Psych - Modules 17-22

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1. Normal visual sensation in the absence of complete visual perception is best illustrated by prosopagnosia.
2. Patients who have negative expectations about the outcome of a surgical procedure may experience increased postoperative pain. This best illustrates the importance of sensory adaptation.
3. During a hearing test, many sounds were presented at such a low level of intensity that Mr. Antall could hardly detect them. These sounds were below Mr. Antall's absolute threshold.
4. People's response to subliminal priming indicates that they are capable of processing information without any conscious awareness of doing so.
5. Subliminally presented stimuli can sometimes be consciously perceived.
6. The constant quivering movements of our eyes enable us to minimize sensory adaptation.
7. The amount of light entering the eye is regulated by the iris
8. The direct link between a single cone and a single ________ preserves the fine details in the cone's message. bipolar cell
9. People who demonstrate blindsight have most likely suffered damage to their visual cortex.
10. When most people stare first at a blue circle and then shift their eyes to a white surface, the afterimage of the circle appears yellow.
11. Although a few keys on the piano were broken, Shana mentally filled in the missing notes of the familiar melodies. This best illustrates the principle of closure.
12. If you stared at a house as you walked down a street, the trees in front of the house would appear to be moving in the opposite direction as you, and the trees behind the house would appear to be moving in the same direction as you.
13. Brightness constancy is most clearly facilitated by relative luminance.
14. Knowing about the effects of the perceived distance of objects on their perceived size helps us to understand the Moon illusion.
15. The process of transducing air pressure waves into neural messages that the brain interprets as meaningful sound is known as audition
16. According to place theory, the perception of high-pitched sounds is associated with large vibrations of the basilar membrane closest to the oval window.
17. A time lag between left and right auditory stimulation is important for accurately locating sounds.
18. The biopsychosocial approach to pain is likely to emphasize the importance of both top-down and bottom-up processing.
19. Sense perception cells that project antennalike hairs are located within taste buds.
20. Which of the following play the biggest role in our feeling dizzy and unbalanced after a thrilling roller coaster ride? semicircular canals
21. Pleasant memories are most likely to be evoked by exposure to fragrant odors.
22. The semicircular canals are most directly relevant to the vestibular sense.
23. Parapsychology refers to the study of phenomena such as ESP and psychokinesis.
24. The existence of convincing scientific evidence that ESP is possible would pose the greatest challenge to the contemporary scientific understanding of human nature.
25. The greatest difficulty facing contemporary parapsychology is the lack of a reproducible ESP phenomenon.