MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY 2 FINAL

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1. 

What is increased intraocular pressure often describes as?

-glaucoma

-myopia

-presbyopia?

 
GLAUCOMA
 
2. 

What is ts refractive error associated with aging called?

-myopia

-presbyopia

-hyperopia

 
PRESBYOPIA
 
3. 

What is loss of hearing due to the natural aging process known as?

-presbycusis

-otopresbyosis

-hyperopia

 
PRESBYCUSIS
 
4. 

What is bacterial infection of an eyelash follicle called?

-chalzion

-hordeolum

-hyphema

 
HORDEOLUM
 
5. 

Select the condition associated with an obstructed meibomian gland

-hordeolum

-conjunctivitis

-chhalazion

 
CHALAZION
 
6. 

What might a common ear ache e referred to?

-otitis media

-otalgia

-otosclerosis

 
OTALGIA
 
7. 

The______is also known as the white of the eyes

-scelra

-conjunctiva

-iris

 
SCLERA
 
8. 

Which term best describes lens cloudiness or loss of transparency

-cataract

-glaucoma

-presbyopia

 
CATARACT
 
9. 

What is the inability to establish color called?

-daltonism

-monochromatic

-achromatic vision

 
ACHROMATIC VISION
 
10. 

Select the term that best describes abnormal dialation of the pupil

-miosis

-mitosis

-mydriasis

 
MYDRIASIS
 
11. 
What is immobility of the footplate of the stapes called?

-stapitits

-presbyopia

-otosclerosis

 
OTOSCLEROSIS
 
12. 

Select the term that best describes farsightness

-myopia

-hyperopia

-astigmatism

 
HYPEROPIA
 
13. 

What is a synonymous term for convergent strabismus

-exotrpia

-intraopia

-esotropia

 
ESOTROPIA
 
14. 

What is the medical term for swimmers ear

-otitis media

-otitis externa

-otosclerosis

 
OTITIS EXTERNA
 
15. 

Select the medical term for pink eye

-conjunctivits

-scleritis

-blepharitis

 
CONJUNCTIVITIS
 
16. 

What is an abnormal ringing or tinkling noise in the ear called?

-tinnitus

-vertigo

-otophone

 
TINNITUS
 
17. 

What is the inability to distinguish greens from reds?

-monochromatic

-daltonism

-achromatic vision

 
DALTONISM
 
18. 

Select the term that describes an incision into the eardrum

-myringotomy

-otoplasty

-ototomy

 
MYRINGOTOMY
 
19. 

Which term is used to identify nearsightedness

-hyperopia

-astigmatism

-myopia

 
MYOPIA
 
20. 

A collection of clear fluid in the middle ear that may follow acute otitis media or be due to an obstruction of the Eustachian tube is known as:

-labyrinthitis

-serous otitis media

-swimmers ear

 
SEROUS OTITIS MEDIA
 
21. 

This cystic mass may be a result of chronic otitis media

-choleseatoma

-impacted cerumen

-otoma

 
CHOLESEATOMA
 
22. 

Which term is associated with abnormal constriction of the pupil

-mydriasis

-miosis

-mitosis

 
MIOSIS
 
23. 
Select the term that best describes color blindness

-monochromatic

-daltonism

-achromatic vision

 
MONOCHROMATIC
 
24. 

What is loss of vision due to old age called?

-glaucoma

-hyperopia

-presbyopia

 
PRESBYOPIA
 
25. 

What is swelling of the optic disc called?

-scleredema

-papilledema

-blepharedema

 
PAPILLEDEMA
 
26. 

What is a synonymous term for divergent strabismus?

-exotropia

-intraopia

-esotropia

 
EXOTROPIA
 
27. 

What is inflammation of the glans penis called?

-balanitis

-orchitis

-arthritis

 
BALANITIS
 
28. 

Which male body fluid includes secretions from the seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and cowpers glands?

-semen

-sperm

-seminal fluid

 
SEMEN
 
29. 

What term describes an undecided testicle

-phimosis

-cyrptorchidism

-anarchism

 
CRYPOTORCHIDISM
 
30. 

Which term best describes low sperm count

-anaspermia

-oligospermia

-sterility

 
OLIGOSPERMIA
 
31. 

Whats tightness of the foreskin of the penis known as?

