MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY 2 FINAL

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What is increased intraocular pressure often describes as?
-glaucoma
-myopia
-presbyopia?
GLAUCOMA

What is ts refractive error associated with aging called?
-myopia
-presbyopia
-hyperopia
PRESBYOPIA

What is loss of hearing due to the natural aging process known as?
-presbycusis
-otopresbyosis
-hyperopia
PRESBYCUSIS

What is bacterial infection of an eyelash follicle called?
-chalzion
-hordeolum
-hyphema
HORDEOLUM

Select the condition associated with an obstructed meibomian gland
-hordeolum
-conjunctivitis
-chhalazion
CHALAZION

What might a common ear ache e referred to?
-otitis media
-otalgia
-otosclerosis
OTALGIA

The______is also known as the white of the eyes
-scelra
-conjunctiva
-iris
SCLERA

Which term best describes lens cloudiness or loss of transparency
-cataract
-glaucoma
-presbyopia
CATARACT

What is the inability to establish color called?
-daltonism
-monochromatic
-achromatic vision
ACHROMATIC VISION

Select the term that best describes abnormal dialation of the pupil
-miosis
-mitosis
-mydriasis
MYDRIASIS
What is immobility of the footplate of the stapes called?
-stapitits
-presbyopia
-otosclerosis
OTOSCLEROSIS

Select the term that best describes farsightness
-myopia
-hyperopia
-astigmatism
HYPEROPIA

What is a synonymous term for convergent strabismus
-exotrpia
-intraopia
-esotropia
ESOTROPIA

What is the medical term for swimmers ear
-otitis media
-otitis externa
-otosclerosis
OTITIS EXTERNA

Select the medical term for pink eye
-conjunctivits
-scleritis
-blepharitis
CONJUNCTIVITIS

What is an abnormal ringing or tinkling noise in the ear called?
-tinnitus
-vertigo
-otophone
TINNITUS

What is the inability to distinguish greens from reds?
-monochromatic
-daltonism
-achromatic vision
DALTONISM

Select the term that describes an incision into the eardrum
-myringotomy
-otoplasty
-ototomy
MYRINGOTOMY

Which term is used to identify nearsightedness
-hyperopia
-astigmatism
-myopia
MYOPIA

A collection of clear fluid in the middle ear that may follow acute otitis media or be due to an obstruction of the Eustachian tube is known as:
-labyrinthitis
-serous otitis media
-swimmers ear
SEROUS OTITIS MEDIA

This cystic mass may be a result of chronic otitis media
-choleseatoma
-impacted cerumen
-otoma
CHOLESEATOMA

Which term is associated with abnormal constriction of the pupil
-mydriasis
-miosis
-mitosis
MIOSIS
Select the term that best describes color blindness
-monochromatic
-daltonism
-achromatic vision
MONOCHROMATIC

What is loss of vision due to old age called?
-glaucoma
-hyperopia
-presbyopia
PRESBYOPIA

What is swelling of the optic disc called?
-scleredema
-papilledema
-blepharedema
PAPILLEDEMA

What is a synonymous term for divergent strabismus?
-exotropia
-intraopia
-esotropia
EXOTROPIA

What is inflammation of the glans penis called?
-balanitis
-orchitis
-arthritis
BALANITIS

Which male body fluid includes secretions from the seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and cowpers glands?
-semen
-sperm
-seminal fluid
SEMEN

What term describes an undecided testicle
-phimosis
-cyrptorchidism
-anarchism
CRYPOTORCHIDISM

Which term best describes low sperm count
-anaspermia
-oligospermia
-sterility
OLIGOSPERMIA

