Socials 11 Chapter 9: The Structure of Canada's Government

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1. 
Democracy
 
Rule by the people.
 
2. 
Direct Democracy
 
In the Greek city states, every eligible citizen participated directly by voting in all the decisions that affected society.
 
3. 
Representative Democracies
 
Canada allow elected representatives to make decisions on their behalf.
 
4. 
Constitutional monarchy
 
The recognition of a monarch (king or queen) as head of state.
 
5. 
Executive power
 
The power to make decisions and administer them (through the civil service). For example, at the municipal level, governments may inspect business and restaurants. At the provincial level, governments decide on the number of examination high school students must write. At the federal level, the government may decide to purchase helicopter for national defense.
 
6. 
Legislative power
 
The power to make laws.
 
7. 
Judicial power
 
The Power to interpret and administer the law.
 
8. 
Patronage
 
Patronage is the support, encouragement, privilege, or financial aid that an organization or individual bestows to another.
 
9. 
Cabinet
 
Made up of elected part members chosen by the prime minister. Usually, the prime minister designates each member of the Cabinet as a minister responsible for a particular government department, such as defense or finance, or as a more junior secretary of state.
 
10. 
Cabinet solidarity
 
Cabinet members must display full support for their leader and decisions of the government.
 
11. 
Residual powers
 
The Fathers of Confederation assigned all new areas of decision making that did not yet exist or were not listed in 1867 to the federal government