Trees- Identification

Total Flash Cards » 199
 
1. 

What is this?

 

Liquidambar Styractiflua
SweetGum Tree

 
2. 

What is this?

 

Juniperus Virginiana
Eastern Red Cedar

 
3. 

What is this?

 

Juniperus Virginiana
Eastern Red Cedar

 
4. 

What is this?

 

Liquidambar Styractiflua
SweetGum Tree

 
5. 

What is this?

 

Liriodendron Tuolpifera
Yellow-Poplar

 
6. 

What is this?

 

Liriodendron Tuolpifera
Yellow-Poplar

 
7. 

What is this?

 

Quercus Macrocarpa
Bur Oak

 
8. 

Some expert believe that the extinct Giant Sloth fed on the fruits of this tree. Others believe that a prehistoric species of horse did. Still others are not sure what animal did. But all experts agree that SOME animals once fed on its fruits. Today, no animal does.

 

Maclura pomifera
Osage-orange

 
9. 

This tree was once popular with ranchers. It is fast growing, grows close together, and has lots of thorns. It was often plants as a hedge, around pastures before the invention of barbed wire.

 

Maclura pomifera
Osage-orange

 
10. 

What is this?

 

Maclura pomifera
Osage-orange

 
11. 

What is this?

 

Maclura pomifera
Osage-orange

 
12. 

Oaks, cedars and Beech trees are all part of which tree family?

 

Fagaceae

 
13. 

What is this?

 

Quercus prinus
Pin Oak

 
14. 

This is the bark of what kind (genus) of tree?

 

Quercus
Oak

 
15. 

Oak is generally a very popular hard wood used in furniture and woodworking. This particular oak however is not popular for timber. It's wood is considered weak, poor quality with too many knots.

 

Quercus prinus
Pin Oak

 
16. 

What is this?

 

Quercus Velutina
Black Oak

 
17. 

What is this?

 

Quercus Alba
White Oak

 
18. 

What is the state tree of Illinois?

* Bonus- When was the year that the state tree was chosen?

**Extra bonus - Why are TWO dates acceptable as the answer to the first bonus question??

 

Quercus Alba
White Oak

1908 or 1973

In 1908 the "Native Oak" was named by law as the state tree. However the law did not specify which of Illinois' 20 native oaks was the state oak. So in 1973 the law was amended to name Quercus Alba.

 
19. 

What is this?

 

Castanea dentata
American Chestnut

 
20. 

Over 3 billion of these trees were decimated by a Asian bark fungus in the early 20th century. The species persists but has never fully recovered. Name the tree AND the fungus.

 

Castanea dentata
American Chestnut

Chestnut blight.

 
21. 

What is this?

 

Castanea dentata
American Chestnut

 
22. 

What is this?

 

Populus tremuloides
Quaking Aspen

 
23. 

What is this?

 

Populous grandidentata
Bigtooth or Largetooth Aspen

 
24. 

What is this?

 

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras

 
25. 

The extract of this tree is the main ingredient in Root beer

 

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras

 
26. 

This is the state tree of South Carolina

 

Sabal palmetto
Cabbage Palm

 
27. 

Why is Sabal palmetto called the "Cabbage Palm"?

 

It's leaf bud is edible and is sold as "Hearts of Palm".

 
28. 

From Wikipedia:
" a patch-forming (clonal) understory tree found in well-drained, deep, fertile bottom-land and hilly upland habitat, with large, simple leaves and large fruits, the largest edible fruit indigenous to the United States"

What is it?

 

Asimina Triloba
Pawpaw

 
29. 

What is it?

 

Asimina Triloba
Pawpaw

 
30. 

What is it?

 

Magnolia Grandiflora
Southern Magnolia

 
31. 

What is it?

 

Magnolia macrophylla
Bigleaf Magnolia

 
32. 

A tea made from the inner bark of this tree is soothing to the throat and stomach.

 

Ulmus rubra
Slippery Elm

 
33. 

What is it?

 

Ulmus rubra
Slippery Elm

 
34. 

What is it?

