Psychology Chapter 6 Practice Quiz

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1. 
TIm is studying for a test. After seven consecutive hours of studying, he finds that he can remember what he just finished studying, but he can no longer remember what he studied 5 or 6 hrs ago. TIm's memory problems are BEST explained by...
 
retroactive interference
 
2. 
A test that requires one to reproduce information in any order is a ____ test of memory.
 
free recall
 
3. 
The items on this test illustrate which method of testing memory?
 
recognition
 
4. 
The concept of a house would be stored in ____.
 
long-term memory
 
5. 
Hermann Ebbinghaus found that memory is best immediatley after we learn information, and we gradually forget more as time passes. WHat name is given to this observation?
 
curve or forgetting
 
6. 
The process of getting info our of memory is known as:
 
retrieval
 
7. 
The process of selective looking, listening, smelling and feeling is called _____.
 
attention
 
8. 
What are the components of the information processing model in order?
 
Encoding, Storage, retrieval
 
9. 
Our memories of general knowledge items such as the meanings of words or the dates of famous historical events are stored in ____
 
semantic memory
 
10. 
The state psychology association has invited teams from all the colleges in the state to compete in a Psych Bowl. The teams will answer questions such as "Who founded the first psychology laboratory?" Where is this information stored?
 
long-term memory
 
11. 
Someone a short distance away, to whom we have been paying no attention, quietly speaks your name, and suddenly you are attending to that conversation. This is a example of ___.
 
the cocktail party phenomenon
 
12. 
A recognition test requires one to:
 
pick the correct answer from among several possible ones provided
 
13. 
Semantic Memory is organized ___.
 
heirarchically
 
14. 
Information in short-term memory is retained___.
 
as long as it is rehearsed
 
15. 
One feature of the Arkinson and Shiffrin model of memory is that :
 
all information going into long-term memory must first pass through both sensory store and short-term memory
 
16. 
Students in a psychology experiment were exposed to three notes of music for a very short period of time and then asked to recall them. If the instructions to recall the notes came immediately, the students usually succeeded. If the intructions came more than three seconds after the notes were played, the students were much less successful. THe MOST plausible explanantion for this phenomenon is that, in the latter case, ______.
 
The echo faded before being stored in short-term memory.
 
17. 
Reproducing what one has learned exactly as one learned it, is required in the ___method of testing memory.
 
serial recall
 
18. 
The average memory span consists of ____ items
 
7 Seven
 
19. 
Most ppl cant store the following list of letters in short-term memory. GOTOYOURBEDROOM However if the letters are grouped into words, they fit short-term's memory span: Go to your bedroom. This illustrates ___>
 
chunking
 
20. 
Encoding is:
 
representing information
 
21. 
information in short-term memory is coded ____.
 
acoustically and visually
 
22. 
Which of the following is an example of semantic memory?
 
concepts
 
23. 
Memory span is characteristic of:
 
short-term memory
 
24. 
Flashbulb memories
 
concern events that are highly significant
 
25. 
Which statement about long-term memory is true?
 
all of the above
 
26. 
the passing of time causes forgetting according to____.
 
decay theory
 
27. 
Your tutor has "one last word" for you before she ends todays session. She tells you to study material in the middle of your study session a little harder. What concept from memory research is the basis of her advice?
 
serial position effect
 
28. 
Which type of memory is concerned with remembering the day your parents bought you a car?
 
episodic memory
 
29. 
Chunking is a meansof --->
 
organizing information into meaningful units
 
30. 
The theory that states that we forget information because other information gets in the way is the ____ theory.
 
interference
 
31. 
Sensory store memory:
 
holds information for one or two seconds
 
32. 
An individual's semantic memory contains:
 
background knowledge about words, symbols, concepts and rules arranged as hierarchies of information in categories and subordinate categories
 
33. 
information that was either unintentionally committed to or unintentionally retired from memory is known as___.
 
implicit memory
 
34. 
Retrieval cues ___.
 
are important in helping us remember items stored in long-term memory
 
35. 
Which memory system provides us with a very brief image of all the stimuli present at a particular moment?
 
sensory memory
 
36. 
The hippocampus is instrumental in:
 
transferring information from short-term to long-term memory
 
37. 
On a TV game show, Jeannette is asked to name the state capital of Vermont. This information is most likely stored in _____.
 
semantic memory
 
38. 
Long-term memory is sometimes unreliable because of ___ of information
 
reconstruction
 
39. 
Memory is classically defined as...
 
the ability to retain information over time
 
40. 
Proactive interference of long-term memory means ____
 
old material interferes with memory of new material