HBSE MSW Final 2010

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Which of the following is true regarding Alzheimer's?
A. Pneumonia is the most frequent cause of death for it's victimsB. Having one or more of the genes linked to the disease means you will develop itC. The disease destroys brain cells in as few as 2 yearsD. People with autism who survive into their 30's frequently develop symptoms indistinguishable from it
Pneumonia is the most frequent cause of death for it's victims
___ Involves clouding of the lens of the eye or of its capsule that obstructs the passage of light
a. Glaucomab. Cataractc. Macular degeneration
Cataract
Regarding sleep patterns, all of the following are true except: a. Older people generally fall asleep easier than those in middle adulthoodb. Older people in fairly good health require no more sleep than do those in middle adulthoodc. Deep sleep virtually disappears for older peopled. Catnaps are normal for older people Older people generally fall asleep easier than those in middle adulthood
One theory asserts that aging is due to death of cells after long use and exposure to stressful elements during the process of living. THis assertion is called:a. deprivation theoryb. accumulation theoryc. wear-and-tear theoryd. error theory wear-and-tear theory
Aging aspects of sexual response in females include:a. Lubrication occurs more rapidlyb. Amount of lubrication increasesc. Clitoris may become smallerd. All of the above
Clitoris may become smaller
Infusion and Associates studied forty centenarians in Italy and found they:a. tended to be vegeratiansb. tended to eat a lot of red meatc. continued to feel important and valued in their cultured. tended to be depressed continued to feel important and valued in their culture
Factors that apparently accelerate the aging process include:a. Having a serious long-term illnessb. Having a severe impairmentc. Severe psychological stressd. All of the aboveE. None All of the above
The leading cause of death among old people is:a. cancerb. diseases of the heartc. pneumonia and influenzad. suicide diseases of the heart
Gerontologists have labeled people aged 75 and above as:a. old-oldb. mid-oldc. decrepitd. anciente. Really old Old-old
What is the life expectancy for Americans? a. 78b. 84c. 88d. 94 78
All of the following are recommendations for the social reconstruction syndrome except:a. Our society should liberate old people from unrealistic standards and expectationsb. Older people should be provided with the social services they need to lead a life of qualityc. Creative ways should be found to give older people more control over their livesd. Mandatory retirement laws should be changed to 70 years of age Mandatory retirement laws should be changed to 70 years of age
The Westberg model of the grieving process includse all of the following stages except:a. Shock and denialb. ANgerc. BargainingD. Illness Bargaining
This religion originated in India about 2500 years agoa. Judaismb. Buddhismc. Christianityd. Islam Buddhism
The following is true about grieving:a. Nearly all of us are currently grieving about some loss that we have hadb. Grieving over a serious loss should end within a yearc. Crying is an unacceptable expression of griefd. All of the above are true Nearly all of us are currently grieving about some loss that we have had
The activity theory asserts that:a. The sexual response can be maintained in later adulthood by being sexually activeb. The community withdraws from older peoplec. Employers force old people to retired. Society has unrealistic expectations that all adults should work and be productive The sexual response can be maintained in later adulthood by being sexually active
The Kubler-ROss Model of the grieving process contains all of the following stages except:a. Denialb. Rage and Angerc. GuiltD. Bargaining Guilt
THe following is true about disengagement theory:a. Disengagement is a process whereby people respond to aging by gradually withdrawing from the various roles and social relationships they occupied in middle ageb. Community disengagement is the process in which society withdraws from older peoplec. Some authorities claim disengagement is functional for old people, as they are thought to be gradually losing their energy and vitality to sustain all the roles and social relationships held in younger yearsd. all of the above All of the above
This type of grandparent assumes considerable caretaking responsibilities usually because the parents are working or because the mother is single and workinga. Surrogate parentb. Distant figurec. Fun Seekerd. Reservoir of family wisdome. Formal Figure Surrogate parent
The holiest day in Judaism isa. Rosh Hashanahb. Yum Kippurc. Hanukkahd. Pesach Yum Kippur
A ___ is a document in which the signer asks to be allowed to die rather than be kept alive by artificial means if disabled and there is no reasonable expectation of recoverya. codicilb. living willc. power of attorneyd. guardian ad litem living will
The following is true about death:a. Death of a loved one is easier to adjust to if it is unexpectedb. Funerals are more important for the dead person than for survivorsc. Funerals serve as a function of demonstrating that the person is deadd. Children should be sheltered from death Funerals serve as a function of demonstrating that the person is dead
The following is true about older people:a. Like earlier societies, our society has tended to place a high value on the knowledge possessed by older people.b. THe vast majority of older people in our society own considerable land and are viewed as having salable laborc. Industrialization and the growth of modern society have robbed older people of a high status in our societyd. Older people are still the primary owners of property in our society Industrialization and the growth of modern society have robbed older people of a high status in our society
