MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY 2 FINAL

Total Flash Cards » 127
 
1. 

What is increased intraocular pressure often describes as?

-glaucoma

-myopia

-presbyopia?

 

GLAUCOMA

 
2. 

What is ts refractive error associated with aging called?

-myopia

-presbyopia

-hyperopia

 

PRESBYOPIA

 
3. 

What is loss of hearing due to the natural aging process known as?

-presbycusis

-otopresbyosis

-hyperopia

 

PRESBYCUSIS

 
4. 

What is bacterial infection of an eyelash follicle called?

-chalzion

-hordeolum

-hyphema

 

HORDEOLUM

 
5. 

Select the condition associated with an obstructed meibomian gland

-hordeolum

-conjunctivitis

-chhalazion

 

CHALAZION

 
6. 

What might a common ear ache e referred to?

-otitis media

-otalgia

-otosclerosis

 

OTALGIA

 
7. 

The______is also known as the white of the eyes

-scelra

-conjunctiva

-iris

 

SCLERA

 
8. 

Which term best describes lens cloudiness or loss of transparency

-cataract

-glaucoma

-presbyopia

 

CATARACT

 
9. 

What is the inability to establish color called?

-daltonism

-monochromatic

-achromatic vision

 

ACHROMATIC VISION

 
10. 

Select the term that best describes abnormal dialation of the pupil

-miosis

-mitosis

-mydriasis

 

MYDRIASIS

 
11. 

What is immobility of the footplate of the stapes called?

-stapitits

-presbyopia

-otosclerosis

 

OTOSCLEROSIS

 
12. 

Select the term that best describes farsightness

-myopia

-hyperopia

-astigmatism

 

HYPEROPIA

 
13. 

What is a synonymous term for convergent strabismus

-exotrpia

-intraopia

-esotropia

 

ESOTROPIA

 
14. 

What is the medical term for swimmers ear

-otitis media

-otitis externa

-otosclerosis

 

OTITIS EXTERNA

 
15. 

Select the medical term for pink eye

-conjunctivits

-scleritis

-blepharitis

 

CONJUNCTIVITIS

 
16. 

What is an abnormal ringing or tinkling noise in the ear called?

-tinnitus

-vertigo

-otophone

 

TINNITUS

 
17. 

What is the inability to distinguish greens from reds?

-monochromatic

-daltonism

-achromatic vision

 

DALTONISM

 
18. 

Select the term that describes an incision into the eardrum

-myringotomy

-otoplasty

-ototomy

 

MYRINGOTOMY

 
19. 

Which term is used to identify nearsightedness

-hyperopia

-astigmatism

-myopia

 

MYOPIA

 
20. 

A collection of clear fluid in the middle ear that may follow acute otitis media or be due to an obstruction of the Eustachian tube is known as:

-labyrinthitis

-serous otitis media

-swimmers ear

 

SEROUS OTITIS MEDIA

 
21. 

This cystic mass may be a result of chronic otitis media

-choleseatoma

-impacted cerumen

-otoma

 

CHOLESEATOMA

 
22. 

Which term is associated with abnormal constriction of the pupil

-mydriasis

-miosis

-mitosis

 

MIOSIS

 
23. 

Select the term that best describes color blindness

-monochromatic

-daltonism

-achromatic vision

 

MONOCHROMATIC

 
24. 

What is loss of vision due to old age called?

-glaucoma

-hyperopia

-presbyopia

 

PRESBYOPIA

 
25. 

What is swelling of the optic disc called?

-scleredema

-papilledema

-blepharedema

 

PAPILLEDEMA

 
26. 

What is a synonymous term for divergent strabismus?

-exotropia

-intraopia

-esotropia

 

EXOTROPIA

 
27. 

What is inflammation of the glans penis called?

-balanitis

-orchitis

-arthritis

 

BALANITIS

 
28. 

Which male body fluid includes secretions from the seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and cowpers glands?

-semen

-sperm

-seminal fluid

 

SEMEN

 
29. 

What term describes an undecided testicle

-phimosis

-cyrptorchidism

-anarchism

 

CRYPOTORCHIDISM

 
30. 

Which term best describes low sperm count

-anaspermia

-oligospermia

-sterility

 

OLIGOSPERMIA

 
31. 

Whats tightness of the foreskin of the penis known as?

-hypostasis

-prepuce

-phimosis

 

PHIMOSIS

 
32. 

Which structure provides the appropriate enviornment for sperm maturation?
-epididymis
-semial vesicle
-scrotum

 

EPIDIDYMIS

 
33. 

What are cowpers glands also called
-seminal vesicles
-epididymis
-bulb urethral glands

 

BULBO URETHRAL GLANDS

 
34. 

