Fundamentals of FF Skills 02

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1. 
Every team member is responsible to prevent injuries. Priority of safety on the fireground is: (3 in order).prevent injuries. •Priority of safety on the fireground is
 

1. Self

2. Other team members

3. Everyone else

 
2. 
A successful safety program will adress: (4)
 

1. Standards & procedures

2. Personnel

3. Training

4. Equipment

 
3. 
Each year about how many FFs are killed?
 
100
 
4. 
Leading cause of death for FFs is
 
Heart attacks
 
5. 
Vehicle collisions - how many? 27% of fatalaties involved what?
 
1 collision per 1000 responses. 27% of fatalaties involved ejections. Wear your seatbelt.
 
6. 
Healthful lifestyle includes: (3)
 

1. a balanced diet

2. weight training

3. cardio

 
7. 
What are the benefits of a healthful lifestyle? (2)
 

1. reduce risk for heart disease

2. enable FFs to meet physical demands of job

 
8. 
How many FFs are fatally injured during training each year.
 
about 9
 
9. 
Safety at emergency incidents includes: (10)
 

1. wait for officer in command to size up

2. use the buddy system

3. personnel acountability system

4. understand scence hazards

5. use tools & equip. safely

6. electrical safety

7. good lifting & moving techniques

8. weather safety

9. sufficient time in rehab.

10. violent scene safety

 
10. 
The buddy system includes: (6)
 

1. never work alone

2. if one team member needs to leave, everyone leaves

3. maintain visual, physical, or verbal contact at all times

4. check each other's PPE

5. have one radio per team

6. have a back-up team ready

 
11. 
PPE is essential to FF safety. It must provide full body protection from a variety of hazards. It includes: (10)
 

1. helmet - hard outer shell lined with energy absorbing material and suspension, with goggles or facemask

2. hood

3. turnout coat

4. bunker pants

5. boots

6. gloves

7. SCBA (Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus)

8. PASS (Personal Alert Safety System)

9. hand light

10. radio (one/team)

 
12. 
IDLH
 
Immediately Dangerous to Life & Health
 
13. 
Respiratory hazards of fire: (4)
 

1. superheated air

2. toxic gases

3. oxygen-deficiency

4. smoke

 
14. 
Primary toxic gases in smoke: (3)
 

1. carbon monoxide

2. hydrogen cyanide

3. phosgene

 
15. 

Percentages of Oxygen and their affects:

21%

19.5%

17%

12%

9%

6%

 

Normal

Oxygen Deficient

Increased resp., Impaired judgement, coordination, & muscle control

Headache, diziness, nauseau, fatigue

Unconsciousness

Resp. Arrest, Cardiac Arrest, Death

 
16. 
Golden rule regarding hazardous air
 
Assume the atmosphere is hazardous until it has been tested and proven to be safe
 
17. 
Open-circuit SCBA
 

most common for structural FF, exhaled air is released into the atmosphere through one way valve

 
18. 
Closed-cirucuit SCBA
 
rarely used for structural FF, air is recycled by adding oxygen and removing carbon dioxide within closed system
 
19. 
Supplied air respirator
 
hoseline to air compressor, sometiems used for special ops
 
20. 
Types of protection furnished by PPE: (7)
 

1. Thermal

2. Water

3. Impact

4. cuts & abrasions

5. padding against injury

6. increases your visibility

7. respiratory

 
21. 

Minimum SCBA time limit?

Weight of SCBA?