The following is true about social work and religion:a. Social work has its historical roots in religious organizationsb. SOcial workers do not need to be trained for effective practice with religiously oriented clients.c. Social workers do not need to have an appreciation and respect for religious beliefs that differ from their own chosen beliefsd. Christianity has long asserted that people do not have a moral responsibility for social service Social work has its historical roots in religious organizations
According to Erikson, the following is true about older people who achieve integrity:a., Integrity refers to an ability to accept the facts of one's life and to face death without great fearb. INtegrity is an integration of one's sense of past history with one's present circumstances, and a feeling of being content with the outcomec. Older people with integrity accept all the events that have happened to them without trying to deny some unpleasant facts or overemphasize othersd. All of the above are true All of the above are true.
Followers of this religion are known as Muslims or Moslems:a. Judaismb. Buddhismc. CHristianityd. Islam Islam
In regard to elder abuse, the abuser is most likely to be:a. A child of the victimb. the spouse of the victimc. A neighbord. A friend the spouse of the victim
Single-family residences where the owners of the home take in an unrelated older adult and are reimbursed for providing housing, meals, housekeeping and personal care are called: a. COngregate housing facilitiesb. Group homesc. Assisted Living facilitiesd. Continued care retirement communitiese. Foster care homes Foster Care Homes
In this program, the federal government makes monthly payments to people in financial need who are sixty-five years of age or older or to persons of any age who are legally blind or disabled:a. Older Americans Act of 1965b. Medicaidc. SUpplemental Security Income (SSI)d. Medicaree. old AGe, SUrvivors, Disability and Health INsurance (OASDI) Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
THis program helps older people pay for health care and has two parts: Hospital insurance (Part A) and SUpplemental Medical Insurance (Part B):a. Older Americans Act of 1965b. Medicaidc. SUpplemental Security Income (SSI)d. Medicaree. old AGe, SUrvivors, Disability and Health INsurance (OASDI) Medicare
This program created the Administration on Aging and is the basis for financial aid by the Federal GOvernment to assist states and local communities to meet the needs of older people:a. Older Americans Act of 1965b. Medicaidc. SUpplemental Security Income (SSI)d. Medicaree. old AGe, SUrvivors, Disability and Health INsurance (OASDI) Older Americans Act of 1965
Reasons for the increasing proportion of older people in our society include:a. An increased life expectancy in the past several decadesb. A decline in the birthrate in the past few decadesc. Advances in sanitation and medical cared. ALl of the above are true All of the above are true.
The following is true about hospices:a. THey do not serve patients in hospitalsb. THey do not give pain relievers to patientsc. They try to keep people alive as long as possibled. They provide a variety of services, including respite care They provide a variety of services, including respite care
All of the following factors have been identified as predicting high status for older people in a culture except:a. Older persons are recognized as having valuable knowledgeb. Older persons control key family and community resourcesc. The nuclear family is the predominant family arrangementd. THe culture is more collectivist than individualistic The nuclear family is the predominant family arrangement
The ____ promotes active voluntary euthanasia:a. DIgnity in Death Societyb. Euthanasia-R-Usc. Kevorkiania, Inc.d. Hemlock Society Hemlock Society
THe fastest growing age group in the United States is:a. Under 10b. 20o - 34c. 65 - 74d,. 85 and older 85 and older
The following is true about the employment of older people:a. Unemployed workers in their fifties and sixties have an easier time finding new jobs than younger unemployed workersb, Older workers hame more mistakes than younger workersc. Older workers have higher on the job injury rates than younger workersd. Older workers have lower absenteeism rates than younger workers Older workers have lower absenteeism rates than younger workers
Complaints about nursing homes include:a,. Finding patients lying in their own feces or urineb. Food being so unappetizing that residents are times refuse to eat it.c. Homes having serious safety hazardsd. ALl of the above All of the above
The following is true about the Social Security system in the United States:a. THe system may one day be paying out more than it is taking inb. Payments under the system are sufficient to provide older people with a comfortable standard of livingc. The monthly payments from social security are generally above the poverty lined. ALl of the above THe system may one day be paying out more than it is taking in
The following program offers people over the age of sixty the opportunity of doing volunteer service to meet community needs:a. Retired Senior VOlunteer Programb. Gray Panthersc. The Service COrps of Retired Executivesd. THe Foster-Grandparent Program Retired Senior Volunteer Program
Long-term housing facilities which are designed to provide a full range of accommodations and services to affluent older people as their needs change are called:a. Congregate housing facilitiesb. Group homesc. Assisted-living homesd. Continued care retirement communitiese. Foster care homes Continued Care Retirement Communities
Risk factors in getting breast cancer involve the following:

a. Being underweight
b. The younger you are, the greater your risk
c. Having children increases your risk
d. All of the above
e. None of the above
None of the above
One in ___ women will develop breast cancer in her lifetime

a. 8
b. 18
c. 28
d. 38
Eight
Regarding sex in widowhood, which of the following is accurate:

a. Cultural patterns encourage widows to establish new sexual relationships
b. In middle and later life, there are substantially more single women than men
c. Widows are more likely than widowers to establish a new sexual relationship
d. Widowers tend to receive more emotional support from friends and family and may feel less need to form a new sexual relationship
In middle and later life, there are substantially more single women than men
All of the following are true about physical functioning for middle-aged peple except:

a. Most middle are people are in good health
b. The gastrointestinal tract secretes fewer enzymes which increases chances of indigestion and constipation
c. The diaphragm weakens, which results in an increase in the size of the chest
d. Middle-aged people need less time than young adults to recoup strength after extended and strenuous activity

Middle-aged people need less time than young adults to recoup strength after extended and strenuous activity
The continent that is currently being most impacted by AIDS is:

a. North America
b. Asia
c. Africa
d. South America
Africa
As compared to young adults, the following is true for middle-aged adults:

a. For those who begin an exercise program it takes less time to get the body back into shape
b. It takes a shorter period to recover from colds and other common ailments
c. Middle aged adults are better at tasks that require endurance rather than rapid bursts of energy
d. In early forties, a general increase in rate of metabolism usually occurs
Middle aged adults are better at tasks that require endurance rather than rapid bursts of energy
The following is true about sex in marriage:

a. There is no relationship between satisfaction and sexual satisfaction
b. For some unknown reason women are more likely to be orgasmic in unhappy marriages than in happy marriages
c. A woman's sex drive reaches its peak at a younger age than is true for a man
d., The frequency of marital coitus is highest when individuals are in the twenties and thirties
The frequency of marital coitus is highest when individuals are in the twenties and thirties
____ is a rare form of skin cancer that is linked to some AIDS patients.

a. Melanoma
b. Cowper's anemia
c. Karposi's sarcoma
d. Metabolic disease
Karposi's sarcoma
The highest percentage of frequency for men age 25 - 29 engaging in sexual intercourse has been found to be

a. 4 or more times a week
b. 2 - 3 times a week
c. a few times a month
d. a few times a year
2 - 3 times a week
A woman's sex drive reaches it's peak in her:

a. Late teens to early 20s
b. Late 20s to early 30s
c. Late 30s to early 40s
d. Late 40s to early 50s
Late 30s to early 40s
AIDS has definitely been found to be transmitted by

a, Mosquito bites
b. casual kissing
c. Swimming in a pool where someone who is HIV positive is also swimming
d. All of the Above
e. None of the Aboev
None of the above
The highest percentage of frequency of women aged 40 - 49 engaging in sexual intercourse that has been found to be:

a. 4 or more times a week
b. two to three times a week
c. a few times a month
f. a few times per year
A few times per month
Glasser believes we are driven by five basic, innate needs. All of the following are included except:

a. Power
b. Fun
c. Choice
d. Freedom
Choice
A major thrust of ____ theory is that we carry pictures around in our heads, both of what reality is like and how we would like it to be:

a. Choice
b. Perception
c. Propinquity
Choice
IN Maslow's hierarchy of needs, which of the following is the next highest after safety:

a. Belongingness and love
b. Self-actualization
c. Self esteem
d. Physiological needs
Belongingness and love
In applying Levinson's theories to women, women have been found to:

a. Be more apt to have a mentor than a man
b. Have dreams (goals they want to achieve) that place a greater emphasis on achievement as compared to men
c. Have dreams that place a greater emphasis on relationships as compared to men
d. Be more career oriented than men
Have dreams that place a greater emphasis on relationships as compared to men
The following is (are) true about marijuana:

a. the drug is several times more potent than hashish
b. The effects of the drug vary according to the mood and personality of the user
c. The drug appears to be useful in treating glaucoma, asthma and certain seizure disorders
d. all of the above
e. b & c
b & c
The following is the drug most often used to take one's life:

A. Amphetamine
B. Barbiturate
C. Codeine
D. LSD
Barbiturate
According to Wegscheider, a family member other than the chemically dependent person is often blamed for the problem. The blamed person is the:

a. scapegoat
b. lost child
c. chief enabler
d. family disgrace
scapegoat
The following is/are true:

a. Morphine and heroin are both narcotic drugs derived from opium poppies
b. Heroin tends to dull the users appetite and sex drive
c. Heroin abuse is our most serious drug problem
d. All of the above
e. a & b only
a & b only
Of all adolescent pregnancies that occur each year, ____ percent are aborted.
a. 25b. 35c. 55d. 75
35
DUring adolescence, the ____ in the brain (which serves as an internal brake on runaway emotions and impulsive actions) is undergoing a hormonal assault.a. Parietal loveb. Temporal lobec. Prefrontal lobed. Occipital lobe Prefrontal lobe
The effectiveness of the contraceptive sponge is based on the following:a. It acts like a barrier to prevent sperm from entering the cervixb. The chemical spermicide it contains acts to kill spermc. It is significantly more effective for women who have had children than for wome who have never had childrend., All of the abovee. A and B only A and B only
The following is (are) true for children born to adolescent mothers compared to those born to adult mothers:a. They tend to have more emotional, intellectual and physical problems than their counterparts botn to adult mothersb. Theyu tend to have higher IQs than their counterparts born to adult mothersc. THey tend to be higher achievers than their counterparts born to adult mothersd. None of the above They tend to have more emotional, intellectual and physical problems than their counterparts botn to adult mothers
Which is the following is (are) true about masturbation:
a. Can cause warts to grow on the hands and genitalsb. Is a normal means of relieving sexual tensionc. Boys tend to masturbate less frequently than girlsd. All of the aboved. b and c only
is a normal means of relieving sexual tension
The following is e) true about nocturnal emissions in boys: a. They most commonly occur approximately once a month during the late teens b. They continue up to the age of 40 c. They provide a natural means of relieving sexual tension d. All of the abovee. a and c only
a and c only
Early maturing girlsa. Tend to get into less trouble than late-maturing girlsb. Outperform other students on school achievement testsc. Tend to experience more problems in schoold. Achieve more in their work careers during adulthood Tend to experience more problems in school
Which of the following is (are) true:a. DIfferences in patterns of sexual activity may relate more to poverty than to race or ethnicityb. White and Hispanic teenagers are more likely to have sexual intercourse than their African American counterpartsc. One half of Hispanic females have sexual intercourse by age 13d. ALl of the abovee. None of the above DIfferences in patterns of sexual activity may relate more to poverty than to race or ethnicity
Approximately ___ percent of all males have nocturnal emissions at one time or another. a. 100b. 90c. 60d. 30 90
Which of the following is (are) true about gonorrhea: a The gonorrhea organism can live about twenty minutes b A woman has a 20 percent chance of contracting it if she has intercourse with a contagious man one time c. Most women experience no overt symptoms d. All of the above e. None ofthe above Most women experience no overt symptoms
All breasts are functionally equipped with ___ clusters of mammary or milk-producing glands. a. 2 to 5b., 5 to 10c. 15 - 20d. 30 - 40 15 - 20
The following is (are) true about the timing of puberty in girls:
a. Girls begin puberty between the ages of 9 and 12b. Girls reach their full height by about age 21c. GIrls begin puberty about two years earlier than boysd. ALl of the abovee. a and C only
a and c only
Which of the following is (are) true about genital herpes:a. It causes a round, crater-like soreb. It is a virusc. It cannot be passed on to a developing fetusd. All of the abovee. None of the above It is a virus
____ percent of women under age 16 failed to use contraception the first time they had intercourse.
a. 45b. 55c. 65d. 75
45
Emergency contraceptive pills:
a. Taken within 72 hours after intercourse will remain 95 percent effectiveb. May cause nausea and vomitingc. SHould be called "morning after" pillsd. All of the abovee. None of the above
May cause nausea and vomiting
The following is (are) true about the combined pill:"
a. It combines a synthetic estrogen and a testogenb. It prevents the ovaries from ovulatingc. It is actually 99 percent effectived. All of the abovee. A and C only
It prevents the ovaries from ovulating
score of four points on the SAD PERSONS scale indicates the following clinical action:a. Close follow-up; consider hospitalizationb. Send home with follow upc. Strongly consider hospitalizationd. Hospitalized. COnsult another qualified professional Close follow-up; consider hospitalization
