Music Lit Final Part 1

Total Flash Cards » 147
 
1. 

the term "dark ages" refers to the time:

 

between 500& 1000 c.e.

 
2. 

in sonata-allegro form, the contrasting key is established by the statement of:

 

the second theme.

 
3. 

in the 19th century saw the rise of a new social order shaped by:

 

the technological advances of the industrial revolution

 
4. 

the post-romantic era lasted from approx:

 

1890-1910

 
5. 

the frankish emperor who encouraged education & the concept of a centralized government was:

 

Charlemagne

 
6. 

mozart is remembered today as :

 

the most gifted child prodigy in the history of music

 
7. 

in the romantic era skilled musicians were trained at:

 

conservatories

 
8. 

in the movement that, along with post-romanticism, ushered in the 20th century was known as:

 

impressionism

 
9. 

the most important patron of music in the middle ages was:

 

the roman catholic church

 
10. 

of the following which characterizes Maria Theresa Paradis? -a. women virtuoso piano -b. friend of Mozart -c. blind since birth, -d. all of the above

 

All of the above

 
11. 

during the 19th century, concert life began to center in the

 

public concert hall

 
12. 

_____ was a post-romantic composer known for his symphonic poems & operas such as

 

RIchard Strauss

 
13. 

the high middle ages witnessed:

 

building of great cathedrals, founding universities, & the rise of the bourgeoisie

 
14. 

using material from an earlier movement in each subsequent movement of a symphony is called :

 

cyclical form

 
15. 

what trend inspired composers to write music evoking scenes or sounds of far off lands

 

exoticism

 
16. 

in which of the following movements if gustav mahler most closely associated?

 

post-romantic

 
17. 

early notation suggested melodic contours using small ascending & descending signs called:

 

Neumes

 
18. 

which composer established the scherzo was a regular alternative to the minuet movement?

 

Beethoven

 
19. 

of the following, which does NOT describe romantic orchestral music? -works were linked to nationalism, - music established connections to paintings and drama - new genres emerged some of which incorporated voices - composers produced more symphonies than their classical-era counterpoints.

 

Composers produced more symphonies than their classical counterpoints.

 
20. 

impressionism is music is best exemplified by the works of :

 

Claude Debussy

 
21. 

the portion of the mass that changes from day to day, dependent on the feast celebrated is called

 

the Proper

 
22. 

haydn enjoyed phenomenal musical success with two trips to which country:

 

England

 
23. 

the leipzig conservatory was founded by:

 

Felix Mendelssohn

 
24. 

which of the following was NOT characteristic of Impressionist music? -whole-tone scales, -parallel chords, - ninth chords, - accents on the first beat of each measure

 

Accents on the first beat of each measure

 
25. 

which of the following women was not only a religious leader but also a prominent figure in literature & music

 

Hildegard of Bingen

 
26. 

mozart's compositions were often listed by their K numbers which refer to:

 

the man who first catalogued his works.

 
27. 

of the following who is a noted woman composer of the romantic era:

 

Amy Cheney Beach

 
28. 

what is unusual about the opening of debussy's Prelude to the afternoon of a faun?

 

it opens w/a flute solo in the velvety lower register.

 
29. 

in what part of the liturgy does the Alleluia occur?

 

Mass Proper

 
30. 

in the classical orchestra, which group of instruments served as the ensemble's nucleus?

 

strings

 
31. 

a german texted song with piano accompaniment that sets a short lyric poem is called:

 

A lied

 
32. 

debussy was highly influenced by the sounds of the gamelan from:

 

Java

 
33. 

the musical texture that arose around 1000 c.e. towards the end of the Romanesque period was

 

polyphony

 
34. 

which of the following is common characteristic of the second movement of a multi-movement cycle? -new key, - theme & variations form, - a slow tempo - all of the above

 

all of the above

 
35. 

