Socials 11 Chapter 9: The Structure of Canada's Government

Total Flash Cards » 11
 
1. 

Democracy

 

Rule by the people.

 
2. 

Direct Democracy

 

In the Greek city states, every eligible citizen participated directly by voting in all the decisions that affected society.

 
3. 

Representative Democracies

 

Canada allow elected representatives to make decisions on their behalf.

 
4. 

Constitutional monarchy

 

The recognition of a monarch (king or queen) as head of state.

 
5. 

Executive power

 

The power to make decisions and administer them (through the civil service). For example, at the municipal level, governments may inspect business and restaurants. At the provincial level, governments decide on the number of examination high school students must write. At the federal level, the government may decide to purchase helicopter for national defense.

 
6. 

Legislative power

 

The power to make laws.

 
7. 

Judicial power

 

The Power to interpret and administer the law.

 
8. 

Patronage

 

Patronage is the support, encouragement, privilege, or financial aid that an organization or individual bestows to another.

 
9. 

Cabinet

 

Made up of elected part members chosen by the prime minister. Usually, the prime minister designates each member of the Cabinet as a minister responsible for a particular government department, such as defense or finance, or as a more junior secretary of state.

 
10. 

Cabinet solidarity

 

Cabinet members must display full support for their leader and decisions of the government.

 
11. 

Residual powers

 

The Fathers of Confederation assigned all new areas of decision making that did not yet exist or were not listed in 1867 to the federal government