-hypostasis

-prepuce

-phimosis

 
PHIMOSIS
 
32. 
Which structure provides the appropriate enviornment for sperm maturation?
-epididymis
-semial vesicle
-scrotum
 
EPIDIDYMIS
 
33. 
What are cowpers glands also called
-seminal vesicles
-epididymis
-bulb urethral glands
 
BULBO URETHRAL GLANDS
 
34. 
Select the reproductive structure responsible for production of sperm
-seminal vesicles
-epididymis
-somniferous tubule
 
SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES
 
35. 
What is non cancerous enlargment of the prostate called
-hyperplasia of the prostate
-benign prostatic hypertrophy
-prostatoma
 
BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY
 
36. 
What is removal of the part of the prostate through the urethra called
-prostatectomy
-urethrotomy
-transurethral resection
 
TRANSURETHRAL
 
37. 
Which term best defines the interval between menses and ovulation
-postmenstrual phase
-premenstrual phase
-menstrual phase
 
POSTMENSTRUAL
 
38. 
What is the presence of single or multiple fluid filled cycts that are palpable in the breast known as
-fibrocystic breast disease
-breast engorment
-nodular breast disease
 
FIBROCYSTIC BREAST DISEASE
 
39. 
What are the female external genitalia collectively reffered to as
-mons pubis
-introitus
-vulva
 
MONS PUBIS
 
40. 
what is a herniation or dwnward protrusion of the urinary bladder through the vaginal wall called?
-hysterocele
-femoral hernia
-cystocele
 
CYSTOCELE
 
41. 
what does the ovulatory phase begin with
-menstrual flow
-rupture of the graafian follicle
-maturation of several ova
 
RUPTURE OF THE GRAFFIAN FOLLICLE
 
42. 
the term that best describes uterine bleeding that occurs at times other than the menstrual period?
-amenorrhea
-dysmenorrhea
-metrorrhagia
 
METRORRHAGIA
 
43. 
what is a white or yellowish discharge from the vagina known as
-leukorrhea
-corpus luteum
-cervicitis
 
LEUKORRHEA
 
44. 
select the term that best describes uterine tissue in an abnormal location
-myometriosis
-endometriosis
-cervicitis
 
ENDOMETRIOSIS
 
45. 
term that describes abnormally long or very heavy menstrual flow
-menorrahgia
-metrorrhagia
-menometrorrhagia
 
MENORRHAGIA
 
46. 
which pancreatic diagnosis exhibits symptoms ranging from mild pancreatic edema to massive necrotizing pancreatic hemorrhage?
-acute pancreatitis
-chronic pancreatitis
-pancreatic cancer
 
ACUTE
 
47. 
what is a simple hyperplasia of the thyroid gland known as
-thyroidosis
-goiter
-conns disease
 
GOITER
 
48. 
select the eponym associated with hyperthyroidism
-conns disease
-graves disease
-addisons disease
 
GRAVES
 
49. 
what is another name for thyroid storm
-thyrotoxicosis
-thyroiditis
-conns disease
 
THYROTOXICOSIS
 
50. 
what is an abnormal outward protrusion of the eyes known as
-graves disease
-hypothyroidism
-exopthalmia
 
EXOPTHALMIA
 
51. 
what is the condition cause by hypersecretion of the human growth hormone after puberty called
-acromegaly
-goiter
-graves disease
 
ACROMEGALY
 
52. 
what is an insulin disorder associated with the pancreas known as
-gestational diabetes
-diabetes insipidus
-diabetes mellitus
 
MELLITUS
 
53. 
what is a vascular tumor of the adrenal gland causing hypertension and heat palpitations
-conns disease
-pheochromocytoma
-cushings syndrome
 
PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA
 
54. 
what is the most severe form of hypothyroidism in an adult called
-myxedema
-virilism
-conns disease
 
MYXEDEMA
 
55. 
which term best describes excessive body hair in a male distribution pattern
-hirsuitism
-virilism
-androgynisim
 
HIRSUITISM
 
56. 
which diagnosis best describes an autoimmune disease that results in a chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland
-conns disease
-graves disease
-hashimotos disease
 
HASHIMOTO
 
57. 
which type of diabetes is due to a deficiency in the secretion of antidiuretic hormone
-diabetes insipidus
-diabetes mellitus
-gestational diabetes
 
INSIPIDUS
 
58. 
which term best describes the development of masculine physical traits in a woman
-hirsuitism
-virilism
-androgynism
 
VIRILISM
 
59. 
renal tubules empty urine into the
-renal pelvis
-renal medulla
-renal cortex
 
PELVIS
 
60. 
which term best describes the specific filtration structure of the urinary system
-nephron
-renal capsule
-glomerulus
 
GLOMERULUS
 
61. 
which term best describes an inflammation of the renal pelvis
-calycitis
-pyelonephritis
-nephritis
 
PYELONEPHRITIS
 
62. 
which term best describes a distention of the renal pelvis and calycees due to urine that cannot exit into the ureters
-hydronephrosis
-polyscystic kidney
-dysuria
 