___ was NOT an important composer of the 19th century lieder? -heine - schumann -brahmns -schubert

 

Heine

 
36. 

in which early 20th century style dealt with the realm of the unconscious, distorted images, and the innner self.

 

expressionism

 
37. 

which was NOT a function of secular music in medieval court life? -accompaniment for dancing & banquets -ceremonial occasions & tournaments -devotional services -military music

 

Devotional services

 
38. 

a typical feature of a concerto is a free solo passage without orchestral accompaniment is called?

 

Cadenza

 
39. 

which was NOT a typical theme of the Romantic Lied?-beauty of nature -love & longing -praise of the Virgin Mary -fleeting nature of human happiness

 

praise of the Virgin Mary

 
40. 

the early 20th century style that sought to revive certain principles & forms of earlier music

 

neoclassicism

 
41. 

according to your test, which of the following would NOT be a common subject of troubadour & trouvere songs? -love -work -war -laments

 

Work

 
42. 

Name the masters of the first Viennese School.

 

Haydn, Mozart, Schubert, Beethoven. (HEY MARISSA STUPID BITCH)

 
43. 

the favorite romantic poets for the composers of lieder were

 

Goethe & heine

 
44. 

which of the following composers would NOT have been emulated during the neoclassical era?-vivialdi -bach -wagner -handel

 

Wagner

 
45. 

the outstanding composer-poet of the french Ars Nova was

 

Machaut

 
46. 

beethoven's own instrument for which he wrote numerous concertos & sonatas was

 

the piano

 
47. 

schubert lived a tradigical short life but was a remarkable prolific composer of: -lieder -chamber music -piano music -all of the above

 

All of the above

 
48. 

which of the following genres was NOT favored by the neoclassicists of the early 20th century

 

symphonic poem

 
49. 

the french courtly love song of the middle ages was called the

 

chanson

 
50. 

mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik is an example of

 

a serenade

 
51. 

which is true of schubert's erlking? -masterpiece of his youth -based on the legend that whoever is touched by the king of elves must die -it presents 4 characters who are differentiated in the music -all of the above

 

all of the above

 
52. 

composers introduced new harmonic styles in the 20th century including -atonality, -polytonality -12-tone music -all of the above

 

all of the above

 
53. 

italian explorer who traveld to china in the 13th century was

 

marco polo

 
54. 

which western orchestral instrument or instruments derive from turkish military bands

 

triangle, cymbals, bass drum

 
55. 

the composer who founded the new journal for music was

 

schumann

 
56. 

the melody in 12 tone music is called

 

a tone row

 
57. 

medieval instruments can be divided in bas & haut meaning

 

soft & loud

 
58. 

the most important instrumental genre of the classical period was

 

the symphony

 
59. 

schumann's in the lovely month of may is from which song cycle

 

A poet's love

 
60. 

what was the name of the paris-based russian ballet impresario who commissioned stravinksy to write ballets

 

Diaghilev

 
61. 

which historical event did NOT take place in the renaissance -discovery of the new world -introduction of printing in the west -writing of the magna carta -protestant reformation

 

writing of the magna carta

 
62. 

the dreamy first movement of the moonlight sonata features -singing melody -accompaniment with arpeggios -strophic-like form -all of the above

 

all of the above

 
63. 

which of the following was NOT a technical improvement in the 19th century piano? -it was made louder -range was expanded -second keyboard was added -was given an improved mechanical action

 

second keyboard was added

 
64. 

which of the following is NOT ballet by stravinksy -daphnis et chloe -the firebird -petrushka -rite of spring

 

Daphnis et Chloe

 
65. 

renaissance musicians could make their living in all of the following ways EXCEPT: -as choirmasters, singers, & organists -instrument builders or players -music printers & publishers -professional orchestral conductors

 

as professional orchestral conductors

 
66. 

how did comic opera differ from opera seria? -it presented down-to-earth- plots -it featured ensemble as well as solo singing -it was sung in the vernacular -all of the above

 

all of the above

 
67. 

a short lyric piece was the instrumental equivalent of

 

the song

 
68. 

the rite of spring is characterized by -percussive use of dissonance -polyrhythms -polytonality -all of the above

 

all of the above

 
69. 

the fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the renaissance was called

 

a cantus firmus

 
70. 

who was haydn's principal patron?

