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1. 
Jane is 40 years old. Her main task, according to Erikson will be to develop a sense of:
 
Generativity
 
2. 
Jeremy is 18 years old. According to Erikson, his chief task will be acruiring a sense of:
 
Identity
 
3. 
Erik is a newborn. According to Erikson, his main task will be to develop a sense of:
 
Trust
 
4. 
Ann is 5 years old and entering kindergarten. According to Erikson, her main task is to develop a sense of:
 
Initiative
 
5. 
The mother of a young child who didn't like to drink milk was trying to coak him to drink some. She took his glass of milk and poured it all into a smaller cup and said, "there, now you don't have as much to drink". This tactic works because the child does not yet understand the principles of:
 
Conservation
 
6. 
According to Piaget, abstract thinking doesn't begin until what stage?
 
Formal
 
7. 
Games like "Peek- a- Boo" and "Hide - and - Seek" are especially worthwhile activities for babies because they help them develop a sense of:
 
Object Permanence
 
8. 
What is the correct order of Piaget's four stages of Cognitive Development?
 

Sensory-Motor

Preoperational

Concrete

Formal

 
9. 

According to our text, personality is not which of these:

a) enduring b) unique

c) unpredictable d) stable

 

c) Unpredictable

In other words, personality is NOT unpredictable

 
10. 
All psychodynamic theorists share the sense that personality is primarily determined by:
 
Unconscious processes
 
11. 
The proper chronical order of Freud's psychosexual stages is:
 

Oral

Anal

Phallic

Latency

Genital

 
12. 
According to Jung, our repressed thoughts, undeveloped ideas, and forgotten experiences are contained in the:
 
Personal unconscious
 
13. 
Adler felt that a driving force in shaping personality was overcoming feelings of:
 
Inferiority
 
14. 
For Horney, submission, aggression, and detachment are all examples of:
 
Neurotic trends
 
15. 
Erikson outlined ___stages of human development.
 
Eight
 
16. 
When an individual's self-concept is closely matched with his or her inborn capacities, then that person is likely to become what Rogers calls a(an)_____________..
 
Fully functioning person
 
17. 
The "Big Five" model was proposed by _____________ theorists.
 
Trait
 
18. 
Barney is a person who believes that he can control his own fate. He feels that by hard work, skill, and training, it is possible to avoid punishments and find rewards. Rotter would say that Barney has a(n) _______________ locus of control.
 
Internal
 
19. 
Psychology is the scientific study of:
 
behavior and mental processes
 
20. 
A group of psychologists study human mental and physical growth from the prenatal period through childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and old age. They are mostly what type of psychologists?
 
Develepmental psychologists.
 
21. 

Each of the following is one of five enduring issues of psychology EXCEPT:

a) mind-body b) stability-change

c) diversity-universitality d) situation-group

 
d) Situation group
 
22. 
A scientist decides to solve a problem by collecting data through careful, systematic observation, developing theories, making predictions based on those theories, and systematically testing those predictions. The scientist is using:
 
The scientific method
 
23. 
A central idea of funtionalism is that:
 
Consciousness is a continuous flow
 
24. 
For Freud, much of our behavior is controlled by:
 
Unconscious desires
 
25. 
The idea that psychology should focus on how people experience and perceive separate objects (such as dots) as whole patterns (such as lines, or objects) is a central concept of ________psychology.
 
Gestalt psychology
 
26. 

Consider the following experiment:

Children are drawn from high, middle, and low income households. All the children are divided into two groups. One group watches "Sesame Street" on TV every day for a month. The other group watches cartoons. Both groups are given a test that measures creativity. In this study, what is the independent variable?

 
What the children watch on TV
 
27. 
A researcher goes to great lengths to ensure that the proportion of males and females in his study matches the proportion of males and females nationally. He is selecting a ____ sample.
 
Representative
 
28. 
Neurons typically have how many axons and how many dendrites?
 
One axpn and many dendrites.
 
29. 
The primary purpose of the myelin sheath is to:
 
Insulate the neuron so it can transmit information more efficiently
 
30. 
During its resting state, the electrical charge inside the neuron is _________ the electrical charge outside the neuron.
 
Negative, compared to
 
31. 
When a neural impulse reaches the end of an axon, it causes tiny oval sacs at the end of the axon to release chemicals called ___________.
 
Neurotransmitters
 
32. 
The branch of the autonomic nervous system that calms and relaxes the body is th __________ division.
 
Parasympathetic
 
33. 
A college student is having difficulty staying awake during the day and sleeping through the night. Her difficulties are MOST likely due to problems in the ________.
 
Pons
 
34. 
The site of many mental processes that are unique to humans (self-awareness, initiative, planning ability, and goal directed behavior is the ___________________:
 
Frontal lobe
 
35. 
The organ lying between the stomach and small intestine that secretes insulin and glucagons to regulate blood-sugar levels is the _______.
 
Pancreas
 
36. 
Human beings have ____ pairs of chromasomes.
 
23
 
37. 
Jessica's mother has brown eyes, with a dominant gene for brown eyes and a recessive gene for blue eyes. Her father also has brown eyes, with a dominant gene for brown eyes and a recessive gene for blue eyes. What are the chances that Jessica has brown eyes?
 
75%
 
38. 

Auditory Information:

a) Fades at about the same rate a visual information

b) Fades more rapidly than visual information

c) Does not normally fade at all

d) Fades more slowly than visual information

 
d) Fades more slowly than visual information
 
39. 
The selection of some incoming information for further processing is called ___________.
 
Attention
 
40. 
When you listen to a conversation or song on the radio, or watch a television show, you are using _______ to hold onto and think about new information coming in from the sensory registers.
 
short-term memory
 
41. 

True or false:

Material is usually stored in long-term memory according to meaning.

 
True
 
42. 
A set of beliefs of expectations about something based on past experience is a(n)_______________
 
Schema
 
43. 
Semantic memory concerns ___________ while episodic memory concerns _____________.
 

General knowledge

Personal events

 
44. 
According to ________theory, memories deteriorate because the passage of time.
 
Decay
 
45. 
Randy is recovering from an automobile accident in which he injured hes head. The only noticeable psychological symptom of his injury is that he cannot remember what happened immediately prior to the accident. Randy's symptoms are typical of _____________.
 
Retrograde amnesia
 
46. 
Tim is studying for a test. After seven consecutive hours of studying, he finds he can remember what he just finished studying, but he can no longer remember what he studied five or six hours ago. Tim's memory problems are best explained by _____.
 
Retroactive interference
 
47. 

True or false:

If people learn material while under the influence of caffeine, they are more likely to remember it the next time they are under the influence of caffeine.

 
True