HYDRONEPHROSIS
 
63. 
what is the medical term for ureteral stricture
--ureterolysis
-uretrosclerosis
-uretestenosis
 
URETEOSTENOSIS
 
64. 
what is a term that is synonymous for albuminuria
-pyuria
-proteinuria
-azotemia
 
PROTEINURIA
 
65. 
where are glomeruli located
-kidney
-renal cortex
-renal tubule
 
RENAL CORTEX
 
66. 
what is the functional unit of a kidney called
-nephron
-bladder
-renal tubule
 
nephron
 
67. 
what is shunting the blood so that it may be filtered known as
-hemodialysis
-dialysis
-dwell time
 
hemodialysis
 
68. 
what is another way of describing renal calculi
--pyelolithiasis
-nephrolithiasis
-pyelocalculus
 
nephroliathiasis
 
69. 
what is abnormal backflow of urine from the bladder to the ureter called
-hydronephrosis
-wilms tumor
-vesicoureteral refulx
 
vesicoureteral reflux
 
70. 
select the structure that most closely associates with reabsorption of h2o electrolytes and nutrients
-nephron
-glomerulus
-renal tubule
 
renal tubule
 
71. 
what is herniation of the urinary bladder into the vagina wall called
-atelectasis
-intussusception
-vesicocele
 
vesicocele
 
72. 
what is a venous xray accomplished via contrast medium known as
-angiography
-venography
-doppler venous exam
 
venography
 
73. 
how are most malignant neoplasms classified
-carcinomas
-papillomas
-sarcomas
 
carcinoma
 
74. 
what are biochemical indicators associated with malignancy called
-tumor markers
-nucleic acid
-oncogenesis
 
nucelic acid
 
75. 
what is an xray of the major bile ducts following an intravenous injection of a contrast medium called
-cholangiography
-cholangio[ancreatography
-cholecystography
 
cholangiography
 
76. 
what is cellular maturation and functional definition called
-differentation
-anaplasia
-euplasia
 
differentation
 
77. 
what is a dermoid cyst an example of
-sarcoma
-carinoma
-mixed tissure tumor
 
mixed tissue tumor
 
78. 
which term describes a tumor that is enclosed in fibrous or membranous sheaths
-benign
-encapsulated
-in situ
 
encapsulated
 
79. 
what is a precancerous lesion occuring in the mouth known as
-oral chancre
-oral leukoplakia
-stomatitis
 
oral leukoplakia
 
80. 
what is another name for angiocardiography
-cardiac catheterization
-heart scan
-echocardiography
 
cardiac cath
 
81. 
the advanced surgical treatment procedure in which the cancerous tumor is removed in stages
-aspiration biopsy
-conization
-mohs surgery
 
mohs surgery
 
82. 
what is a basal cell carcinoma the most common malignant tumor of
-connective tissue
-epithelial tissue
-adipose tissue
 
epithelial tissue
 
83. 
how is detection of renal vein clots and vessel narrowing accomplished?
-renal angiography
-kidney scan
-venography
 
renal angiography
 
84. 
what are tumors that can be cured by radiation therapy called
-radiocurable
-radiosensitive
-radiolucent
 
radiocurable
 
85. 
what does grading as related to malignant tumor cells describe
-cellular differentation and growth rate
-cellular necrosis
-cellular invasive activity
 
differentation and growth rate
 
86. 
from what do sarcomas orginate
-supportive and connective tissue
-epithelial tissue
-adipose tissue
 
supportive and connective tissue
 
87. 
which diagnostic technque produces electrical rather than chemical images
-xeroradiogaphy
-cineardiography
-echogram
 
xeroradiography
 
88. 
what is the loss of cellular differentation and reversion to a more primitive form called
-anaplasia
-metastasis
-dysplasia
 
anaplasia
 
89. 
what is a highly invasive carcinoma associated with sun exposure
-basal cell carcinoma
-malignant melanoma
-squamous cell carcinoma
 
squamous cell carcinoma
 
90. 
what does staging as it relates to oncology refer to
-extent of disease and tumor size
-cellular necrosis
-cellular invasice activity
 
extent of disease and tumor size
 
91. 
what is any drug that contains radioactive atoms called
-radiopharamaceutical
-contrast medium
-nuclear medication
 
radiopharmaceutical
 
92. 
select the term that best describes an xray technique that produces a detailed corss section of tssue structure
-teletherapy
-digital radiography
-computer tomography
 
computer tomography
 
93. 
what is an apparent change in te frequency of sound or light waves known as
-ultrasonography
-photosonography
--doppler effect
 
doppler effect
 
94. 
which term accuratly describes internal radiation therapy
-brachytherapy
-teletherapy
-radiography
 
brachytherapy
 
95. 
term that best describes a diagnostic procedure for studying the structure and motion of the heart
-heart scan
-echocardiography
-angiocardiography
 
echocardiography
 
96. 
what does visualization of the gallbladder with an iodinated contrast medium describe
-cholecystoscopy
-cholecystography
-choleangiography
 
CHOLECYSTOGRAPHY
 
97. 
what is the inscion into the perineum to facilatate delivery called
-epidural block
-episiotomy
-perineal enhancement
 
EPISIOTOMY
 
98. 

what is another phrase for respiratory distress syndrome of the premature infant.