 

Ulmus rubra
Slippery Elm

 
35. 

Two of the same KINDS of trees are in this picture, but they are different species. What kind of trees? Can you identify the species?

 

on the left- Ulmus rubra/Slippery Elm
on the right - Ulmus Americana/American Elm

 
36. 

What disease kills most of this country's Elm trees?

 

Dutch Elm Disease

 
37. 

What is it? (Genus)?

 

Ulmus Americana
American Elm

 
38. 

What is it?

 

Celtis Occidentalis
Hackberry

 
39. 

What is it?

 

Betula alleghaniensis
Yellow Birch

 
40. 

What kind (genus) of bark is this (xtra points for the species!)?

 

Betula lenta
Sweet Birch

 
41. 

If you scrape the twigs of this tree there is a strong scent of wintergreen. The oil was once marketed as wintergreen oil.

 

Betula lenta
Sweet Birch

 
42. 

What is it?

 

Betula lenta
Sweet Birch

 
43. 

The _________tree should never be planted next to the __________tree since the former secretes a substance called _______ which is particularly toxic to latter.

 

Juglans Nigra
Black Walnut

Betula papyrifera
Paper Birch

juglone

 
44. 

What is it?

 

Betula papyrifera
Paper Birch

 
45. 

What is it?

 

Betula papyrifera
Paper Birch

 
46. 

What is it?

 

Ostrya virginiana
Eastern Hophornbeam

 
47. 

What is is?

 

Carpinus Carolininana
American Hornbeam

 
48. 

What is it? (Blue gray smooth bark in young trees; becomes furrowed in older trees

 

Carpinus caroliniana
American Hornbeam

 
49. 

What is it?

 

Betula populifolia
Gray Birch

 
50. 

Many birch trees are highly susceptible to the Bronze Birch Borer. This birch tree does not mind them at all!

 

Betula populifolia
Gray Birch

 
51. 

What is it?

 

Betula occidentalis
Water Birch

 
52. 

This tree was once used by some Indian tribes to treat pimples.

 

Betula occidentalis
Water Birch

 
53. 

What is it?

 

Tsuga Canadensis
Eastern Hemlock

 
54. 

The fuzzy bugs on this tree are the hemlock woolly adelgid.
So the species of hemlock shown here must be the ....?

 

Tsuga Canadensis
Eastern Hemlock

 
55. 

Genus of Bark? Xtra credit for the species!

 

Tsuga Canadensis
Eastern Hemlock

 
56. 

What is it?

 

Juglans nigra
Black Walnut

 
57. 

What is it?

 

Juglans nigra
Black Walnut

 
58. 

What is it?

 

Juglans Cinerea
Butternut

 
59. 

The wood of this tree is extremely valuable for everything from furniture to gunstocks. Poaching of this plant is a serious crime. In 2004, walnut poachers were arrested on the basis of DNA evidence.

 

Juglans nigra
Black Walnut

 
60. 

What is it?

 

Carya ovata
Shagbark Hickory

 
61. 

What is it

 

Carya ovata
Shagbark Hickory

 
62. 

What is it?

 

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

 
63. 

What is it?

 

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

 
64. 

What is it?

 

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

 
65. 

This is the state tree of Texas

 

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

 
66. 

What is it?

 

Carya Glabra
Pignut Hickory

 
67. 

What is it?

 

Carya Glabra
Pignut Hickory

 
68. 

You can distinguish this hickory tree from all the others, because it's winter buds are a bright yellow. The nuts taste TERRIBLE!

 

Carya cordiformis
Bitternut Hickory

 
69. 

What is it?

 

Carya cordiformis
Bitternut Hickory

 
70. 

What is it?

 

Carya cordiformis
Bitternut Hickory

 
71. 

What is it?

 

Salix bebbiana
Bebb Willow

 
72. 

What is it?

 

Salix bebbiana
Bebb Willow

 
73. 

What is it?

 

Populus Deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood

 
74. 

What is it?

 

Populus Deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood

 
75. 

What is it?

 

Populus Deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood

 
76. 

What is it?

