Exam 4 human geography

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1. 
A form of tropical subsistence agriculture in which fields are rotated after short periods of crop production is
 
shifting cultivation
 
2. 
The zone of probability for a business is marked by
 
high income and low cost
 
3. 
The Kyoto Protocol addresses
 
global climate change
 
4. 
The continuation of economic dependence after political independence is
 
neocolonialism
 
5. 
The type of manufacturing that is more likely to be located in peripheral countries is
 
labor-intensive
 
6. 
The boundaries of rocky crustal plates are associated with
 
earthquakes
 
7. 
In which major world manufacturing country does industry not lie near sources of raw material
 
Japan
 
8. 
The increase in time and cost with distance is referred to as
 
friction of distance
 
9. 
Which of the four classifications of industry must locate where the resources are found
 
tertiary
 
10. 
Theories which hold that economic disparities are built into the global economic system are
 
structuralist theories
 
11. 
Globally, the consumption of resources is tied to ______ more than any other factor
 
rate of population growth
 
12. 
The most prevalent rural residential pattern in the world's agricultural areas is
 
nucleated
 
13. 
20,000 NGO's in Bangladesh constitute what can be called _____
 
a parallel state
 
14. 
Changes in climate involve changes in the ______ cycle, which in turn affects patterns of precipitation
 
hydrologic
 
15. 
Depletion of the ozone layer is caused by the release of ______ into the atmosphere
 
chlorofluorocarbons
 
16. 
Forests affect the atmosphere through their role in (the)
 
oxygen cycle
 
17. 
Most scholars believe that seed cultivation first occurred in
 
the Fertile Crescent
 
18. 
England not only held a monopoly over products that were in world demand at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, but also a monopoly on
 
the skill necessary to make the machines that manufactured the products
 
19. 
Alfred Wegener used his spatial view of the world to develop the theory of
 
continental drift
 
20. 
The word "development" implies
 
progress
 
21. 
__________ give loans to poor people, preferably women, to encourage development of small businesses
 
Micro credit programs
 
22. 
Who actually laid the groundwork for the colonial expansion of Europe
 
Europe's commercial companies
 
23. 
Colonial powers would make subsistence farmers
 
grow cash crops in addition to feed crops the farmer needed to survive
 
24. 
If a substantial number of enterprises all develop in, or move to, the same area the factor is called
 
agglomeration
 
25. 
In Britain, the proximity of what three things gave an unsurpassed advantage to the development of early industry
 
coal fields, iron ores and coastal ports
 
26. 
Mass production of standardized goods using assembly line techniques is referred to as
 
Fordist
 
27. 
Which is not an example of a primary economic activity
 
corn flake production
 
28. 
A large component of survival in countries with low per capita GNP is
 
the informal economy
 
29. 
Gross domestic product measures only
 
production only within a country
 
30. 
Over the past century the pace of human environmental change has
 
increased significantly
 
31. 
By 1992, the most widely grown crop variety on Earth was a product of the Green Revolution called IR36, which is a variety of
 
rice
 
32. 
Microcredit programs have been successful in many places with the exception of
 
places with high AIDS mortality rates
 
33. 
The relocation of industry to cities like Paris and London was facilitated by
 
development of railroads
 
34. 
The climatic record documenting the beginning of the Little Ice Age was partially pieced together by using ___________farmer's diaries
 
wine
 
35. 
Which commodity would be found closest to the market town in con Thunen's model
 
milk
 
36. 
Dependency ratio measures
 
the number of young plus the number of elderly per 100 workers
 
37. 
Bio-genetic engineering now allows the growing of new strains in more arid regions of the Plains States to meet the demand of the ______ industry
 
grain export
 
38. 
Examples of luxury crops include
 
tobacco
 
39. 
The United States is the most prolific producer of solid waste. It is estimated that the U.S. produces about ____ pounds per person per day
 
3.5
 
40. 
Tsunami waves result from
 
earthquake displacement of the seafloor
 
41. 
Nike, headquartered in Oregon, employs 20,000 people in that state. What percentage are employed in making shoes
 
0
 
42. 
Subsistence forms of agriculture in peripheral areas produce little in the way of
 
protein
 
43. 
The basic unit of the township-and-range survey system, the section, has an area of
 
1 square mile
 
44. 
In peripheral countries it is not unusual for hotels in tourist areas to be owned by
 
multinational corporations
 
45. 
Which of the following is not an example of a hunting and gathering group that still existed into the early 2000's
 
the Bantu of Southern Africa
 
46. 
The average size of a family farm in China is _____ acres
 
.5
 
47. 
Increasingly, people have come to depend on water sources
 
of uncertain future capacity
 
48. 
Even if the GNP index is used to measure the well_being of a country, it will fail to show
 
the distribution of wealth
 
49. 
________ processes in the commodity chain involve technology, education, research and development, and high wages
 
Core
 
50. 
In areas of shifting cultivation, the population
 
cannot have a high density