Select the reproductive structure responsible for production of sperm
-seminal vesicles
-epididymis
-somniferous tubule

 

SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES

 
35. 

What is non cancerous enlargment of the prostate called
-hyperplasia of the prostate
-benign prostatic hypertrophy
-prostatoma

 

BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY

 
36. 

What is removal of the part of the prostate through the urethra called
-prostatectomy
-urethrotomy
-transurethral resection

 

TRANSURETHRAL

 
37. 

Which term best defines the interval between menses and ovulation
-postmenstrual phase
-premenstrual phase
-menstrual phase

 

POSTMENSTRUAL

 
38. 

What is the presence of single or multiple fluid filled cycts that are palpable in the breast known as
-fibrocystic breast disease
-breast engorment
-nodular breast disease

 

FIBROCYSTIC BREAST DISEASE

 
39. 

What are the female external genitalia collectively reffered to as
-mons pubis
-introitus
-vulva

 

MONS PUBIS

 
40. 

what is a herniation or dwnward protrusion of the urinary bladder through the vaginal wall called?
-hysterocele
-femoral hernia
-cystocele

 

CYSTOCELE

 
41. 

what does the ovulatory phase begin with
-menstrual flow
-rupture of the graafian follicle
-maturation of several ova

 

RUPTURE OF THE GRAFFIAN FOLLICLE

 
42. 

the term that best describes uterine bleeding that occurs at times other than the menstrual period?
-amenorrhea
-dysmenorrhea
-metrorrhagia

 

METRORRHAGIA

 
43. 

what is a white or yellowish discharge from the vagina known as
-leukorrhea
-corpus luteum
-cervicitis

 

LEUKORRHEA

 
44. 

select the term that best describes uterine tissue in an abnormal location
-myometriosis
-endometriosis
-cervicitis

 

ENDOMETRIOSIS

 
45. 

term that describes abnormally long or very heavy menstrual flow
-menorrahgia
-metrorrhagia
-menometrorrhagia

 

MENORRHAGIA

 
46. 

which pancreatic diagnosis exhibits symptoms ranging from mild pancreatic edema to massive necrotizing pancreatic hemorrhage?
-acute pancreatitis
-chronic pancreatitis
-pancreatic cancer

 

ACUTE

 
47. 

what is a simple hyperplasia of the thyroid gland known as
-thyroidosis
-goiter
-conns disease

 

GOITER

 
48. 

select the eponym associated with hyperthyroidism
-conns disease
-graves disease
-addisons disease

 

GRAVES

 
49. 

what is another name for thyroid storm
-thyrotoxicosis
-thyroiditis
-conns disease

 

THYROTOXICOSIS

 
50. 

what is an abnormal outward protrusion of the eyes known as
-graves disease
-hypothyroidism
-exopthalmia

 

EXOPTHALMIA

 
51. 

what is the condition cause by hypersecretion of the human growth hormone after puberty called
-acromegaly
-goiter
-graves disease

 

ACROMEGALY

 
52. 

what is an insulin disorder associated with the pancreas known as
-gestational diabetes
-diabetes insipidus
-diabetes mellitus

 

MELLITUS

 
53. 

what is a vascular tumor of the adrenal gland causing hypertension and heat palpitations
-conns disease
-pheochromocytoma
-cushings syndrome

 

PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA

 
54. 

what is the most severe form of hypothyroidism in an adult called
-myxedema
-virilism
-conns disease

 

MYXEDEMA

 
55. 

which term best describes excessive body hair in a male distribution pattern
-hirsuitism
-virilism
-androgynisim

 

HIRSUITISM

 
56. 

which diagnosis best describes an autoimmune disease that results in a chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland
-conns disease
-graves disease
-hashimotos disease

 

HASHIMOTO

 
57. 

which type of diabetes is due to a deficiency in the secretion of antidiuretic hormone
-diabetes insipidus
-diabetes mellitus
-gestational diabetes

 

INSIPIDUS

 
58. 

which term best describes the development of masculine physical traits in a woman
-hirsuitism
-virilism
-androgynism

 

VIRILISM

 
59. 

renal tubules empty urine into the
-renal pelvis
-renal medulla
-renal cortex

 

PELVIS

 
60. 

which term best describes the specific filtration structure of the urinary system
-nephron
-renal capsule
-glomerulus

 

GLOMERULUS

 
61. 

which term best describes an inflammation of the renal pelvis
-calycitis
-pyelonephritis
-nephritis

 

PYELONEPHRITIS

 
62. 

which term best describes a distention of the renal pelvis and calycees due to urine that cannot exit into the ureters
-hydronephrosis
-polyscystic kidney
-dysuria