Whats tightness of the foreskin of the penis known as?
-hypostasis
-prepuce
-phimosis
PHIMOSIS
Which structure provides the appropriate enviornment for sperm maturation?
-epididymis
-semial vesicle
-scrotum
EPIDIDYMIS
What are cowpers glands also called
-seminal vesicles
-epididymis
-bulb urethral glands
BULBO URETHRAL GLANDS
Select the reproductive structure responsible for production of sperm
-seminal vesicles
-epididymis
-somniferous tubule
SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES
What is non cancerous enlargment of the prostate called
-hyperplasia of the prostate
-benign prostatic hypertrophy
-prostatoma
BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY
What is removal of the part of the prostate through the urethra called
-prostatectomy
-urethrotomy
-transurethral resection
TRANSURETHRAL
Which term best defines the interval between menses and ovulation
-postmenstrual phase
-premenstrual phase
-menstrual phase
POSTMENSTRUAL
What is the presence of single or multiple fluid filled cycts that are palpable in the breast known as
-fibrocystic breast disease
-breast engorment
-nodular breast disease
FIBROCYSTIC BREAST DISEASE
What are the female external genitalia collectively reffered to as
-mons pubis
-introitus
-vulva
MONS PUBIS
what is a herniation or dwnward protrusion of the urinary bladder through the vaginal wall called?
-hysterocele
-femoral hernia
-cystocele
CYSTOCELE
what does the ovulatory phase begin with
-menstrual flow
-rupture of the graafian follicle
-maturation of several ova
RUPTURE OF THE GRAFFIAN FOLLICLE
the term that best describes uterine bleeding that occurs at times other than the menstrual period?
-amenorrhea
-dysmenorrhea
-metrorrhagia
METRORRHAGIA
what is a white or yellowish discharge from the vagina known as
-leukorrhea
-corpus luteum
-cervicitis
LEUKORRHEA
select the term that best describes uterine tissue in an abnormal location
-myometriosis
-endometriosis
-cervicitis
ENDOMETRIOSIS
term that describes abnormally long or very heavy menstrual flow
-menorrahgia
-metrorrhagia
-menometrorrhagia
MENORRHAGIA
which pancreatic diagnosis exhibits symptoms ranging from mild pancreatic edema to massive necrotizing pancreatic hemorrhage?
-acute pancreatitis
-chronic pancreatitis
-pancreatic cancer
ACUTE
what is a simple hyperplasia of the thyroid gland known as
-thyroidosis
-goiter
-conns disease
GOITER
select the eponym associated with hyperthyroidism
-conns disease
-graves disease
-addisons disease
GRAVES
what is another name for thyroid storm
-thyrotoxicosis
-thyroiditis
-conns disease
THYROTOXICOSIS
what is an abnormal outward protrusion of the eyes known as
-graves disease
-hypothyroidism
-exopthalmia
EXOPTHALMIA
what is the condition cause by hypersecretion of the human growth hormone after puberty called
-acromegaly
-goiter
-graves disease
ACROMEGALY
what is an insulin disorder associated with the pancreas known as
-gestational diabetes
-diabetes insipidus
-diabetes mellitus
MELLITUS
what is a vascular tumor of the adrenal gland causing hypertension and heat palpitations
-conns disease
-pheochromocytoma
-cushings syndrome
PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA
what is the most severe form of hypothyroidism in an adult called
-myxedema
-virilism
-conns disease
MYXEDEMA
which term best describes excessive body hair in a male distribution pattern
-hirsuitism
-virilism
-androgynisim
HIRSUITISM
which diagnosis best describes an autoimmune disease that results in a chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland
-conns disease
-graves disease
-hashimotos disease
HASHIMOTO
which type of diabetes is due to a deficiency in the secretion of antidiuretic hormone
-diabetes insipidus
-diabetes mellitus
-gestational diabetes
INSIPIDUS
which term best describes the development of masculine physical traits in a woman
-hirsuitism
-virilism
-androgynism
VIRILISM
renal tubules empty urine into the
-renal pelvis
-renal medulla
-renal cortex
PELVIS
which term best describes the specific filtration structure of the urinary system
-nephron
-renal capsule
-glomerulus
GLOMERULUS
which term best describes an inflammation of the renal pelvis
-calycitis
-pyelonephritis
-nephritis
PYELONEPHRITIS
which term best describes a distention of the renal pelvis and calycees due to urine that cannot exit into the ureters
-hydronephrosis
-polyscystic kidney
-dysuria
HYDRONEPHROSIS
what is the medical term for ureteral stricture
--ureterolysis
-uretrosclerosis
