Fetal pig functions

Total Flash Cards » 53
 
1. 

Salivary Glands

 

Produce saliva containing amylase, chloride ions, water, and mucus

 
2. 

Epiglottis

 

Prevents food from entering airway passages

 
3. 

Esophagus

 

Transports bolus of food from oral cavity to stomach

 
4. 

Diaphragm

 

Contraction draws air into lungs

 
5. 

Thymus

 

T-cell maturation site

 
6. 

Thyroid

 

Produces hormones that regulate metabolism and heat production

 
7. 

Trachea

 

Transports air from larynx to bronchi

 
8. 

Larynx

 

Voice box

 
9. 

Vocal cords

 

Production of sound

 
10. 

Lungs

 

Gas exchange

 
11. 

Liver

 

Produces bile, detoxifying poisons, glycogen formation

 
12. 

Gallbladder

 

Produces bile which breaks down fat

 
13. 

Stomach

 

Receives food from esophagus and digestion

 
14. 

Duodenum

 

Completes chemical digestion and begins nutrient absorption

 
15. 

Jejuno-ileum

 

Nutrient absorption

 
16. 

Pancreas

 

Secretes digestive enzymes into small intestine and insulin and glucagon into the blood stream.

 
17. 

Spleen

 

Filters blood, removing red blood cells

 
18. 

Mesentary

 

Membrane supporting the coils and blood vessels.

 
19. 

Large intestine

 

Reabsorbs water and ions

 
20. 

Cecum

 

Blind sac at the beginning of the large intestine; fermentation of cellulose

 
21. 

Rectum

 

Water reabsorption and fecal storage until elimination.

 
22. 

Right atrium

 

Receives blood from body and pumps to right ventricle.

 
23. 

Left atrium

 

Receives oxygenated blood from lungs and pumps to left ventricle

 
24. 

Right ventricle

 

Receives blood from right atrium and pumps to lungs to be oxygenated

 
25. 

Left ventricle

 

Receives oxygenated blood from the left atrium and pumps to the body

 
26. 

Coronary artery and vein

 

Supplies blood to heart tissue

 
27. 

Superior vena cava

 

Carries oxygen-poor blood from the head, neck, pectoral appendages and cranial part of the chest to the right atrium

 
28. 

Inferior vena cava

 

Carries oxygen poor blood from the caudal parts of the body to the right atrium.

 
29. 

Pulmonary trunk

 

Transports deoxygenated blood from right ventricle to lungs

 
30. 

Pulmonary veins

 

Transports oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atria

 
31. 

Aorta

 

Transports oxygenated blood from left ventricle to the body

 
32. 

Tricuspid valve

 

Prevents backflow from the right ventricle into the right atria

 
33. 

Bicuspid valve

 

Prevents back flow of oxygen rich blood from the left ventricle into the left atria

 
34. 

Aortic valve

 

Prevents backflow of blood from the aorta to the left ventricle

 
35. 

Pulmonary semilunar valve

 

Prevents backflow of blood from pulmonary trunk (artery) into the right ventricle

 
36. 

Umbilical vein and artery

 

Circulates deoxygenated nutrient poor blood back to mother and brings oxygenated nutrient rich blood from the mother to the developing fetus

 
37. 

Erthrocytes

 

Transport oxygen to body's tissues

 
38. 

Leukocytes

 

Defend body by phagocytizing bacteria, producingantibodies for the immune system, and killing som parasites

 
39. 

Platelets

 

Assist in blood clotting

 
40. 

Kidney

 

Excrete urea, regulates water and solute concentration

 
41. 

Ureter

 

Transports urine from kidney to the urinary bladder

 
42. 

Urethra

 

Transports urine from bladder to urogenital opening

 
43. 

Adrenal gland

 

Produces epinephrine (fight/flight hormone)

 
44. 

Ductus deferens

 

Transports sperm from epididymus to the urethra.

 
45. 

Testis

 

Produce sperm and hormones

 
46. 

Epididymus

 

Stores sperm

 
47. 

Bulbourethral gland

 

Secretes seminal fluid at ejaculation

 
48. 

Ovaries

 

Produce eggs and hormones

 
49. 

Oviduct/Fallopian tubes

 

Captures eggs from ovary and transports to uterus

 
50. 

Uterus

 

Fetal development

 
51. 

Vagina

 

Receives penis during copulation

 
52. 

Urogenital canal/Vaginal vestibule

 

In pigs, not humans, common passageway of the vagina and urethra to the body surface

 
53. 

Penis

 

Transport urine during urination and sperm during copulation