Psychology Chapter 14 Quiz

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1. 
Modern attempts to classify psychological disorders date back to
 
Emil Kraepelin
 
2. 
An episode of intense sadness that may last for several months is called ____
 
major depressive disorder
 
3. 
The____ approach to psychological disorders suggest that we learn abnormal behaviors just as we learn other behaviors.
 
learning
 
4. 
Disorders in which part of a person's personality is seperated from the rest and the person cannot reassble the pieces are know as ___
 
dissociative
 
5. 
During an interview, a patient says he has frequently seen a hand come out of the bathroom sink to grab a bar of soap. The psychologist who is conducting the interview most likely writes that the patients presents evidence of
 
hallucinations
 
6. 
A person who is constantly "on edge" and always apprehensive most likely suffers from
 
generalized anxiety disorder
 
7. 
Re-experiencing a traumatic even long after the event is associated with ____ disorder
 
PTSD
 
8. 
Biological theorists note that there is trong evidence that ___ play an important role in depression.
 
genetic factors
 
9. 
Excessive amounts of dopamine in the brain have been proposed as a cause of
 
schizophrenia
 
10. 
According to the cognitive model of psychological disorders, maladaptive behavior is produced by
 
irrational beliefs or attitudes
 
11. 
Tom's speech makes no sense. He acts childlike and giggles for no apparent reason. TOm would likely be diagnosed as which type of schizophrenia?
 
disorganized
 
12. 
While Sid is sitting at his desk at work an image of harming his yound son pops into his head. Each time this occurs, he touches all four corners of his desk in a particular order. Sid probably suffers from
 
obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD
 
13. 
A severe reation that takes place immediately or very soon after an extremely stressful event is know as ___
 
acute stress disorder
 
14. 
A(n) ___ is an ittational behavior disorder which you cannot control
 
compulsion
 
15. 
Learning helplessness is a possible explanation for which disorder?
 
depression
 
16. 
THe biological models holds that abnormal behavior is related to ____.
 
hereditary factors
 
17. 
Although most psychologists take into account all of the definitions of abnormal behavior, many give SPECIAL attention to whihc of the following considerations?
 
maladjustment and personal distress dimensions
 
18. 
Dave's mother suggest that he talk to a doctor because of his crippling fear of inferiority. the doctor suggest that Dave's problem stems from internal processes such as unrealistic expectancies and negative thinking. This view is typical of the ____ model of abnormaltiy.
 
cognitive
 
19. 
The belief that you are a special agent for the Intergalactic Supernova is an example of a
 
delusion
 
20. 
The ____ model asserts that cases of phobia are very likely to ocur when fear of being punished is shifted from some threatning object to some logically unrelated object.
 
psychoanalytic
 
21. 
Which of the following best describes the antisocial personality?
 
Lack of remorse or guilt
 
22. 
What are the two major categories of the the symptoms of schizophrenia?
 
negative and positive
 
23. 
The ____ approach to psychological disorders explains metal illness in much the same way that we today explain physical illnesses.
 
medical
 
24. 
Th e___ approach to explaining psychological disorders stresses that events during childhood can lead to unresolved conflicts that manifest themselves as abnormal behavior.
 
psychoanalytic
 
25. 
Your aunt prefers to stay in her home and avoid public places and social situations. She would be diagnosed with:
 
agoraphobia
 
26. 
If a person's comments and behaviors suggest that he or she might be thinking about suicide, asking direct questions about suicide:
 
should be followed by a call to a suicide prevention centers if the answers raise more concern about suicide
 
27. 
Martha vacuums the carpet in her living room 15 times a day. It is very likely that she is suffereing from which of the following disorders?
 
obsessive-compulsice
 
28. 
Disorders characterized by disturbances in a person's prolonged emotional state are know as ____ disorders.
 
mood
 
29. 
A personality disorder characterized by marked instability in self-image, mood and interpersonal relationships is ___ personality disorder.
 
borderline
 
30. 
A patient in a mental hospital exhibits disordered thinking, perceptual obnormalties, unusual emotions, and suspiciousness. This person is probably suffering from.
 
schizophrenia
 
31. 
Abnormally high energy level, distractibility, increased sex drive and positive self-image are MOST associated with which of the following disorders?
 
mania
 
32. 
Of the following, which would probide the strongest evidence for a genetic component to schizophrenia
 
a high concordance rate among identical twins raised apart
 
33. 
The learning approach to psychological disorders suggests that:
 
abnormal behavior is learned just like normal behaviors
 
34. 
Someone with "stage fright" might have a
 
social phobia
 
35. 
A person who suffers from bipolar disorder alternates between
 
depression and mania
 
36. 
An overwhelming desire to set fires is called an
 
obsession
 
37. 
Last month Pam was giddy, impusive and talkative; this month she is sad, silent and almost motionless. What is the most likely diagnosis in this case?
 
bipolar disorder
 
38. 
Thinking in a self-defeating, illogical, and unrealistic manner causes abnormal behavior, according to the ____ model.
 
cognitive
 
39. 
Whcih of the following people is most likely to commit suicide?
 
an elderly white male
 
40. 
An intense, paralyzing fear for a specific object, person, situation or thing in the absence of any real danger is a ____
 
phobic disorder