Psy 220 FLASH CARDS

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intelligence
as generally defined in western cultures the ability to learn think logically about abstract concepts and adapt to the environment.
psychometric approach
the attempt to quantify peoples psychological skills and abilities usually by means of paper and pencil test and or physical measurements
spearman's two factors theory of intelligence
a theory of intelligence developed by Charles spearmans that emphasized general(G) intelligence and specific (s) intelligence
general intelligence(G)
a broad thinking ability or mental power that underlies all intellectual task and functions.
specific intelligence
abilities people have in particular areas such as reading and spatial skills
fluid ability
a biologically based ability to think perceive relations among elements
crystallized ability
the body of specific knowledge and skills acquired in a particular culture
triarchic theory of intelligence
theory of intelligence emphasizing how mental processes experience and situational context relate to componential experimental and contextual sub theories
the 3 different approaches to theories of intelligence
sternbergs triarchic theory,
gardners multiple intelligence approach and the psychometric approach
psychometric approaches number of abilities
thurstone-7 mental abilities that he saw separate and distinct from (g) intelligence guilford 150 that were important cattell and horn 2 broad factors
psychologist Robert sternberg theory embraces
the information processing concept
sternberg 3 interrelated sub theories aka tricarchic theory of intelligence
contextual experamental componentail
"an intelligence"
several types bio psychological potential profile of intelligence implications of activation critics
what about creativity?
creativity is original way of thinking and problem solving
creativity are?
acts are intentional not accomplished by accident avg intelligence parents/teacher models
intelligence quotient
binet and Simon scale in 1905
compared children age norms terman intelligence quotient iq...IQ=(ma/ca)x100,100is the avg IQ
reliability the consistency of scores when a test is repeated under the same or similar conditions
validity
the ability of a test to measure what intends to measure e.g. intelligence
dynamic assessment
a vygotskian approach which which assesses learning potential by the degree of improvement in performance after receiving instruction
mental retardation (mr)
A CONDITION THAT IS CHARICTERIZED BY BELOW NORMAL INTELLECTUAL FUNCTIONING DEFICITS IN ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR AND AN ONSET OF EARLY IN LIFE BEFORE 18
SUBITIZING
A PERCEPTUAL PROCESS BY WHICH PEOPLE QUICKLY AND EASILY DETERMINE HOW MANY OBJECTS ARE IN A SMALL SET WITHOUT ACTUALLY COUNTING THEM
COUNTING STRATEGIES
THE APPROACH TO SOLVING MATH THAT INVOLVE COUNTING OF THE QUANTITIES
STRATEGY CHOICE MODEL
THE IDEA THAT CHILDREN SOLVE MATH PROBLEMS BY CHOOSING THE FASTEST APPROACH THAT THEY CAN EXECUTE ACCURATELY
WORD PROBLEMS
VERBAL DESCRIPTIONS OF MATHEMATICAL SITUATIONS THAT CHILDREN SOLVE BY APPLYING THEIR MATH SKILLS
BUGS!!!!!! SYSTEMATIC ERRORS IN CHILDREN PROCEDURES FOR SOLVING MATH PROBLEMS
PHONEMIC AWARENESS
THE UNDERSTANDING THAT WORDS ARE MADE UP OF SMALLER UNITS OF SOUND ALSO ASSOCIATION OF PRINTED WORDS LETTERS AND SOUND THAT GO WITH THEM
INVENTIVE SPELLING
INCORRECT SPELLING THAT CHILDREN CREATE BY SOUNDING OUT WORDS AND WRITING THE ASSOCIATED LETTERS
KNOWLEDGE TELLING
ADDING OR DUMPING AN IDEA AS THEY COME TO MIND A FAILURE TO ORGANIZE IDEAS SELECTIVITY IN WRITING
COMMUNICATION
DISORDER
IS A DISORDER WHERE A CHILD HAS A SIGNIFICANT DIFFICULTY PRODUCING SPEECH AND SOUND USING SPOKEN LANGUAGE TO COMMUNICATE OR UNDERSTANDING WHAT OTHER PEOPLE SAY
LEARNING DISORDER
CONDITIONS INVOLVING DIFFICULTIES WITH SPECIFIC SKILLS SUCH AS READING MATH OR WRITING
WHAT IS LANGUAGE?
IS AN ARBITRARY SYSTEM OF WORDS AND SYMBOLS THAT IS THE RULE GOVERNED AND ALLOWS COMMUNICATION ABOUT THINGS THAT ARE DISTANT IN THE TIME OR SPACE
3 KEY FEATURES OF LANGUAGE ARE?
SEMANTICITY -REP THOUGHTS OBJECTS EVENTS THROUGH ABSTRACT SYMBOLS
PRODUCTIVE-CREATIVE IN COMMUNICATION
DISPLACEMENT-DISTANT IN TIME AND SPACE U CAN COMMUNICATE ABOUT THINGS
PHONOLOGY THE IMPORTANT SPEECH SOUND OF A LANGUAGE AND THE RULES FOR COMBINING BASIC SOUNDS INTO LARGER UNITS
MORPHOLOGY THE RULES FOR COMBINING THE SMALLEST UNITS OF MEANING IN LANGUAGE INTO WORDS
SYNTAX THE WAY LANGUAGE COMBINES WORDS TO FORM PHRASES AND SENTENCES A SYSTEM CONSISTING OF THE RULES OF GRAMMAR FOR THE LANGUAGES
SEMANTICS THE MEANINGS ASSOCIATED WITH THE WORDS IN A LANGUAGE
PRAGMATICS
THE USE OF LANGUAGE TO EXPRESS THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS
LEARNING THEORY
THEORY THAT IS SEEN AS A SKILLED BEHAVIOR THAT CHILDREN LEARN THROUGH OPERENT CONDITIONING IMITATION AND MODELING
NATIVIST THEORY
THEORY THAT SEES HUMAN CAPABILITY THAT DEVELOPS WHEN LANGUAGE INPUT TRIGGERS A LANGUAGE ACQUISITION DEVICE (LAD) IN THE BRAIN