-sudden infant death syndrom

-patent ductus

-hyaline membrane disease

 
hyaline membrane disease
 
99. 

abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and aorta

-patent ductous

-tetrology

fetal ductus

 
patent ductus
 
100. 

which term best describes a superficial skin infection characterized by serous vesicles and pustules

-impetigo

-rubelloa

-roseolla

 
impetigo
 
101. 

which defect is NOT associated with tetralogy of Falot

-pulmonary stenosis

-hypertrophy of R ventricle

-atrial septal defect

 
ATRIAL SETAL DEFECT
 
102. 

what is strawberry tongue a characteristic of?

-rubeola

-roseola

-scarlatina

 
scarlatina
 
103. 

what is enzyme deficiency that alters lipid metabolism called

-tay sachs disease

-hyaline membrane disease

-phenylketonuria

 
tay sachs disease
 
104. 

most sever form of pregnancy induced hypertension

-preeclampsia

-gestational hypertension

-eclampsia

 
eclampsia
 
105. 

disease characterized by kopliks spots?

-rubella

-roseola

-rubeola

 
rubeola
 
106. 

dilation of cervical os prior to uterine contractions

-incompetent cervix

-cercage

-placenta previa

 
incompetent cervix
 
107. 

current jelly stool combined with severe abdominal pain and omiting

-esophogeal atresia

-gastric reflux

-intussusception

 
intussusception
 
108. 

medical term that describes the fertilized ovum prior to the 9th week of pregnancy

-fetus

-gamete

-embryo

 
embryo
 
109. 

severe vominiting that continues into the 2nd trimester

-hyperemesis gravidarum

-morning sickness

-dystocia

 
hyperemesis gravidarum
 
110. 

correct erm for "whooping cough"

-impetigo

-pertussis

-parotitis

 
pertusis
 
111. 

viral disease characterized by a maculopapular rash that lasts about 24 hours

-roseola infantum

-subella

-rubeola

 
roseola infantum
 
112. 

term that describes the childhood disease commonly known as the mumps

-parotid lymphadentits

-infectious parotitis

-cervical adentits

 
infectious parotitis
 
113. 

what is rationalizing characterized by

-rechanneling unacceptable impulses

-making excuses for unacceptable feelings

-using legal arguements to justify ones feelings

 
????
 
114. 

an effort to overcome real or imagined inadequacies

-displacement

-compensation

-suppresion

 
compensation
 
115. 

term that best describes state of frenzied excitement

-delirium

-hysteria

-mania

 
hysteria
 
116. 

term that best describes an involuntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences

-repression

-suppression

-sublimination

 
repression
 
117. 

reverting to an earlier and more comfortable leverl of development

-sublimination

-retrogression

-regression

 
regression
 
118. 

term that best describes a chronic preoccupation and irrational fear about bodily health

-delusions

-parasomnia

-hypochondriasis

 
hypochondriasis
 
119. 

term that best describes the observable evidence of a persons feelings and emotions

-affect

-anxiety

-apathy

 
affect
 
120. 

what is transferring a feeling or emotion from one object to a substitute

-projection

-compensation

-displacement

 
projection
 
121. 

what is an abnormal and uncontrolled urge to steal

-kleptomania

-pyromania

-antisocial personality

 
kleptomania
 
122. 

what is transferring unacceptaboe thougts or feelings to someone else

-compensation

-projection

-displacement

 
displacement
 
123. 

what are bipolar disorders known as

-cyclothymic

-obsessive compulsive

-manic depressive

 
manic depressive
 
124. 

what is voluntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences called?

-repression

-supression

-sublimination

 
suppression
 
125. 

thickening and hardening of the skin is known as

-lichenification

-hypopigmntation

-psoriasis

 
lichenification
 
126. 

what term describes turning outward of the edge of the eyelid

-ectropion

-entropion

-epitropion

 
ectropion
 
127. 

what is being checked when lightly pinching the skin of the forearm and releasing it

-skin turgor

-circulation

-blanching

 
skin turgor