Psy 220 FLASH CARDS

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1. intelligence
as generally defined in western cultures the ability to learn think logically about abstract concepts and adapt to the environment.
2. psychometric approach
the attempt to quantify peoples psychological skills and abilities usually by means of paper and pencil test and or physical measurements
3. spearman's two factors theory of intelligence
a theory of intelligence developed by Charles spearmans that emphasized general(G) intelligence and specific (s) intelligence
4. general intelligence(G)
a broad thinking ability or mental power that underlies all intellectual task and functions.
5. specific intelligence
abilities people have in particular areas such as reading and spatial skills
6. fluid ability
a biologically based ability to think perceive relations among elements
7. crystallized ability
the body of specific knowledge and skills acquired in a particular culture
8. triarchic theory of intelligence
theory of intelligence emphasizing how mental processes experience and situational context relate to componential experimental and contextual sub theories
9. the 3 different approaches to theories of intelligence
sternbergs triarchic theory,
gardners multiple intelligence approach and the psychometric approach
10. psychometric approaches number of abilities
thurstone-7 mental abilities that he saw separate and distinct from (g) intelligence guilford 150 that were important cattell and horn 2 broad factors
11. psychologist Robert sternberg theory embraces
the information processing concept
12. sternberg 3 interrelated sub theories aka tricarchic theory of intelligence
contextual experamental componentail
13. "an intelligence"
several types bio psychological potential profile of intelligence implications of activation critics
14. what about creativity?
creativity is original way of thinking and problem solving
15. creativity are?
acts are intentional not accomplished by accident avg intelligence parents/teacher models
16. intelligence quotient
binet and Simon scale in 1905
compared children age norms terman intelligence quotient iq...IQ=(ma/ca)x100,100is the avg IQ
17. reliability the consistency of scores when a test is repeated under the same or similar conditions
18. validity
the ability of a test to measure what intends to measure e.g. intelligence
19. dynamic assessment
a vygotskian approach which which assesses learning potential by the degree of improvement in performance after receiving instruction
20. mental retardation (mr)
A CONDITION THAT IS CHARICTERIZED BY BELOW NORMAL INTELLECTUAL FUNCTIONING DEFICITS IN ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR AND AN ONSET OF EARLY IN LIFE BEFORE 18
21. SUBITIZING
A PERCEPTUAL PROCESS BY WHICH PEOPLE QUICKLY AND EASILY DETERMINE HOW MANY OBJECTS ARE IN A SMALL SET WITHOUT ACTUALLY COUNTING THEM
22. COUNTING STRATEGIES
THE APPROACH TO SOLVING MATH THAT INVOLVE COUNTING OF THE QUANTITIES
23. STRATEGY CHOICE MODEL
THE IDEA THAT CHILDREN SOLVE MATH PROBLEMS BY CHOOSING THE FASTEST APPROACH THAT THEY CAN EXECUTE ACCURATELY
24. WORD PROBLEMS
VERBAL DESCRIPTIONS OF MATHEMATICAL SITUATIONS THAT CHILDREN SOLVE BY APPLYING THEIR MATH SKILLS
25. BUGS!!!!!! SYSTEMATIC ERRORS IN CHILDREN PROCEDURES FOR SOLVING MATH PROBLEMS
26. PHONEMIC AWARENESS
THE UNDERSTANDING THAT WORDS ARE MADE UP OF SMALLER UNITS OF SOUND ALSO ASSOCIATION OF PRINTED WORDS LETTERS AND SOUND THAT GO WITH THEM
27. INVENTIVE SPELLING
INCORRECT SPELLING THAT CHILDREN CREATE BY SOUNDING OUT WORDS AND WRITING THE ASSOCIATED LETTERS
28. KNOWLEDGE TELLING
ADDING OR DUMPING AN IDEA AS THEY COME TO MIND A FAILURE TO ORGANIZE IDEAS SELECTIVITY IN WRITING
29. COMMUNICATION
DISORDER
IS A DISORDER WHERE A CHILD HAS A SIGNIFICANT DIFFICULTY PRODUCING SPEECH AND SOUND USING SPOKEN LANGUAGE TO COMMUNICATE OR UNDERSTANDING WHAT OTHER PEOPLE SAY
30. LEARNING DISORDER
CONDITIONS INVOLVING DIFFICULTIES WITH SPECIFIC SKILLS SUCH AS READING MATH OR WRITING
31. WHAT IS LANGUAGE?
IS AN ARBITRARY SYSTEM OF WORDS AND SYMBOLS THAT IS THE RULE GOVERNED AND ALLOWS COMMUNICATION ABOUT THINGS THAT ARE DISTANT IN THE TIME OR SPACE
32. 3 KEY FEATURES OF LANGUAGE ARE?
SEMANTICITY -REP THOUGHTS OBJECTS EVENTS THROUGH ABSTRACT SYMBOLS
PRODUCTIVE-CREATIVE IN COMMUNICATION
DISPLACEMENT-DISTANT IN TIME AND SPACE U CAN COMMUNICATE ABOUT THINGS
33. PHONOLOGY THE IMPORTANT SPEECH SOUND OF A LANGUAGE AND THE RULES FOR COMBINING BASIC SOUNDS INTO LARGER UNITS
34. MORPHOLOGY THE RULES FOR COMBINING THE SMALLEST UNITS OF MEANING IN LANGUAGE INTO WORDS
35. SYNTAX THE WAY LANGUAGE COMBINES WORDS TO FORM PHRASES AND SENTENCES A SYSTEM CONSISTING OF THE RULES OF GRAMMAR FOR THE LANGUAGES
36. SEMANTICS THE MEANINGS ASSOCIATED WITH THE WORDS IN A LANGUAGE
37. PRAGMATICS
THE USE OF LANGUAGE TO EXPRESS THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS
38. LEARNING THEORY
THEORY THAT IS SEEN AS A SKILLED BEHAVIOR THAT CHILDREN LEARN THROUGH OPERENT CONDITIONING IMITATION AND MODELING
39. NATIVIST THEORY
THEORY THAT SEES HUMAN CAPABILITY THAT DEVELOPS WHEN LANGUAGE INPUT TRIGGERS A LANGUAGE ACQUISITION DEVICE (LAD) IN THE BRAIN