Psy 220 FLASH CARDS

Total Flash Cards » 39
 
1. 

intelligence

 

as generally defined in western cultures the ability to learn think logically about abstract concepts and adapt to the environment.

 
2. 

psychometric approach

 

the attempt to quantify peoples psychological skills and abilities usually by means of paper and pencil test and or physical measurements

 
3. 

spearman's two factors theory of intelligence

 

a theory of intelligence developed by Charles spearmans that emphasized general(G) intelligence and specific (s) intelligence

 
4. 

general intelligence(G)

 

a broad thinking ability or mental power that underlies all intellectual task and functions.

 
5. 

specific intelligence

 

abilities people have in particular areas such as reading and spatial skills

 
6. 

fluid ability

 

a biologically based ability to think perceive relations among elements

 
7. 

crystallized ability

 

the body of specific knowledge and skills acquired in a particular culture

 
8. 

triarchic theory of intelligence

 

theory of intelligence emphasizing how mental processes experience and situational context relate to componential experimental and contextual sub theories

 
9. 

the 3 different approaches to theories of intelligence

 

sternbergs triarchic theory,
gardners multiple intelligence approach and the psychometric approach

 
10. 

psychometric approaches number of abilities

 

thurstone-7 mental abilities that he saw separate and distinct from (g) intelligence guilford 150 that were important cattell and horn 2 broad factors

 
11. 

psychologist Robert sternberg theory embraces

 

the information processing concept

 
12. 

sternberg 3 interrelated sub theories aka tricarchic theory of intelligence

 

contextual experamental componentail

 
13. 

"an intelligence"

 

several types bio psychological potential profile of intelligence implications of activation critics

 
14. 

what about creativity?

 

creativity is original way of thinking and problem solving

 
15. 

creativity are?

 

acts are intentional not accomplished by accident avg intelligence parents/teacher models

 
16. 

intelligence quotient

 

binet and Simon scale in 1905
compared children age norms terman intelligence quotient iq...IQ=(ma/ca)x100,100is the avg IQ

 
17. 

reliability

 

the consistency of scores when a test is repeated under the same or similar conditions

 
18. 

validity

 

the ability of a test to measure what intends to measure e.g. intelligence

 
19. 

dynamic assessment

 

a vygotskian approach which which assesses learning potential by the degree of improvement in performance after receiving instruction

 
20. 

mental retardation (mr)

 

A CONDITION THAT IS CHARICTERIZED BY BELOW NORMAL INTELLECTUAL FUNCTIONING DEFICITS IN ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR AND AN ONSET OF EARLY IN LIFE BEFORE 18

 
21. 

SUBITIZING

 

A PERCEPTUAL PROCESS BY WHICH PEOPLE QUICKLY AND EASILY DETERMINE HOW MANY OBJECTS ARE IN A SMALL SET WITHOUT ACTUALLY COUNTING THEM

 
22. 

COUNTING STRATEGIES

 

THE APPROACH TO SOLVING MATH THAT INVOLVE COUNTING OF THE QUANTITIES

 
23. 

STRATEGY CHOICE MODEL

 

THE IDEA THAT CHILDREN SOLVE MATH PROBLEMS BY CHOOSING THE FASTEST APPROACH THAT THEY CAN EXECUTE ACCURATELY

 
24. 

WORD PROBLEMS

 

VERBAL DESCRIPTIONS OF MATHEMATICAL SITUATIONS THAT CHILDREN SOLVE BY APPLYING THEIR MATH SKILLS

 
25. 

BUGS!!!!!!

 

SYSTEMATIC ERRORS IN CHILDREN PROCEDURES FOR SOLVING MATH PROBLEMS

 
26. 

PHONEMIC AWARENESS

 

THE UNDERSTANDING THAT WORDS ARE MADE UP OF SMALLER UNITS OF SOUND ALSO ASSOCIATION OF PRINTED WORDS LETTERS AND SOUND THAT GO WITH THEM

 
27. 

INVENTIVE SPELLING

 

INCORRECT SPELLING THAT CHILDREN CREATE BY SOUNDING OUT WORDS AND WRITING THE ASSOCIATED LETTERS

 
28. 

KNOWLEDGE TELLING

 

ADDING OR DUMPING AN IDEA AS THEY COME TO MIND A FAILURE TO ORGANIZE IDEAS SELECTIVITY IN WRITING

 
29. 

COMMUNICATION
DISORDER

 

IS A DISORDER WHERE A CHILD HAS A SIGNIFICANT DIFFICULTY PRODUCING SPEECH AND SOUND USING SPOKEN LANGUAGE TO COMMUNICATE OR UNDERSTANDING WHAT OTHER PEOPLE SAY

 
30. 

LEARNING DISORDER

 

CONDITIONS INVOLVING DIFFICULTIES WITH SPECIFIC SKILLS SUCH AS READING MATH OR WRITING

 
31. 

WHAT IS LANGUAGE?

 

IS AN ARBITRARY SYSTEM OF WORDS AND SYMBOLS THAT IS THE RULE GOVERNED AND ALLOWS COMMUNICATION ABOUT THINGS THAT ARE DISTANT IN THE TIME OR SPACE

 
32. 

3 KEY FEATURES OF LANGUAGE ARE?

 

SEMANTICITY -REP THOUGHTS OBJECTS EVENTS THROUGH ABSTRACT SYMBOLS
PRODUCTIVE-CREATIVE IN COMMUNICATION
DISPLACEMENT-DISTANT IN TIME AND SPACE U CAN COMMUNICATE ABOUT THINGS

 
33. 

PHONOLOGY

 

THE IMPORTANT SPEECH SOUND OF A LANGUAGE AND THE RULES FOR COMBINING BASIC SOUNDS INTO LARGER UNITS

 
34. 

MORPHOLOGY

 

THE RULES FOR COMBINING THE SMALLEST UNITS OF MEANING IN LANGUAGE INTO WORDS

 
35. 

SYNTAX

 

THE WAY LANGUAGE COMBINES WORDS TO FORM PHRASES AND SENTENCES A SYSTEM CONSISTING OF THE RULES OF GRAMMAR FOR THE LANGUAGES

 
36. 

SEMANTICS

 

THE MEANINGS ASSOCIATED WITH THE WORDS IN A LANGUAGE

 
37. 

PRAGMATICS

 

THE USE OF LANGUAGE TO EXPRESS THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS

 
38. 

LEARNING THEORY

 

THEORY THAT IS SEEN AS A SKILLED BEHAVIOR THAT CHILDREN LEARN THROUGH OPERENT CONDITIONING IMITATION AND MODELING

 
39. 

NATIVIST THEORY

 

THEORY THAT SEES HUMAN CAPABILITY THAT DEVELOPS WHEN LANGUAGE INPUT TRIGGERS A LANGUAGE ACQUISITION DEVICE (LAD) IN THE BRAIN