 

Populus balsamifera
Balsam Poplar

 
77. 

A healing compound called the "Balm of Gilead" is derived from this tree.

 

Populus balsamifera
Balsam Poplar

 
78. 

What is it?

 

Thuja Occidentalis
Northern White Cedar

 
79. 

What is it?

 

Thuja Occidentalis
Northern White Cedar

 
80. 

So you want to build a birch bark canoe using traditional materials. The proper tree to use for the skin is the ___________. The proper tree to use for the ribs of the canoe is the ________. To make it waterproof use the resin (sap) of any kind of _______ or ______ you have handy.

 

Betula papyrifera
Paper Birch

Thuja Occidentalis
Northern White Cedar

pine
spruce

 
81. 

Often used frame the insides of closets because moths hate this wood

 

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern Red Cedar

 
82. 

What is it?

 

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern Red Cedar

 
83. 

What is it?

 

Picea mariana
Black Spruce

 
84. 

What is it?

 

Picea mariana
Black Spruce

 
85. 

what is it?

 

Picea rubens
Red Spruce

 
86. 

What is it? (hint: Curved cones)

 

Pinus banksiana
Jack Pine

 
87. 

what is this?

 

Pinus banksiana
Jack Pine

 
88. 

What is this?

 

Pinus resinosa
Red Pine

 
89. 

The state tree of Minnesota

 

Pinus resinosa
Red Pine

 
90. 

What is this?

 

Pinus resinosa
Red Pine

 
91. 

What is it?

 

Pinus strobus
Eastern White Pine

 
92. 

What is it?

 

Pinus strobus
Eastern White Pine

 
93. 

What is it?

 

Pinus strobus
Eastern White Pine

 
94. 

What is it?

 

Pinus taeda
Loblolly Pine

 
95. 

What is it?

 

Pinus taeda
Loblolly Pine

 
96. 

What is it?

 

Pinus rigida
Pitch Pine

 
97. 

What is it?

 

Pinus rigida
Pitch Pine

 
98. 

The first 5-12 years of the life of this tree is spent in a "grass" stage. It looks like a tuft of grass on the ground

 

Pinus palustris
Longleaf Pine

 
99. 

What is it?

 

Pinus palustris
Longleaf Pine

 
100. 

What is it?

 

Pinus echinata
Shortleaf Pine

 
101. 

What is it?

 

Pinus echinata
Shortleaf Pine

 
102. 

What is it?

 

Larix laricina
Tamarack

 
103. 

What is it?

 

Larix laricina
Tamarack

 
104. 

This coniferous tree is also deciduous.

 

Larix laricina
Tamarack

 
105. 

What is it?

 

Abies balsamea
Balsam Fir

 
106. 

This oak is know to produce the sweetest acorns

 

Quercus muhlenbergii
Chinkapin Oak

 
107. 

What is it?

 

Quercus muhlenbergii
Chinkapin Oak

 
108. 

What is it?

 

Fraxinus americana
White Ash

 
109. 

What is it?

 

sambucus canadensis
American Elder (Elderberry)

 
110. 

From wikipedia:
"Uses for the fruit include medicinal products,wine, jelly and dye. Leaves and inner bark can be used as an insecticide and a dye. Stems can be hollowed out and used for spouts, musical instruments, and toys."

 

sambucus canadensis
American Elder (Elderberry)

 
111. 

State tree of Ohio

 

Aesculus Glabra
Ohio Buckeye

 
112. 

What is it?

 

Aesculus Glabra
Ohio Buckeye

 
113. 

What is it?

 

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
toothache tree

 
114. 

What is it?

 

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
toothache tree

 
115. 

What is it?

 

Diospyros virginiana
Common Persimmon

 
116. 

This tree was orginally from China and is considered one of the fastest growing trees in North America

 

Ailanthus altissima
Alilanthus-Tree of Heaven

 
117. 

What is this?

 

Ailanthus altissima
Alilanthus-Tree of Heaven

 
118. 

Soaking the flower buds or "drupes" of this plant in water produces "Indian lemonade" or "rhus juice", a popular native American drink.