Critical thinking about the meaning of life characterizes stage ___ of Fowlers Theory of Faith Development.
a. 3b. 4c. 5d. 6e. 7
5
According to Gilligans approach to Moral Development and Women, during ____ women begin to examine their situations more objectively.
a. Level 1: orientation and personal survivalb. Transition 1: Transition from Personal selfishness to Responsibilityc. Level 2: Goodness as Self-Sacrificed. Transition 2: From Goodness to RealityLevel 3: The Morality of Nonviolent Responsibility
Transition 2: From Goodness to Reality
According to Marcia's categories of identity, people who fall into the ___ category never experience an identify crisis as such -- they glide into adulthood without experiencing much turbulence or anxiety
a. OBlivionb. Moratoriumc. Foreclosured. Generativity
Foreclosure
Erikson states that the society in which one lives makes certain psychic demands at each stage of development, and he calls these demands:
a. Crisesb. Requirementsc. Needsd. Transitions
Crises
Which of the following is true regarding identity development of lesbian and gay adolescents:
a. Erikson's and Marcia's theories only have limited relevanceb. Same-Sex sexual behavior in adolescence cements sexual orientationc. Lesbian and gay adolescents are encouraged to express their sexual identitiesd. Erikson's and Marcia's theories are as relevant to them as they are to heterosexual adolescents.
Erikson's and Marcia's theories only have limited relevance
THe following are symptoms on possible suicide potential:a. A rapid mood change from being very depressed to being very cheerfulb. A rapid mood change from being very cheerful to very depressedc. SUddenly giving away meaningful personal possessionsd. All of the abovee. a & c only All of the above
Suicide is the ___ leading cause of death for people age 15 through 24a. Firstb., Secondc. Thirdd. FOurth Third
Erikson uses the term psychosocial _____ tp describe a period of free experimentation before a final sense of identity is achieved:
a. Moratorium b. Freedomc. Interluded. Intermission
Moratorium
In stage ___ of Kohlbery's moral development, behavior is based on internal ethical principles. Decisions are made according to what is right, rather than what is written into law:a. Stage 2: Naive Instrumental Hedonismb. Stage 3: Good Girl/Boy Moralityc. Stage 4: AUthority-Maintaining Moralityd. Stage 5: Morality of COntract, of Individual Rights and of Democratically Accepted Lawe. Stage 6: Morality of individual principles and conscience Stage 6: Morality of individual principles and conscience
Erikson's generativity versus stagnation stage of development occurs at:
a. Adolescecseb. Young adulthoodc. Maturityd. Old Age
Maturity
WHich of the following has (have) been cited as (a) criticism(s) of Kohlberg's theory:
a. Primary emphasis on how people think, not what they dob. Dilemmas are posed in extremely abstract mannerc. Culturally biasedd. ALl of the abovee. a and c only
All of the above
The psychosocial crisis on initiative versus guilt occurs during a. Birth to 12 - 18 monthsb. 18 months to 3 yearsc. 2 to 4 yearsd. 3 to 6 yearse. 6 - 12 years 3 to six years
In stage ___ of Kohlberg's moral development, laws are considered necessary, however they are subject to rational thought and interpretation. Community welfare is important.a. Stage 2: Naive Instrumental Hedonismb. Stage 3: Good Boy/Girl Moralityc. Stage 4: Authority-Maintaining Moralityd. Stage 5: Morality of COntract, of Individual Rights, and of Democratically Accepted Lawe. Stage 6: Morality of Individual Principles and Conscience Morality of COntract, of Individual Rights, and of Democratically Accepted Law
All of the following stages are included in the racial/cultural identity development model except:a. Moratoriumb. Resistance and immersonc. Integrative Awarenessd. Conformity Moratorium
During ___ of Fowler's Theory of Faith Development, people have not critically evaluated the fundamental basis of their faith. Rather they adhere to conventional ideology.
a. Stage 3: Mythic-Literal Faithb. Stage 4: Synthetic-Conventional Faithc. Stave 5: Individuative-Reflective Faithd. Stage 6: COnjunctive Faithe. Stage 7: Universalizing Faith
Stage 4: Synthetic-Conventional Faith
Individuals tend to join a(n) ____ gang in order to secure continued access to the drugs they use.
a. Occultb. COnflictc. Retreatistd. Criminal
Retreatist
In the ___ stage of the Garland, Jones and Kolodny model of group development, there is increased freedom for members to experiment with new and alternative behavior patterns.
a. Preaffiliationb. DIfferentiationc. Intimacyd. Power and Control
Differentiation
All of the following are true about anorexia nervoca except:
a. The term means loss of appetite due to nervesb. Most anorexics feel hungryc. Anorexics erroneously believe an ultra thin body is a perfect bodyd. Anorexics are usually problem children who engage in a number of delinquent activities
Anorexics are usually problem children who engage in a number of delinquent activities
In parenting effectiveness training:
a. Gordon identifies seven constructive ways in which parents and teenagers can seek to resolve conflictsb. a good consultant is usually considered a nagc. Gordon questions whether power is necessary or justified in a parent-teenager relationshipd. I messages work even if the youth wants his actions to adversely affect his parent
Gordon questions whether power is necessary or justified in a parent-teenager relationship
The following is true about bulimia:a. A bulimic eats very little foodb. Bulimics tend to have ultra thin bodiesc. Bulimia is less common than anorexiad. Bulimia means ox-like hunger Bulimia means ox-like hunger
Many self-help groups stress:a. Members confessing before the group that they have a problemb. Members presenting a testimony before the group recounting their past experiences with the problem and their plans for handling it in the futurec. That when members feel an intense urge to resume the problem behavior with which the group is concerned (such as taking a drink) they are to call another member to come and stay with them until the urge subsidesd. All of the abovee. None of the above all of the above
Treatment for an eating disorder usually has all of the following goals except:
a. Reestablishment of normal weight and healthy eating behaviorb. Resolution of the psychosocial and family dynamics that led to the development of the eating disorderc. Allowing the clint to remain ultra-thind. Provision of medical services to correct any medical problems that resulted from these eating disorders
Allowing the client to remain ultra thin.
The distributed-function leadership model approach:a. Defines leadership as occurring whenever one member in a group influences other members to help the group reach its goalsb. Asserts that the laissez-faire approach to leadership is the most effectivec. Asserts that authoritarian leadership is the most effectived. Asserts that leaders are born, not madee. Agrees with the "great person" theory of leadership Defines leadership as occurring whenever one member in a group influences other members to help the group reach its goals
A group that instructs parents in way to interact more effectively with their children is best classified as a(n):a. Recreation skills groupb. Educational groupc. Problem-solving groupd. Sensitivity groupe. Socialization Education Group
The following is true about compulsive overeaters:a. They almost always conscientiously count their calorie intakeb. They are apt to east the pain of unwanted emotions by going on a bingec. THey almost always have a good knowledge of basic nutritiond. They generally are highly successful in losing weight (and keeping the weight off) with fad diets They are apt to east the pain of unwanted emotions by going on a binge
The personality disorder in which there is a pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image and affects, and marked impulsivity is:
a. Antisocialb. Paranoidc. Schizoidd. narcissistice. Borderline
Borderline
An advantage that group therapy offers over individual therapy is that group therapy:a. Allows for the helper therapy principle to operateb. Helps members to put their problems into perspective as they realize others have problems as serious as theirsc. Allows the therapist to save time by treating more than one person at a timed. All of the above All of the above
The following theory of criminal activity asserts that when individuals are unable to achieve societal goals through legitimately defined channels, their respect for these channels is weakened and then they seek to achieve desired goals through illegal means:a. Differential association theoryb. Anomie theoryc. Deviant subcultures theoryd. Control theory Anomie theory
The personality disorder in which there is a pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking is:
a. Histrionicb. Avoidantc. Dependentd. Obsessive-compulsivee. Narcissistic
Histrionic
Part D9B) of a rational self-analysis contains:
a. Self talkb. Emotional consequencesc. Rational self-talk challengesd. Emotional goals and behavioral goals for the future
Rational self-talk challenges
All of the following are stages proposed by Rees for empowering homeless youth excepta. WOrking the systemb. Understanding powerlessnessc. Awareness and mutual educationd. DIalogue and solidlarity Working the system
Which of the following group development models is considered a recurring-phase model: a. Schillerb. Balesc. Tuckmand. Garland, Jones and Kolodny Bales
____ percent of all anoerxics are female.
a. 25b. 55c. 75d. 95
95
A child is usually able to crawl well by agea. 2 monthsb. 4 monthsc. 6 monthsd. 8 monthse. 1 year 1 year