-uretestenosis
URETEOSTENOSIS
what is a term that is synonymous for albuminuria
-pyuria
-proteinuria
-azotemia
PROTEINURIA
where are glomeruli located
-kidney
-renal cortex
-renal tubule
RENAL CORTEX
what is the functional unit of a kidney called
-nephron
-bladder
-renal tubule
nephron
what is shunting the blood so that it may be filtered known as
-hemodialysis
-dialysis
-dwell time
hemodialysis
what is another way of describing renal calculi
--pyelolithiasis
-nephrolithiasis
-pyelocalculus
nephroliathiasis
what is abnormal backflow of urine from the bladder to the ureter called
-hydronephrosis
-wilms tumor
-vesicoureteral refulx
vesicoureteral reflux
select the structure that most closely associates with reabsorption of h2o electrolytes and nutrients
-nephron
-glomerulus
-renal tubule
renal tubule
what is herniation of the urinary bladder into the vagina wall called
-atelectasis
-intussusception
-vesicocele
vesicocele
what is a venous xray accomplished via contrast medium known as
-angiography
-venography
-doppler venous exam
venography
how are most malignant neoplasms classified
-carcinomas
-papillomas
-sarcomas
carcinoma
what are biochemical indicators associated with malignancy called
-tumor markers
-nucleic acid
-oncogenesis
nucelic acid
what is an xray of the major bile ducts following an intravenous injection of a contrast medium called
-cholangiography
-cholangio[ancreatography
-cholecystography
cholangiography
what is cellular maturation and functional definition called
-differentation
-anaplasia
-euplasia
differentation
what is a dermoid cyst an example of
-sarcoma
-carinoma
-mixed tissure tumor
mixed tissue tumor
which term describes a tumor that is enclosed in fibrous or membranous sheaths
-benign
-encapsulated
-in situ
encapsulated
what is a precancerous lesion occuring in the mouth known as
-oral chancre
-oral leukoplakia
-stomatitis
oral leukoplakia
what is another name for angiocardiography
-cardiac catheterization
-heart scan
-echocardiography
cardiac cath
the advanced surgical treatment procedure in which the cancerous tumor is removed in stages
-aspiration biopsy
-conization
-mohs surgery
mohs surgery
what is a basal cell carcinoma the most common malignant tumor of
-connective tissue
-epithelial tissue
-adipose tissue
epithelial tissue
how is detection of renal vein clots and vessel narrowing accomplished?
-renal angiography
-kidney scan
-venography
renal angiography
what are tumors that can be cured by radiation therapy called
-radiocurable
-radiosensitive
-radiolucent
radiocurable
what does grading as related to malignant tumor cells describe
-cellular differentation and growth rate
-cellular necrosis
-cellular invasive activity
differentation and growth rate
from what do sarcomas orginate
-supportive and connective tissue
-epithelial tissue
-adipose tissue
supportive and connective tissue
which diagnostic technque produces electrical rather than chemical images
-xeroradiogaphy
-cineardiography
-echogram
xeroradiography
what is the loss of cellular differentation and reversion to a more primitive form called
-anaplasia
-metastasis
-dysplasia
anaplasia
what is a highly invasive carcinoma associated with sun exposure
-basal cell carcinoma
-malignant melanoma
-squamous cell carcinoma
squamous cell carcinoma
what does staging as it relates to oncology refer to
-extent of disease and tumor size
-cellular necrosis
-cellular invasice activity
extent of disease and tumor size
what is any drug that contains radioactive atoms called
-radiopharamaceutical
-contrast medium
-nuclear medication
radiopharmaceutical
select the term that best describes an xray technique that produces a detailed corss section of tssue structure
-teletherapy
-digital radiography
-computer tomography
computer tomography
what is an apparent change in te frequency of sound or light waves known as
-ultrasonography
-photosonography
--doppler effect
doppler effect
which term accuratly describes internal radiation therapy
-brachytherapy
-teletherapy
-radiography
brachytherapy
term that best describes a diagnostic procedure for studying the structure and motion of the heart
-heart scan
-echocardiography
-angiocardiography
echocardiography
what does visualization of the gallbladder with an iodinated contrast medium describe
-cholecystoscopy
-cholecystography
-choleangiography
CHOLECYSTOGRAPHY
what is the inscion into the perineum to facilatate delivery called
-epidural block
-episiotomy
-perineal enhancement
EPISIOTOMY