 

Rhus glabra
Smooth Sumac

 
119. 

What is this?

 

Rhus glabra
Smooth Sumac

 
120. 

What is the most noticeble difference between Catalpa Bignooniodes and Catalpa speciosa?

 

Catalpa speciosa or Northern catalpa sports a smaller number of larger flowers its is panticle (blossom cluster). The seed pods of Northern catalpa are also wider.

 
121. 

What is this?

 

Catalpa speciosa
Northern catalpa

 
122. 

What is this?

 

Catalpa bignioides
Southern Catalpa

 
123. 

What the GENUS ONLY of this tree? (Because it is almost impossible to discern the species here from just the leaf).

 

Catalpa

 
124. 

What is it?

 

Hamamelis virginiana
Witch-Hazel

 
125. 

What is it?

 

Hamamelis virginiana
Witch-Hazel

 
126. 

What is it?

 

Platanus occidentalis
Sycamore

 
127. 

What is it?

 

Platanus occidentalis
Sycamore

 
128. 

What is it?

 

Tilia americana
American Basswood

 
129. 

What is it?

 

Tilia americana
American Basswood

 
130. 

Also known as Indian Arrowwood, Cornelian Tree, White Cornel, False Box, and False Boxwood

 

Cornus florida
Flowering Dogwood

 
131. 

What is it?

 

Cornus florida
Flowering Dogwood

 
132. 

What is it?

 

Cornus florida
Flowering Dogwood

 
133. 

Most trees of the Aceraceae or Maple family are highly valued in woodworking for their fine, hard, close-grained timber. This is NOT one of them!

 

Acer Negundo
Box Elder

 
134. 

What is it?

 

Acer Negundo
Box Elder

 
135. 

The State tree of Rhode Island

 

Acer rubrum
Red Maple

 
136. 

The leaves of this tree are very beautiful in the fall, unless you are a horse. Fresh or dry, the leaves are extremely toxic to horses.

 

Acer rubrum
Red Maple

 
137. 

What is it?

 

Acer rubrum
Red Maple

 
138. 

What is it?

 

Acer saccharinum
Silver Maple

 
139. 

What is it?

 

Acer saccharinum
Silver Maple

 
140. 

The primary source of maple syrup

 

Acer saccharum
Sugar Maple

 
141. 

What is it?

 

Acer saccharum
Sugar Maple

 
142. 

What is the genus?

 

Acer
Maple

 
143. 

Native Americans used the leaves and stems to brew a tea, commonly thought to be called asi or black drink for male-only purification and unity rituals

 

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon

 
144. 

What is it?

 

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon

 
145. 

What is it?

 

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon

 
146. 

Deck the Halls with boughs of this.

 

Ilex opaca
American Holly

 
147. 

What is it?

 

Ilex opaca
American Holly

 
148. 

What is it?

 

Nyssa sylvatica
Black Tupelo

 
149. 

From Wikipedia:
Its flowers are an important source of honey and its fruits are important to many bird species. Hollow trunks provide nesting or denning opportunities for bees and various mammals. It is longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America, capable of obtaining ages of over 650 years

 

Nyssa sylvatica
Black Tupelo

 
150. 

Ya know Oberweis dairy in Schaumburg? This tree can be found growing right next to it, offering a free and better-tasting dessert in the spring.

 

Amelanchier alnifolia
Western Serviceberry

 
151. 

What is it?

 

Amelanchier alnifolia
Western Serviceberry

 
152. 

What is it?

 

Amelanchier alnifolia
Western Serviceberry

 
153. 

What is it?

 

Crataegus pruinosa
Frosted Hawthorn

 
154. 

What is it?

 

Crataegus pruinosa
Frosted Hawthorn

 
155. 

What is it?

 

Prunus americana
American Plum

 
156. 

What is it?

 

Prunus pensylvanica
Pin Cherry

 
157. 

What is it?

 

Prunus pensylvanica
Pin Cherry

 
158. 

If you purchase cherry lumber from Home Depot or any other lumber source in America, it will be this tree.

