT WHICH of the following? · Spread of many small, traditional communities · The expansion of personal choice · Increasing social diversity · A future orientation and growing awareness of time Spread of many small, traditional communities
15. Resource mobilization theory states that social movements will involve people who: · Feel adrift in society · Have sufficient resources to launch and sustain them · Feel they lack things that others appear to have · Mobilize around cultural symbols Have sufficient resources to launch and sustain them
16. The concept "cultural lag" refers to the fact that: · Time often seems to stand still · Material culture usually changes faster than nonmaterial culture · Some societies do not change as fast as others · Most change involves returning to earlier patterns Material culture usually changes faster than nonmaterial culture
. In the opinion of Herbert Marcuse, science: · Is the key to modern societies being rich · Is not new to modern societies, having existed for centuries · Causes more problems than it solves · Is only one dimension of “rationality” Causes more problems than it solves
. Most gender-related violence occurs: · In the work place · in the home · In public places · On college campuses · in the home
. Which of the following statements about women in the U.S. labor force is correct? · Women now own more than 6.5 million US businesses, 28 percent of the total · Women are excluded from most “pink-collar” work · Women are now most of the country’s college faculty · Women are now a majority of corporate executives Women now own more than 6.5 million US businesses, 28 percent of the total
. Which of the following concepts refers to social organization in which males dominate females? · Patriarchy · Matriarchy · Monarchy · Gerontoarchy · Patriarchy
22. Which factor accounts for the largest share of difference in the earnings of working women and men in the United States? · Difference in education · Difference in family responsibilities · Gender discrimination in pay for the same work · Differences in the type of work men and women do Differences in the type of work men and women do
Looking back over U.S. history, we see a general trend by which women: · Have gained both power and economic opportunities · Have made few if any strides towards equality with men · Are steadily losing ground and becoming less equal with men · Have kept their position of dominance over men Have gained both power and economic opportunities
24. Which of the following concepts refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex? · Primary sex characteristics · Sexual orientation · Gender roles · Secondary sex characteristics Gender roles
25. The text explains that slaver: · No longer exists · Is found today in a number of low-income nations in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa · Is found in every country of the world · All of the above Is found today in a number of low-income nations in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa
26. The concept "colonialism" refers to the process by which: · rich nations share advanced technology with poor countries. · some nations enrich themselves through political and economic control of other nation · poor nations rebel against control by other poor nations. · immigration helps to spark economic development. some nations enrich themselves through political and economic control of other nation
27. Which of the following statements is an example of "neocolonialism?" · a country gains new colonies to replace older ones · a country grants independence to a former colony · multinational corporations dominate the economy of a poor country · large companies operate in many countries at one time multinational corporations dominate the economy of a poor country
28. According to dependency theory, poor countries have become dependent on rich nations because: · they sell raw materials for low prices to rich nations · rich countries bring tourism dollars to poor countries · rich nations buy manufactured goods from poor countries · all of the above they sell raw materials for low prices to rich nations
29. Dependency theory claims that poor nations: · are responsible for their own poverty · were “underdeveloped” by colonialism · suffer from traditional culture · suffer from a “technology gap” were “underdeveloped” by colonialism
30. In 2008, any one the richest three people in the world had more wealth than the world's: · 47 biggest banks · 47 largest corporations · 47 poorest countries · None of the above 47 poorest countries