 

prince esterhazy

 
71. 

19th century composers of the short lyric piano piece included -brahms -r. schumann -chopin -all of the above

 

all of the above. think acronym silly clara lee makes big farts really colorful -schubert chopin liszt mendensohn brahms fanny robert clara schumann

 
72. 

alban berg & anton webern were disciples of :

 

arnold schoenberg

 
73. 

movements of the ordinary mass??

 

Kyrie Gloria Credo Sanctus Agnus Dei - acronym Kyle gave carlie some apple dumplings

 
74. 

the system in which the aristocracy sponsored musicians is called

 

patronage

 
75. 

chopin is considered to be the national composer of

 

poland

 
76. 

the 12 tone method

 

revolutionized composition in the 20th century

 
77. 

what is a cantus firmus

 

fragment of georgian chant used as the foundation of a polyphonic mass

 
78. 

in the classical multi-movement cycle, which movement was most commonlu in a contrasting key from the other three?

 

second

 
79. 

which was NOT a genre of music by Chopin? -nocturnes -polonaises -ballades -symphonies

 

Symphonies

 
80. 

schoenberg created a newt style in which vocal melodies were spoken rather than sung with exact pitches & rhythms. this was known as

 

sprechstimme

 
81. 

josquin's ave maria...virgo serena is an example of

 

a motet

 
82. 

the typical first movement of a classical concerto begins with

 

the orchestra

 
83. 

which of the following does NOT characterize the music of Chopin? -rubato -virtuosity -reserved emotions -lyricism

 

Reserved emotions

 
84. 

what accompanies the voice in pierrot lunaire

 

chamber group

 
85. 

which composer responded to the reforms of the council of trent in exemplary fashion?

 

palestrina

 
86. 

the early classical symphony was characterized by quickly ascending themes with a strong rhythmic drive. these were known as

 

rocket themes

 
87. 

the term temp rubato associated with chopin's music means that the performer should

 

take liberties with the tempo

 
88. 

schoenberg experimented with the idea of tone-color melody, or shifting each note of a melody to a different instrument. he called this

 

klangfarbenmelodie

 
89. 

the structure known as binary form is

 

A-A-B-B

 
90. 

how many symphonies did Beethoven write

 

9

 
91. 

clara schumann's later creative activities were supported by the devoution of which composer

 

brahms

 
92. 

which of the following was NOT a member of the 20th century russian school? -rachmaninoff -delius -prokofiev -shostakovich

 

Delius remember acronym really sh sh darla -russian sergei rachmaninoff sergei prokofiev dmitri shostakovich

 
93. 

which of the following was the chief form of intalisn secular music in the renaissance?

 

madrigal

 
94. 

a string quartet consists of

 

2 violins, viola & cello

 
95. 

clara schumann's compositional output was predominantly

 

songs, & solo piano works

 
96. 

the cantata carmina burana was written by

 

carl orff

 
97. 

the late renaissance madrigal came to full flower in the music of

 

claudio monteverdi

 
98. 

the dies irae text from the requiem describes

 

the day of judgement

 
99. 

who was the first internationally acclaimed american composer of classical music

 

gottschalk

 
100. 

the hungarian composer who combined native folk music characteristics with main currents of european music was

 

bartok

 
101. 

during the late 16th century, the principal center for polychoral singing was

 

st mark's of venice

 
102. 

in sonata allegro form a modulatory section that leads from one theme to the next is called

 

a bridge

 
103. 

gottschalk based many of his works off of

 

native american & caribbean songs

 
104. 