what is another phrase for respiratory distress syndrome of the premature infant.
-sudden infant death syndrom
-patent ductus
-hyaline membrane disease
hyaline membrane disease

abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and aorta
-patent ductous
-tetrology
fetal ductus
patent ductus

which term best describes a superficial skin infection characterized by serous vesicles and pustules
-impetigo
-rubelloa
-roseolla
impetigo

which defect is NOT associated with tetralogy of Falot
-pulmonary stenosis
-hypertrophy of R ventricle
-atrial septal defect
ATRIAL SETAL DEFECT

what is strawberry tongue a characteristic of?
-rubeola
-roseola
-scarlatina
scarlatina

what is enzyme deficiency that alters lipid metabolism called
-tay sachs disease
-hyaline membrane disease
-phenylketonuria
tay sachs disease

most sever form of pregnancy induced hypertension
-preeclampsia
-gestational hypertension
-eclampsia
eclampsia

disease characterized by kopliks spots?
-rubella
-roseola
-rubeola
rubeola

dilation of cervical os prior to uterine contractions
-incompetent cervix
-cercage
-placenta previa
incompetent cervix

current jelly stool combined with severe abdominal pain and omiting
-esophogeal atresia
-gastric reflux
-intussusception
intussusception

medical term that describes the fertilized ovum prior to the 9th week of pregnancy
-fetus
-gamete
-embryo
embryo

severe vominiting that continues into the 2nd trimester
-hyperemesis gravidarum
-morning sickness
-dystocia
hyperemesis gravidarum

correct erm for "whooping cough"
-impetigo
-pertussis
-parotitis
pertusis

viral disease characterized by a maculopapular rash that lasts about 24 hours
-roseola infantum
-subella
-rubeola
roseola infantum

term that describes the childhood disease commonly known as the mumps
-parotid lymphadentits
-infectious parotitis
-cervical adentits
infectious parotitis

what is rationalizing characterized by
-rechanneling unacceptable impulses
-making excuses for unacceptable feelings
-using legal arguements to justify ones feelings
????

an effort to overcome real or imagined inadequacies
-displacement
-compensation
-suppresion
compensation

term that best describes state of frenzied excitement
-delirium
-hysteria
-mania
hysteria

term that best describes an involuntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences
-repression
-suppression
-sublimination
repression

reverting to an earlier and more comfortable leverl of development
-sublimination
-retrogression
-regression
regression

term that best describes a chronic preoccupation and irrational fear about bodily health
-delusions
-parasomnia
-hypochondriasis
hypochondriasis

term that best describes the observable evidence of a persons feelings and emotions
-affect
-anxiety
-apathy
affect

what is transferring a feeling or emotion from one object to a substitute
-projection
-compensation
-displacement
projection

what is an abnormal and uncontrolled urge to steal
-kleptomania
-pyromania
-antisocial personality
kleptomania

what is transferring unacceptaboe thougts or feelings to someone else
-compensation
-projection
-displacement
displacement

what are bipolar disorders known as
-cyclothymic
-obsessive compulsive
-manic depressive
manic depressive

what is voluntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences called?
-repression
-supression
-sublimination
suppression

thickening and hardening of the skin is known as
-lichenification
-hypopigmntation
-psoriasis
lichenification

what term describes turning outward of the edge of the eyelid
-ectropion
-entropion
-epitropion
ectropion

what is being checked when lightly pinching the skin of the forearm and releasing it
-skin turgor
-circulation
-blanching
skin turgor
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