 

Prunus serotina
Black Cherry

 
159. 

Looks a lot like Chokecherry. But it is taller and the leaves are glossier.

 

Prunus serotina
Black Cherry

 
160. 

What is it?

 

Prunus serotina
Black Cherry

 
161. 

What is it?

 

Prunus serotina
Black Cherry

 
162. 

"In 2007, Governor John Hoeven signed a bill naming the ______________ the official fruit of the state of North Dakota"

 

Prunus virginiana
Common Chokecherry

 
163. 

What is it?

 

Prunus virginiana
Common Chokecherry

 
164. 

From Wikipedia:
_______ is toxic to horses, and moose, cattle, goats, deer, and other animals with segmented stomachs (rumens), especially after the leaves have wilted "

 

Prunus virginiana
Common Chokecherry

 
165. 

What is it?

 

Prunus virginiana
Common Chokecherry

 
166. 

What is it?

 

Sorbus americana
American Mountain-Ash

 
167. 

What is it?

 

Sorbus americana
American Mountain-Ash

 
168. 

Often called "needle bush" for its numerous thorns

 

Acacia farnesiana
Huisache (Sweet Acacia)

 
169. 

What is it?

 

Acacia farnesiana
Huisache (Sweet Acacia)

 
170. 

Distilling the flowers produces a very popular perfume known as "Cassie".

 

Acacia farnesiana
Huisache (Sweet Acacia)

 
171. 

What is it?

 

Acacia farnesiana
Huisache (Sweet Acacia)

 
172. 

Also known as the "Judas Tree"

 

Cercis canadensis
Eastern Redbud

 
173. 

What is it?

 

Cercis canadensis
Eastern Redbud

 
174. 

What is it? (Note the light spots up and down the branches)

 

Cercis canadensis
Eastern Redbud

 
175. 

This tree not only produces an extremely hard, high quality wood for carpentry. It's thorns are so durable that in the past its thorns were actually used as nails!

 

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey Locust

 
176. 

What is it?

 

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey Locust

 
177. 

What is it?

 

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey Locust

 
178. 

What is it?

 

Gymnocladus dioicus
Kentucky Coffeetree

 
179. 

What is it?

 

Gymnocladus dioicus
Kentucky Coffeetree

 
180. 

From Wikipedia:
"known as haas (pronounced [ʔaːs]) by the Seri people of northwestern Mexico, was very important for food and nonfood uses"

 

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey Mesquite

 
181. 

What is it?

 

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey Mesquite

 
182. 

What is it?

 

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey Mesquite

 
183. 

What is it?

 

Robinia pseudoacacia
Black Locust

 
184. 

What is it?

 

Robinia pseudoacacia
Black Locust

 
185. 

Most people think the Passenger Pidgeon was made extinct through hunting. However a major contributing factor was the clearing of this tree, whose nuts were one of its major food sources.

 

Fagus grandifolia
American Beech

 
186. 

What is it?

 

Fagus grandifolia
American Beech

 
187. 

What is it?

 

Fagus grandifolia
American Beech

 
188. 

What is it?

 

Quercus bicolor
Swamp White Oak

 
189. 

What is it?

 

Quercus bicolor
Swamp White Oak

 
190. 

No question here. Just including this good picture of oak leaves for reference!

 

Here

 
191. 

What is it?

 

Quercus falcata
Southern Red Oak

 
192. 

What is it?

 

Quercus imbricaria
Shingle Oak

 
193. 

What is it?

 

Quercus virginiana
Live Oak

 
194. 

What is it?

 

Quercus Rubra
Norther Red Oak

 
195. 

This oak is unusual in that it is an evergreen,

 

Quercus virginiana
Live Oak

 
196. 

What is it?

 

Quercus prinus
Chestnut Oak

 
197. 

This tree has existed virtually unchanged for 270 million years

 

Ginkgo biloba
Ginkgo

 
198. 

What is it?

 

Ginkgo biloba
Ginkgo

 
199. 

This is the most common tree in Illinois

 

Ulmus rubra
Slippery Elm