Intercultural Communication

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  • 6 Imperatives for Studying Intercultural Communication
1. peace imperative
2. economic imperative
3. technology imperative
4. demographic imperative
5.self- awareness imperative
6. Ethics imperative
4 building Blocks of Studying Intercultural Communication
1. Culture
2. Communication
3. Context
4. Power
6 factors of Culture
1. learned
2. perceptions and values
3. involves feelings
4. expressed
5. Dynamic and heterogeneous
6. Shared
4 barriers to studying intercultural communication
1. ethnocentrism
2. Discrimination
3. prejudice
4. stereotyping
political, intellectual, social histories
political histories- documented
intellectual- transmission and development of ideas
social- everyday occurrences
Family Histories
Occur at same time as other histories
    • Personal level
    • Passed orally
Hidden histories can be revealed through DNA testing
National Histories
Based on past events and figures important to that nation
    • Solidifies sense of nationhood
    • U.S. students rarely learn about histories of other nations
cultural group history
  • History of cultural group within a nation
  • Includes where group originated, why ppl migrated, development of cultural traits
"grand narrative"
only one way of looking at past
7 non mainstream histories
      1. 1. Religious
      2. 2. Gender
      3. 3.Sexual orientation
      4. 4. Racial and ethnic
      5. 5. Diasporic- ways in which international culture groups were created through transnational migrations, slavery, religious crusades and other historical forces
      6. 6. Colonial-
      7. 7. Socioeconomic class
6 elements of the definition "identity"
1. created through communication
2. created in spurts
3. multiple
4. influenced by society
5. dynamic
6. different ways in different cultures

u- curve theory
1. excitement
2. culture shock
3. Adaptation
4 components of language
1. phonology
2. semantics
3. syntactics
4. pragmatic
5 functions of language
1. give information- ex: assignment explanation
2. control other's behavior- ex: persuasive
3. communicate feelings- ex: "i love you"
4. Participating in rituals- ex: prayer
5. Execute plans- ex: meeting deligation

Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis the language we speak determines our perception of reality

ex: native American languages- no possessive, Spanish formality
high context
understanding messages without direct verbal statement
ex: Japan
low context
explicit verbal statements "mean what you say"
ex: America

bilingualism- speaking 2 languages

multilingualism- speaking more than two languages
translation producing a written text from something said
- source text- original
-target text- translated text
verbally expressing what is said or written in another language

phonology study of the sound system of language

How words are pronounced
semantics study of the meaning of language

sytactics study of the structure of language
pragmatics study of how language is used in the context

5 functions of language