The following is (are) true about vacuum aspiration:a. This is considered a second trimester abortionb. The procedures is used up to 16 weeks after a missed periodc. The entire procedure takes approximately one hourd. All of the abovee. a and b only b
Which of the following is (are) true:a. Pregnant women over age forty have about a 1 in 1,000 chance of giving birth to a baby with Down syndromeb. Women age 35 and over account for 30 percent of all births in the United Statesc. Teen mothers account for over 10 percent of all US birthsd, All of the abovee. None of the above Teen mothers account for over 10 percent of all births in the United States
Approximately __ percent of abortions are performed at 21 weeks gestation or after:
a. 2b. 12c. 22d. 32
2
THe longest stage of labor is:a. First stageb. Second stagec. Third staged. None of the above: all stages resemble each other in length First stage
___ is a disorder involving an extra chromosome that results in various degrees of cognitive disability.a. Spina bifidab. Cerebral palsyc. Down syndromed. Phenlketonuria Down syndrome
Which of the following is true:a. One or two drinks consumed a day by the mother can harm the fetus.b. Babies of women who were heavy drinkers have narrow-spaced eyes, long noses and thin lipsc. Fetal alcohol syndrome is less severe than fetal alcohol effectsd. Nonprescription, over the counter drugs taken by the mother during pregnancy have no harmful effects on a fetuse. None of the above One or two drinks consumed a day by the mother can harm the fetus.
Approximately ___ percent of couples in the United States are infertile.a. 3b. 5c. 10d. 20 10
___ involves the insertion of a needle through the abdominal wall and into the uterus to obtain fluid for determination of fetal gender or chromosomal abnormalities. a. Chorionic vill samplingb. Ultrasonographyc. Amniocentesisd. Alpha-feto protein teste. Materianl blood test Amniocentisis
Vgotsky's ____ is the difference between what a learner can accomplish independently and what he or she can accomplish with the guidance and encouragement of a more skilled partner:a. Dialectical thinkingb. Post-formal thoughc. Period of concrete operations d. Zone of proximal development ZOne of proximal development
A child of ___ age is able to put three words together and has a vocabulary of over fifty words.a. 1 yearb. 18 monthsc. 2 yearsd. 1 1/2 yearse. 3 years 2 years
___ percent of all school age children are classified as learning disabled.a. 1 - 2b 5 - 6c. 10 - 11d. 12 - 14 5 - 6
Freud hypothesized that people pass through five stages of psychosexual development in the following order:a. oral, anal, latency, genital, phallicb. Anal, oral, latency, genital, phallicc. Anal, oral, genital, latency, phallicd. Oral, anal, latency, phallic, genitale. Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
Harter's research regarding children's self-esteem found which of the following:a. The most important people to them were parents and classmatesb. Children who felt a more positive global self-worth tended to be less happyc. Both younger children and older children ranked behavioral conduct as most important he most important people to them were parents and classmates
Infants who show a(n) ____ attachment are very cautious in the presence of the stranger and their exploratory behavior is noticeably disrupted by the caregiver's departure.a. Secureb. Disorganizedc. Anxious avoidantd. Anxious resistant Anxious-resistant
Which os the following is (are) true: a. Piaget's period of concrete operations extends from age 11 to age 16b. Piaget states that all people learn how to think in the same way, in a set orderc. According to Piaget, accommodation is described as changing in order to survive in the surrounding environmentd. Piaget's findings were based primarily on a variety of child subjects from different backgroundse. None of the above Piaget states that all people learn how to think in the same way, in a set order
The criticisms of Vygotsky's theory include all of the following except: a. Interactions that rely heavily on the kinds of verbal instruction emphasized may be less adaptive in some culturesb. His emphasis on the biological side of development led him to neglect culture and social experiencec. Collaborative problem solving among peers may actually undermine task performance if the more competent collaborator is not very confidentd. He places less emphasis on children's capacity to shape their own development His emphasis on the biological side of development led him to neglect culture and social experience
Which of the following if a component of Sternberg's triarchic theory of human intelligence:a. Componentialb. Seriationc. Conservationd. Fluid intelligencee. Crystallized intelligence. Componential
