History 1302 - Exam 2 - Ch 25

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1. 
What did the moving assembly line emphasize?
 
uniformity, speed, precision, and coordination
 
2. 
What happened to the price of the Model T in the 1920s?
 
decreased (from $950 to $290)
 
3. 
What happened to the American standard of living by the 1920s? What was the cause?
 
increased and became highest in the world. technology.
 
4. 
What happened to production per worker hour by the 1920s?
 
increased amazing 75%
 
5. 
What industry became the nation's largest in the 20s?
 
automobile
 
6. 
What other industries did the automobile industry help?
 
steel, rubber, paint, glass
 
7. 
What other industries did well in the 20s?
 
electrical, radio, film, corporations, advertising
 
8. 
What industries did poorly during the 20s?
 
railroads, coal, cotton textiles
 
9. 
What sector of the economy was hit hardest of all during the 20s?
 
agriculture
 
10. 
According to your textbook, what contributed to economic instability during the 20s?
 
Unequal distribution of wealth, growth of consumer debt, saturation of the market for cars and appliances, and rampant speculation
 
11. 
What happened to cities during the 20's?
 
grew rapidly (seeking jobs in new consumer industries)
 
12. 
What was life like for women during the 20s?
 
won the right to vote, feminist movements for humanitarian reform, equal rights, individual expression "flappers", drop in birthrate
 
13. 
What was the Sheppard-Towner Act of 1921?
 
provided federal aid to establish state programs for maternal and infant health care
 
14. 
How did young women rebel during the 20s?
 
flappers.
short hair, skirts above knee, binding breasts
set out to compete on equal terms with men on golf course and in speakeasy
assaulted traditional double standard in sex - equality with men should include sexual fulfillment before and during marriage
 
15. 
What were some fo the most distinct features of the "roaring twenties?"
 
sports, prohibition, bootleggers, speakeasies, bathtub gin, crime - organized (shoot-outs) and regular Americans broke law to get alcohol, "ballyhoo years" - Lindbergh's solo flight across Atlantic, Gertrude Ederle's swim across English Channel, six-day bicycle races, dance marathons, flagpole sittings, sexual revolution
 
16. 
What flourished during the "Harlem Renaissance?" Cite examples.
 
art, music, poetry.

plays and concerts, floor shows at Happy Rhones's nightclub, rent parties (jazz musicians help raised money for writers, artists to pay bills)
 
17. 
What was the "Red Scare?"
 
intense outbreak of national alarm concerning the spread of communism
 
18. 
How did Americans react to the supposed growing threat of communism?
 
frightened them, work strikes and bombs.
federal agents seized suspected anarchists and communists and held them for deportation with no regard for due process of law. Americans approved and urged more drastic steps. "S.O.S -- ship or shoot"
 
19. 
How did the Red Scare end?
 
extremism of the Red Scare led to its rapid demise.
Attorney General Mitchell Palmer warned of attack on NYC on May 1st. 11,000 police on duty. Nothing happened. public began to react against Palmer.
 
20. 
Who was Sacco and Vanzetti and what happened to them?
 
Italian aliens in Mass. arrested for payroll robbery and murder. condemned for their ideas rather than evidence of criminal conduct. sent to electric chair.
 
21. 
What was the Volstead Act?
 
implemented prohibition, banned most commercial production and distribution of beverages. (except medicinal and religious uses)
 
22. 
How did Prohibition damage American society?
 
breeding a profound disrespect for the law. bootleggers. police openly tolerated, judges and prosecutors agreed to let bootleggers pay token fines
 
23. 
Who founded the modern Ku Klux Klan and what did its members seek? Who did they hate?
 
Col William J. Simmons. seeking to relieve their anxiety over a changing society. hated blacks, aliens (Italian and Russian), Jews, Catholics
 
24. 
What was much of the tension in society attributed to, according to the Klan?
 
prewar flood of immigrants, foreigners who spoke different languages, worshiped in strange churches, and lived in distant threatening cities.
 
25. 
What state legislatures did they control?
 
Texas, Oklahoma, Oregon, and Indiana
 
26. 
What violent activities were the Klan involved in?
 
kidnapping, lynching, setting fire to synagogues and Catholic churches (one case murdering a priest)
 
27. 
Why did the Klan decline?
 
misuse of funds and sexual scandals among Klan leaders, notably in Indiana, repelled many of the rank and file; effective counterattacks by traditional politicians ousted KKK from control in TX and OK. membership sharply declined after 1925; by end of decade virtually disappeared.
 
28. 
What was the National Origins Quota Act?
 
limited immigration from Europe to 150,000 a year; most slots to Great Britain, Ireland, Germany, Scandinavia. banned all Asians.
 
29. 
Who were the major players in the Scopes "monkey" trial?
 
William Jennings Bryan (crusade against theory of evolution) and John Scopes (high school teacher who taught Darwin's theory which violated new Tennessee law)
 
30. 
What did President Calvin Coolidge believe his duty was?
 
preside benignly, not govern the nation
 
31. 
How did Herbert Hoover view the relationship between business and government?
 
sought cooperation. saw them as partners, working together to achieve efficiency and affluence for all Americans.