Psy 220 FLASH CARDS

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1. 
intelligence
 
as generally defined in western cultures the ability to learn think logically about abstract concepts and adapt to the environment.
 
2. 
psychometric approach
 
the attempt to quantify peoples psychological skills and abilities usually by means of paper and pencil test and or physical measurements
 
3. 
spearman's two factors theory of intelligence
 
a theory of intelligence developed by Charles spearmans that emphasized general(G) intelligence and specific (s) intelligence
 
4. 
general intelligence(G)
 
a broad thinking ability or mental power that underlies all intellectual task and functions.
 
5. 
specific intelligence
 
abilities people have in particular areas such as reading and spatial skills
 
6. 
fluid ability
 
a biologically based ability to think perceive relations among elements
 
7. 
crystallized ability
 
the body of specific knowledge and skills acquired in a particular culture
 
8. 
triarchic theory of intelligence
 
theory of intelligence emphasizing how mental processes experience and situational context relate to componential experimental and contextual sub theories
 
9. 
the 3 different approaches to theories of intelligence
 
sternbergs triarchic theory,
gardners multiple intelligence approach and the psychometric approach
 
10. 
psychometric approaches number of abilities
 
thurstone-7 mental abilities that he saw separate and distinct from (g) intelligence guilford 150 that were important cattell and horn 2 broad factors
 
11. 
psychologist Robert sternberg theory embraces
 
the information processing concept
 
12. 
sternberg 3 interrelated sub theories aka tricarchic theory of intelligence
 
contextual experamental componentail
 
13. 
"an intelligence"
 
several types bio psychological potential profile of intelligence implications of activation critics
 
14. 
what about creativity?
 
creativity is original way of thinking and problem solving
 
15. 
creativity are?
 
acts are intentional not accomplished by accident avg intelligence parents/teacher models
 
16. 
intelligence quotient
 
binet and Simon scale in 1905
compared children age norms terman intelligence quotient iq...IQ=(ma/ca)x100,100is the avg IQ
 
17. 
reliability
 
the consistency of scores when a test is repeated under the same or similar conditions
 
18. 
validity
 
the ability of a test to measure what intends to measure e.g. intelligence
 
19. 
dynamic assessment
 
a vygotskian approach which which assesses learning potential by the degree of improvement in performance after receiving instruction
 
20. 
mental retardation (mr)
 
A CONDITION THAT IS CHARICTERIZED BY BELOW NORMAL INTELLECTUAL FUNCTIONING DEFICITS IN ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR AND AN ONSET OF EARLY IN LIFE BEFORE 18
 
21. 
SUBITIZING
 
A PERCEPTUAL PROCESS BY WHICH PEOPLE QUICKLY AND EASILY DETERMINE HOW MANY OBJECTS ARE IN A SMALL SET WITHOUT ACTUALLY COUNTING THEM
 
22. 
COUNTING STRATEGIES
 
THE APPROACH TO SOLVING MATH THAT INVOLVE COUNTING OF THE QUANTITIES
 
23. 
STRATEGY CHOICE MODEL
 
THE IDEA THAT CHILDREN SOLVE MATH PROBLEMS BY CHOOSING THE FASTEST APPROACH THAT THEY CAN EXECUTE ACCURATELY
 
24. 
WORD PROBLEMS
 
VERBAL DESCRIPTIONS OF MATHEMATICAL SITUATIONS THAT CHILDREN SOLVE BY APPLYING THEIR MATH SKILLS
 
25. 
BUGS!!!!!!
 
SYSTEMATIC ERRORS IN CHILDREN PROCEDURES FOR SOLVING MATH PROBLEMS
 
26. 
PHONEMIC AWARENESS
 
THE UNDERSTANDING THAT WORDS ARE MADE UP OF SMALLER UNITS OF SOUND ALSO ASSOCIATION OF PRINTED WORDS LETTERS AND SOUND THAT GO WITH THEM
 
27. 
INVENTIVE SPELLING
 
INCORRECT SPELLING THAT CHILDREN CREATE BY SOUNDING OUT WORDS AND WRITING THE ASSOCIATED LETTERS
 
28. 
KNOWLEDGE TELLING
 
ADDING OR DUMPING AN IDEA AS THEY COME TO MIND A FAILURE TO ORGANIZE IDEAS SELECTIVITY IN WRITING
 
29. 
COMMUNICATION
DISORDER
 
IS A DISORDER WHERE A CHILD HAS A SIGNIFICANT DIFFICULTY PRODUCING SPEECH AND SOUND USING SPOKEN LANGUAGE TO COMMUNICATE OR UNDERSTANDING WHAT OTHER PEOPLE SAY
 
30. 
LEARNING DISORDER
 
CONDITIONS INVOLVING DIFFICULTIES WITH SPECIFIC SKILLS SUCH AS READING MATH OR WRITING
 
31. 
WHAT IS LANGUAGE?
 
IS AN ARBITRARY SYSTEM OF WORDS AND SYMBOLS THAT IS THE RULE GOVERNED AND ALLOWS COMMUNICATION ABOUT THINGS THAT ARE DISTANT IN THE TIME OR SPACE
 
32. 
3 KEY FEATURES OF LANGUAGE ARE?
 
SEMANTICITY -REP THOUGHTS OBJECTS EVENTS THROUGH ABSTRACT SYMBOLS
PRODUCTIVE-CREATIVE IN COMMUNICATION
DISPLACEMENT-DISTANT IN TIME AND SPACE U CAN COMMUNICATE ABOUT THINGS
 
33. 
PHONOLOGY
 
THE IMPORTANT SPEECH SOUND OF A LANGUAGE AND THE RULES FOR COMBINING BASIC SOUNDS INTO LARGER UNITS
 
34. 
MORPHOLOGY
 
THE RULES FOR COMBINING THE SMALLEST UNITS OF MEANING IN LANGUAGE INTO WORDS
 
35. 
SYNTAX
 
THE WAY LANGUAGE COMBINES WORDS TO FORM PHRASES AND SENTENCES A SYSTEM CONSISTING OF THE RULES OF GRAMMAR FOR THE LANGUAGES
 
36. 
SEMANTICS
 
THE MEANINGS ASSOCIATED WITH THE WORDS IN A LANGUAGE
 
37. 
PRAGMATICS
 
THE USE OF LANGUAGE TO EXPRESS THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS
 
38. 
LEARNING THEORY
 
THEORY THAT IS SEEN AS A SKILLED BEHAVIOR THAT CHILDREN LEARN THROUGH OPERENT CONDITIONING IMITATION AND MODELING
 
39. 
NATIVIST THEORY
 
THEORY THAT SEES HUMAN CAPABILITY THAT DEVELOPS WHEN LANGUAGE INPUT TRIGGERS A LANGUAGE ACQUISITION DEVICE (LAD) IN THE BRAIN