Exam 4 human geography

Total Flash Cards » 50
 
1. 

A form of tropical subsistence agriculture in which fields are rotated after short periods of crop production is

 

shifting cultivation

 
2. 

The zone of probability for a business is marked by

 

high income and low cost

 
3. 

The Kyoto Protocol addresses

 

global climate change

 
4. 

The continuation of economic dependence after political independence is

 

neocolonialism

 
5. 

The type of manufacturing that is more likely to be located in peripheral countries is

 

labor-intensive

 
6. 

The boundaries of rocky crustal plates are associated with

 

earthquakes

 
7. 

In which major world manufacturing country does industry not lie near sources of raw material

 

Japan

 
8. 

The increase in time and cost with distance is referred to as

 

friction of distance

 
9. 

Which of the four classifications of industry must locate where the resources are found

 

tertiary

 
10. 

Theories which hold that economic disparities are built into the global economic system are

 

structuralist theories

 
11. 

Globally, the consumption of resources is tied to ______ more than any other factor

 

rate of population growth

 
12. 

The most prevalent rural residential pattern in the world's agricultural areas is

 

nucleated

 
13. 

20,000 NGO's in Bangladesh constitute what can be called _____

 

a parallel state

 
14. 

Changes in climate involve changes in the ______ cycle, which in turn affects patterns of precipitation

 

hydrologic

 
15. 

Depletion of the ozone layer is caused by the release of ______ into the atmosphere

 

chlorofluorocarbons

 
16. 

Forests affect the atmosphere through their role in (the)

 

oxygen cycle

 
17. 

Most scholars believe that seed cultivation first occurred in

 

the Fertile Crescent

 
18. 

England not only held a monopoly over products that were in world demand at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, but also a monopoly on

 

the skill necessary to make the machines that manufactured the products

 
19. 

Alfred Wegener used his spatial view of the world to develop the theory of

 

continental drift

 
20. 

The word "development" implies

 

progress

 
21. 

__________ give loans to poor people, preferably women, to encourage development of small businesses

 

Micro credit programs

 
22. 

Who actually laid the groundwork for the colonial expansion of Europe

 

Europe's commercial companies

 
23. 

Colonial powers would make subsistence farmers

 

grow cash crops in addition to feed crops the farmer needed to survive

 
24. 

If a substantial number of enterprises all develop in, or move to, the same area the factor is called

 

agglomeration

 
25. 

In Britain, the proximity of what three things gave an unsurpassed advantage to the development of early industry

 

coal fields, iron ores and coastal ports

 
26. 

Mass production of standardized goods using assembly line techniques is referred to as

 

Fordist

 
27. 

Which is not an example of a primary economic activity

 

corn flake production

 
28. 

A large component of survival in countries with low per capita GNP is

 

the informal economy

 
29. 

Gross domestic product measures only

 

production only within a country

 
30. 

Over the past century the pace of human environmental change has

 

increased significantly

 
31. 

By 1992, the most widely grown crop variety on Earth was a product of the Green Revolution called IR36, which is a variety of

 

rice

 
32. 

Microcredit programs have been successful in many places with the exception of

 

places with high AIDS mortality rates

 
33. 

The relocation of industry to cities like Paris and London was facilitated by

 

development of railroads

 
34. 

The climatic record documenting the beginning of the Little Ice Age was partially pieced together by using ___________farmer's diaries

 

wine

 
35. 

Which commodity would be found closest to the market town in con Thunen's model

 

milk

 
36. 

Dependency ratio measures

 

the number of young plus the number of elderly per 100 workers

 
37. 

Bio-genetic engineering now allows the growing of new strains in more arid regions of the Plains States to meet the demand of the ______ industry

 

grain export

 
38. 

Examples of luxury crops include

 

tobacco

 
39. 

The United States is the most prolific producer of solid waste. It is estimated that the U.S. produces about ____ pounds per person per day

 

3.5

 
40. 

Tsunami waves result from

 

earthquake displacement of the seafloor

 
41. 

Nike, headquartered in Oregon, employs 20,000 people in that state. What percentage are employed in making shoes

 

0

 
42. 

Subsistence forms of agriculture in peripheral areas produce little in the way of

 

protein

 
43. 

The basic unit of the township-and-range survey system, the section, has an area of

 

1 square mile

 
44. 

In peripheral countries it is not unusual for hotels in tourist areas to be owned by

 

multinational corporations

 
45. 

Which of the following is not an example of a hunting and gathering group that still existed into the early 2000's

 

the Bantu of Southern Africa

 
46. 

The average size of a family farm in China is _____ acres

 

.5

 
47. 

Increasingly, people have come to depend on water sources

 

of uncertain future capacity

 
48. 

Even if the GNP index is used to measure the well_being of a country, it will fail to show

 

the distribution of wealth

 
49. 

________ processes in the commodity chain involve technology, education, research and development, and high wages

 

Core

 
50. 

In areas of shifting cultivation, the population

 

cannot have a high density