Social Psychology

Total Flash Cards » 31
 
1. 

The United States constitutes ____% of the world's population and consumes ____% of the world's energy.

 

5; 26

 
2. 

Jane has just received a 5% increase in her salary. However, after learning that her coworkers have received 10% increases, Jane becomes upset with her employer and dissatisfied with her raise. We can understand Jane's feeling in terms of _______.

 

relative deprivation

 
3. 

A prosecuting attorney is uncertain whether her eyewitness will seem credible to the jury. They eyewitness's testimony could help win a conviction, but the witness might be discredited by the defense attorney. What advice should the prosecutor accept?

 

Put the eyewitness on the stand.

 
4. 

Wells and his colleagues reported that it is the ______ eyewitnesses whom jurors find to be most believable.

 

confident

 
5. 

After hearing a report falsely indicating that drugs may have contributed to a recent accident, several eyewitnesses of the accident begin to remember the driver driving faster than was actually the case. This provides an example of the _____________.

 

misinformation effect

 
6. 

In order to promote accurate recall, the "cognitive interview" procedure for questioning eyewitnesses begins with _____________.

 

guiding witnesses to visualize the scene

 
7. 

Which of the following factors have been shown to influence either the likelihood of conviction or the severity of punishment?

 

Both attractiveness and similarity to the jurors; more attractive get lesser punishments, the more similar to the jurors, the less likely to be sentenced.

 
8. 

To minimize the effects of inadmissible testimony, Myers suggests that judges are best advised to _______.

 

videotape the testimony and cut out the inadmissible parts.

 
9. 

Death qualified jurors are ______ likely to convict in criminal cases.

 

more

 
10. 

After arguing with her boyfriend over the telephone, Roberta smashes down the receiver and then throws the phone across the room. This behavior most clearly demonstrates _____.

 

displacement

 
11. 

According to Berkowitz, the frustration-aggression relationship is mediated by the role of __________.

 

anger

 
12. 

According to Albert Bandura, an important influence on one's tendency to be aggressive is __________.

 

observations of others' behaviors

 
13. 

In the Prisoner's dilemma, if both prisoners confess, each ________; if neither confesses, each __________.

 

will get a moderate sentence; will get a light sentence.

 
14. 

When individuals consume more than their share, and the cost of doing so is dispersed among all, the result is called _____.

 

the tragedy of the commons

 
15. 

Employees ask for $15/hr and management offers $12. After weeks of conflict, they agree to have a third party set the pay. The third party sets the rate at $14. This is an example of resolving conflict through ______.

 

arbitration

 
16. 

Juanita is upset with Rose, so during a social gathering she verbally cuts Rose down in front of others. Juanita's behavior is _______.

 

aggressive

 
17. 

Most terrorism is considered _______ aggression.

 

instrumental

 
18. 

A study of brain activity in the prefrontal cortex of murderers found

 

less activity than normal.

 
19. 

Which statement regarding aggression is TRUE?

 

Alcohol enhances aggressiveness.

 
20. 

The redirection of aggression to a target other than the source of the frustration is referred to as ___________.

 

displacement

 
21. 

Given the review of research on heat and aggression in the text, you can conclude that the relationship between these two variables is

 

positive.

 
22. 

Groups can amplify aggressive reactions partly by

 

diffusing responsibility.

 
23. 

According to Anderson (2003), playing violent games might have a more toxic effect than watching violent television because

 

players play the role of a violent character.

 
24. 

Christina and Massimo have been saving money since they got married. Now Massimo wants to buy a new car, but Christina wants to continue saving for a new house. Massimo and Christina are experiencing _____.

 

conflict.

 
25. 

In both the Prisoner's Dilemma and the Commons Dilemma, people are tempted to explain their own behavior _______ and others' behavior _______.

 

situationally; dispositionally.

 
26. 

Studies of eyewitness testimony indicate that eyewitnesses who are shown to have poor eyesight have _______ effect on the jurors' judgment.

 

little

 
27. 

Eyewitnesses are more often _________ than ______.

 

confident; correct

 
28. 

The process of witnessing an event, receiving misleading information about it, and then incorporating the misleading information into one's memory of the event is referred to as the _______ effect.

 

misinformation

 
29. 

According to the text, a global environmental disaster is being caused by

 

both increasing population and consumption.

 
30. 

Myers reported that lottery winners typically gain _______ from their winnings.

 

a temporary jolt of joy

 
31. 

What is the frustration-aggression theory?

 

A principle in which frustration (caused by
blocking to achieve some goal) creates anger,
which can generate aggression.