what characterizes the published devotional music in america during the 19th century ? -simpler notation for people lacking music literacy -monophonic textures -notation intended for performances by trained choirs only -all of the above

 

simpler notation for people lacking music literacy

 
105. 

the first composer to indicate dynamics & specific instruments in music was

 

Gabrieli

 
106. 

what is the form of the second movement of haydn's surprise symphony

 

themes & variations

 
107. 

instrumental music is endowed with literary, philosophicl or pictorial associations called

 

program music

 
108. 

which 19th century american composer is best remembered for his popular ballads & minstrel show tunes

 

Stephen foster

 
109. 

the term baroque probably derives from

 

a portuguese word meaning irregular in shape

 
110. 

the classical period in music is ranged from approx:

 

1750-1825

 
111. 

in absolute music, the lack of a prescribed story or text to hold the music together makes the element of ___ especially important

 

melody

 
112. 

the 3 main sections of sonata form are the expositions, development &

 

recapitulation

 
113. 

music written for players, generally of consisting of an overture & a series of pieces to be performed between acts is called

 

incidental music

 
114. 

Middle ages-

 

476-1450 FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE

 
115. 

Dark Ages

 

500-1000

 
116. 

Late Middle ages

 

1000-1450

 
117. 

the renaissance

 

1450-1600

 
118. 

baroque era

 

1600-1750

 
119. 

romantic era

 

1825-1890

 
120. 

2 movements styles follow the romantic era in 1890ish

 

post romanticism & impressionism

 
121. 

around 1915 appears

 

expressionism, neoclassicism, serialism, nationalism, world music, aleatoric music

 
122. 

centers of power are & development of?

 

church & state; libraries, cities, cathedrals, universities & monasteries

 
123. 

georgian chant was named for

 

pope georgory the great

 
124. 

georgian chant is

 

monophony with conjunct melodies

 
125. 

syllabic

 

one note sung with each syllable of text

 
126. 

neumatic

 

small groups of up to 5 or 6 notes sung to a syllable

 
127. 

meslimatic

 

long groups of notes set to a single syllable of text

 
128. 

susato

 

three dances

 
129. 

polyphony appears in

 

1150 organum

 
130. 

bach's 3 periods

 

weimar, cothen, leipzig

 
131. 

cyclical form

 

using material from an earlier movement in a symphony

 
132. 

mult-movement cycle

 

1st movement- in sonata allegro form, 2nd movement slow in different key theme & variations or ternary form 3rd movement minuet and trio or scherzo fourth movement very fast rondo or sonata allegro form

 
133. 

sonata allegro form

 

exposition, development, & recapitulation ELEPHANTS DREAD RATS

 
134. 

concertos have:

 

3 movements

 
135. 

Program music examples

 

Concert Overtures, Incidental Music, Program Symphony, Symphonic Poem. CUNT IS PUSSY STANK

 
136. 

what is program music

 

instrumental music that is endoed with literary, philosophical or pictorial associatsions

 
137. 

what is absolute music

 

instrumental music that is not based on a text or picture

 
138. 

part songs-

 

3 or 4 voice parts with no accompaniment

 
139. 

the composer of bel canto style singing is

 

verdi

 
140. 

the opera house in Milan is

 

La Scala

 
141. 

Wagner ; Gesamtkunstwerk

 

all the arts are fused together

 
142. 

leitmotif

 

basic themes that reoccur.

 
143. 

the opera house specifically designed for Wagner

 

Bayreuth

 
144. 

who composed the first symphony by an african american to be performed by a major american orchestra?

 

William Grant Still

 
145. 

the second Viennese school

 

Schoenburg, Alban & Webern SANTA ATE WORMS

 
146. 

what did the 1950s & 60s saw?

 

the rise of electronic music & MIDI-musical instrument digital interface)

 
147. 

who was the first american born musician to be appointed conductor of the New York Philharmonic

 

Leonard Bernstein