 

HYDRONEPHROSIS

 
63. 

what is the medical term for ureteral stricture
--ureterolysis
-uretrosclerosis
-uretestenosis

 

URETEOSTENOSIS

 
64. 

what is a term that is synonymous for albuminuria
-pyuria
-proteinuria
-azotemia

 

PROTEINURIA

 
65. 

where are glomeruli located
-kidney
-renal cortex
-renal tubule

 

RENAL CORTEX

 
66. 

what is the functional unit of a kidney called
-nephron
-bladder
-renal tubule

 

nephron

 
67. 

what is shunting the blood so that it may be filtered known as
-hemodialysis
-dialysis
-dwell time

 

hemodialysis

 
68. 

what is another way of describing renal calculi
--pyelolithiasis
-nephrolithiasis
-pyelocalculus

 

nephroliathiasis

 
69. 

what is abnormal backflow of urine from the bladder to the ureter called
-hydronephrosis
-wilms tumor
-vesicoureteral refulx

 

vesicoureteral reflux

 
70. 

select the structure that most closely associates with reabsorption of h2o electrolytes and nutrients
-nephron
-glomerulus
-renal tubule

 

renal tubule

 
71. 

what is herniation of the urinary bladder into the vagina wall called
-atelectasis
-intussusception
-vesicocele

 

vesicocele

 
72. 

what is a venous xray accomplished via contrast medium known as
-angiography
-venography
-doppler venous exam

 

venography

 
73. 

how are most malignant neoplasms classified
-carcinomas
-papillomas
-sarcomas

 

carcinoma

 
74. 

what are biochemical indicators associated with malignancy called
-tumor markers
-nucleic acid
-oncogenesis

 

nucelic acid

 
75. 

what is an xray of the major bile ducts following an intravenous injection of a contrast medium called
-cholangiography
-cholangio[ancreatography
-cholecystography

 

cholangiography

 
76. 

what is cellular maturation and functional definition called
-differentation
-anaplasia
-euplasia

 

differentation

 
77. 

what is a dermoid cyst an example of
-sarcoma
-carinoma
-mixed tissure tumor

 

mixed tissue tumor

 
78. 

which term describes a tumor that is enclosed in fibrous or membranous sheaths
-benign
-encapsulated
-in situ

 

encapsulated

 
79. 

what is a precancerous lesion occuring in the mouth known as
-oral chancre
-oral leukoplakia
-stomatitis

 

oral leukoplakia

 
80. 

what is another name for angiocardiography
-cardiac catheterization
-heart scan
-echocardiography

 

cardiac cath

 
81. 

the advanced surgical treatment procedure in which the cancerous tumor is removed in stages
-aspiration biopsy
-conization
-mohs surgery

 

mohs surgery

 
82. 

what is a basal cell carcinoma the most common malignant tumor of
-connective tissue
-epithelial tissue
-adipose tissue

 

epithelial tissue

 
83. 

how is detection of renal vein clots and vessel narrowing accomplished?
-renal angiography
-kidney scan
-venography

 

renal angiography

 
84. 

what are tumors that can be cured by radiation therapy called
-radiocurable
-radiosensitive
-radiolucent

 

radiocurable

 
85. 

what does grading as related to malignant tumor cells describe
-cellular differentation and growth rate
-cellular necrosis
-cellular invasive activity

 

differentation and growth rate

 
86. 

from what do sarcomas orginate
-supportive and connective tissue
-epithelial tissue
-adipose tissue

 

supportive and connective tissue

 
87. 

which diagnostic technque produces electrical rather than chemical images
-xeroradiogaphy
-cineardiography
-echogram

 

xeroradiography

 
88. 

what is the loss of cellular differentation and reversion to a more primitive form called
-anaplasia
-metastasis
-dysplasia

 

anaplasia

 
89. 

what is a highly invasive carcinoma associated with sun exposure
-basal cell carcinoma
-malignant melanoma
-squamous cell carcinoma

 

squamous cell carcinoma

 
90. 

what does staging as it relates to oncology refer to
-extent of disease and tumor size
-cellular necrosis
-cellular invasice activity

 

extent of disease and tumor size

 
91. 

what is any drug that contains radioactive atoms called
-radiopharamaceutical
-contrast medium
-nuclear medication

 

radiopharmaceutical

 
92. 

select the term that best describes an xray technique that produces a detailed corss section of tssue structure
-teletherapy
-digital radiography
-computer tomography

 

computer tomography

 
93. 

what is an apparent change in te frequency of sound or light waves known as
-ultrasonography
-photosonography
--doppler effect

 

doppler effect

 
94. 

which term accuratly describes internal radiation therapy
-brachytherapy
-teletherapy
-radiography

 

brachytherapy

 
95. 

term that best describes a diagnostic procedure for studying the structure and motion of the heart
-heart scan
-echocardiography
-angiocardiography

 

echocardiography

 
96. 

what does visualization of the gallbladder with an iodinated contrast medium describe
-cholecystoscopy
-cholecystography
-choleangiography

 

CHOLECYSTOGRAPHY

 
97. 

what is the inscion into the perineum to facilatate delivery called
-epidural block
-episiotomy
-perineal enhancement

 

EPISIOTOMY

 
98. 

what is another phrase for respiratory distress syndrome of the premature infant.