 

30 minutes

25 lbs

 
22. 
Components of SCBA (4)
 

1. backpack

2. harness

3. air cylinder with shut off valve & pressure gauge

4. regulator

 
23. 
Pre-donning SCBA check: (6)
 

1. at least 90% pressure

2. activate donning/doffing switch

3. open cylinder valve 2 or 3 turns, listen for low air alarm, open valve fully

4. both pressure gauges should be within 100 psi of each other

5. all harness straps fully extended

6. all valves in correct position

 
24. 
Training & performance qualifications for FFs
 

NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) 1001

Standard for Fire Fighter Professional Qualifications

 
25. 
Medical requirements for FFs
 
NFPA 1582, Standard on Medical Requirements for Fire Fighters and Information for FD Phsicians
 
26. 
Each FF accident should be thoroughly investigated to ... (2)
 

1. learn why it happened

2. learn how it can be avoided in the future

 
27. 

FF Deaths by type of duty:

Fireground

Alarm Response/Return

Other On Duty

Training

Non-Fire Emergencies

 

38%

24%

23%

12%

2%

 
28. 
A safety program is only as safe as ...
 
the individuals who implement it.
 
29. 
To whom does the safety officer report to on the foreground?
 
IC (Incident Commander)
 
30. 

What is the term for the small magnetic boards carried by company officers as part of a personnel accountability system?

 
Passport
 
31. 
During overhaul, either a safety officer or someone else should be assigned to monitor the atmosphere for the presence of what dangerous gas?
 

Carbon monoxide

 
32. 
Signs/symptoms of heat stroke
 
lack of sweating, low BP, shallow breathing, seizures
 
33. 
How soon after a traumatic call should CISD be held?
 
ASAP
 
34. 
Flame-resistant materials include: (3)
 
Nomex, PBI, Kevlar
 
35. 
From what material(s) can structural firefighting boots be constructed?
 
Rubber or leather
 
36. 
NFPA 1001 requires fire fighters to don personal protective clothing within a specified time. What time?
 
60 seconds
 
37. 
What provides a template for implementing a comprehensive health and safety program?
 
NFPA 1500
 
38. 
Basic Components of SCBA: (4)
 

1. Backpack & harness

2. Air cylinder assembly

3. Regulator Assembly

4. Face piece assembly

 
39. 
Layers of structural PPE: (3)
 

1. Outer layer/shell - sturdy, flame-resistant, water-repellant material

2. Moisture barrier

3. Thermal barrier

 
40. 
Material for SCBA air cylinders
 
aluminum, carbon, kevlar composite
 
41. 
What needs to be stamped or labeled on a compressed air cylinder?
 
Last hydrostatic inspection date
 
42. 
Composite SCBA cylinders must be hydrostatically tested every ____ years.
 
3
 
43. 
Steel & alumiium SCBA cylinders must be hydrostatically tested ever ___ years.
 
5
 
44. 
Minimum requirements & procedures for a safety and health program are contained in
 
NFPA 1500
 
45. 
Every skill, knowledge item, or behavior learned should be drilled, tested, or confirmed:
 
every year
 
46. 
The open-circuit, positive-pressure breathing apparatus operates by:
 
maintaining a pressure inside the mask that is slightly higher than atmospheric pressure.
 
47. 
FFs must be fit tested ______ to ensure they are using the right sized facepiece.
 
anually
 
48. 
After the facepiece, low-pressure hose, and exhalation valve have been properly washed and disinfected, they should be:
 
air dried in a clean area.
 
49. 
When approaching a fire, stored-pressure water extinguishers are designed to be carried in a/an ___ position and the operator is cautioned to keep the ___ in hand at all times.
 
upright, hose
 
50. 
Leading cause of FF injuries:
 
overexertion & strain
 
51. 
The coupling on the high pressure hose that is attached to an SCBA cylinder should be:
 
hand tight
 
52. 
When filling an SCBA cylinder, the cylinder must be:
 

place in a fragmentation containment device

 
53. 
Hoop-wrapped and kevlar/carbon composite cylinders must be hydrostatically tested every __________ years.
 
3
 
54. 
How long does it take for the PASS device to alarm if the wearer becomes inactive?
 
30 sec
 
55. 
Following each use, the facepiece of a breathing apparatus should be cleaned by:
 
Washing with a mixture of warm water and approved disinfectant