The 1975 Education for All Handicapped CHildren Act (P.L. 94-142):a. Mandates that all states provide educational opportunities to all children regardless of level of ability or disabilityb. Emphasizes that children with learning and cognitive disabilities be taught separately from the general school population to assure more attention from teachersb. Mandates that special services be furnished to allow students to function in regular classroomsd. all of the abovee. a and c a and c
According to Freud, the primitive psychic force that represents basic needs and drives, and upon which other personality factors are built, is called thea. Idb., egoc. Preconsciousd. Unconsciouse. Superego Id
According to Piaget, which of the following is considered a major obstacle to logical thinking during preoperational period: a. Seriationb. Accommodationc. Centrationd. Conservation Centration
Learning disabilities may psychologically affect children in which of the following ways:a. Fear of failureb. Learned helplessnessc. Low self-esteemd. All of the abovee. a and b only all of the above
People with cognitive disabilities tend to experience deficits in which of the following areas:a. Attentionb. Language developmentc. Motivationd. Self-regulatione. All of the above all of the above
___ Intelligence involves intellectual abilities that emphasize verbal communication and involve the ability to learn from others in the social environment through education and interaction.a. Fluidb. Componentialc. Experientiald. Contextuale. Crystallized Crystallized
During Piaget's ___ period, a child progresses from simple thoughtless reflex reactions to a basic understanding of the environment.a. Sensorimotor periodb. Concrete operationsc. Formal operationsd. Preoperational thought Sensorimotor period
___ Occurs when a person learns to respond to a new stimulus that does not naturally elicit responsea. Positive reinforcementb. Operant conditioningc. Extinctiond. Respondent conditioninge. None of the above Respondent conditioning
Approximately ___ percent of single parent families are headed by women. a. 23b. 43c. 63d. 83 83
___ parents provide control and consistent support, involve their children in decision making, and encourage the development of independence.a. Authoritativeb. AUthoritarianc. Permissived. persnicketye. Prohibitise Authoritative
Which of the following is are characteristics of children suffering from the nonorganic failure to thrive syndromea. It affects children aged 18 months to 16 yearsb. They exhibit retarded skeletal maturationc. They are below the fifth percentile in weigfhtd. All of the abovee. None of the above They are below the fifth percentage in weight.
The following improve(s) the effectiveness of time--outsa. Apply the time out immediatelyb. Limit the time out to a maximum of twenty minutesc. Avoid giving any positive reinforcement during the time outd. all of the abovee. a and c only a and c only
The third phase of the five phases of sexual abuse is:a. Sexual interactionb. Disclosurec. Post disclosured Engagemente. Secrecy Secrecy
Homeostasis means:a. the tendency for a system to maintain a relatively stable, constant state of equilibrium of balanceb. A set of elements that are orderly and interrelatd to make a functional wholec. A system's tendency to move from a more simplified to a more complex existenced. The fact that there are many different means to the same ende. The process of a system moving toward growth and development the tendency for a system to maintain a relatively stable, constant state of equilibrium of balance
NEgative reinforcementa. REfers to presentation of an aversive eventb. results in a decrease in the frequency of a behaviorc. Concerns the removal of a negative consequenced. a and b onlye. b and c only Concerns the removal of a negative consequence
The following is(are) true about the nature of punishment:a decrease in the frequency of the punished behavior usually occurs relatively soonb. Effects are often temporaryc. Effects are often limited to the specific punishing conditionsd. All of the abovee. a and c only ALl of the above
___ reinforcers are rewarding in themselves, without any association with other reinforcers.a. Secondaryb. Intermediaryc. Self rewardd. Primarye. Essential Primary
Approximately ___ percent of Hispanics age 25 and over complete 4 years of high school or morea. 39b. 49c. 59c. 69 59
Learning a behavior by observing another engaging in that behavior is called:a. antecedent learningb. positive reinforcementc. modelingd. respondent conditioninge. none of the above modeling
___ involves the cessation of reinforcement of a response which results in a decrease of that behavior.a. Eradicationb. Extinctionc. Expungementd. Obliteratione. Purging Extinction
According to Parten, the third level of child social play is:a. Parallel playb. Solitary playc. Associative playd. Onlooker playe. Cooperative play solitary play
___ is an ethnic person's adoption of the dominant culture in which he or she is immersed.a. acculturationb. adoptionc. incorporationd. culture gap acculturationl