-sudden infant death syndrom

-patent ductus

-hyaline membrane disease

 

hyaline membrane disease

 
99. 

abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and aorta

-patent ductous

-tetrology

fetal ductus

 

patent ductus

 
100. 

which term best describes a superficial skin infection characterized by serous vesicles and pustules

-impetigo

-rubelloa

-roseolla

 

impetigo

 
101. 

which defect is NOT associated with tetralogy of Falot

-pulmonary stenosis

-hypertrophy of R ventricle

-atrial septal defect

 

ATRIAL SETAL DEFECT

 
102. 

what is strawberry tongue a characteristic of?

-rubeola

-roseola

-scarlatina

 

scarlatina

 
103. 

what is enzyme deficiency that alters lipid metabolism called

-tay sachs disease

-hyaline membrane disease

-phenylketonuria

 

tay sachs disease

 
104. 

most sever form of pregnancy induced hypertension

-preeclampsia

-gestational hypertension

-eclampsia

 

eclampsia

 
105. 

disease characterized by kopliks spots?

-rubella

-roseola

-rubeola

 

rubeola

 
106. 

dilation of cervical os prior to uterine contractions

-incompetent cervix

-cercage

-placenta previa

 

incompetent cervix

 
107. 

current jelly stool combined with severe abdominal pain and omiting

-esophogeal atresia

-gastric reflux

-intussusception

 

intussusception

 
108. 

medical term that describes the fertilized ovum prior to the 9th week of pregnancy

-fetus

-gamete

-embryo

 

embryo

 
109. 

severe vominiting that continues into the 2nd trimester

-hyperemesis gravidarum

-morning sickness

-dystocia

 

hyperemesis gravidarum

 
110. 

correct erm for "whooping cough"

-impetigo

-pertussis

-parotitis

 

pertusis

 
111. 

viral disease characterized by a maculopapular rash that lasts about 24 hours

-roseola infantum

-subella

-rubeola

 

roseola infantum

 
112. 

term that describes the childhood disease commonly known as the mumps

-parotid lymphadentits

-infectious parotitis

-cervical adentits

 

infectious parotitis

 
113. 

what is rationalizing characterized by

-rechanneling unacceptable impulses

-making excuses for unacceptable feelings

-using legal arguements to justify ones feelings

 

????

 
114. 

an effort to overcome real or imagined inadequacies

-displacement

-compensation

-suppresion

 

compensation

 
115. 

term that best describes state of frenzied excitement

-delirium

-hysteria

-mania

 

hysteria

 
116. 

term that best describes an involuntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences

-repression

-suppression

-sublimination

 

repression

 
117. 

reverting to an earlier and more comfortable leverl of development

-sublimination

-retrogression

-regression

 

regression

 
118. 

term that best describes a chronic preoccupation and irrational fear about bodily health

-delusions

-parasomnia

-hypochondriasis

 

hypochondriasis

 
119. 

term that best describes the observable evidence of a persons feelings and emotions

-affect

-anxiety

-apathy

 

affect

 
120. 

what is transferring a feeling or emotion from one object to a substitute

-projection

-compensation

-displacement

 

projection

 
121. 

what is an abnormal and uncontrolled urge to steal

-kleptomania

-pyromania

-antisocial personality

 

kleptomania

 
122. 

what is transferring unacceptaboe thougts or feelings to someone else

-compensation

-projection

-displacement

 

displacement

 
123. 

what are bipolar disorders known as

-cyclothymic

-obsessive compulsive

-manic depressive

 

manic depressive

 
124. 

what is voluntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences called?

-repression

-supression

-sublimination

 

suppression

 
125. 

thickening and hardening of the skin is known as

-lichenification

-hypopigmntation

-psoriasis

 

lichenification

 
126. 

what term describes turning outward of the edge of the eyelid

-ectropion

-entropion

-epitropion

 

ectropion

 
127. 

what is being checked when lightly pinching the skin of the forearm and releasing it

-skin turgor

-circulation

-blanching

 

skin turgor