Eating Disorders

Total Flash Cards » 25
Text Size » S M L     
 
1. 
What is the main concern of those with anorexia nervosa?
 
Strive to be extremely thin
 
2. 
What are the two types of anorexia nervosa?
 
-Restricting type - little to no variation in diet -Binge-eating/purging
 
3. 
What is the age of onset for anorexia?
 
14-18 years old
 
4. 
Out of everyone with eating disorders, what percent is female?
 
90-95%
 
5. 
How does anorexia nervosa usually begin?
 
Dieting, escalates to more serious problem
 
6. 
What is the death rate percentage of those with anorexia
 
2-6%
 
7. 
What is the DSM criteria for anorexia?
 
Refusal to maintain normal body weight (
 
8. 
What is the driving motivation and preoccupation?
 
Fear, food
 
9. 
What is the vicious cycle of anorexia?
 
Starvation, preoccupation with food, increased anxiety, medical problems, greater feelings of fear/loss of control, harder attempts at thinness
 
10. 
Define bulimia nervosa
 
Eating disorder characterized by binges and compensatory behavior
 
11. 
What are the two subtypes of bulimia nervosa?
 
Purging type, non-purging type
 
12. 
What is the DSM criteria for bulimia nervosa?
 
Repeated binges, repeated purges to prevent weight gain, symptoms last twice a week for three months at least, evaluation dependent on weight
 
13. 
What is the age of onset for bulimia?
 
15-21 years
 
14. 
What is the range of binges per week/average number?
 
2-40, average is 10
 
15. 
Define the characteristics of most binges
 
Highly caloric, preceded by feelings of powerlessness, often carried out in secret
 
16. 
What are the most common compensatory behaviors?
 
Vomiting, use of laxatives and diuretics
 
17. 
What is the "normal" weight of anorexics compared to bulimics?
 
Anorexics severly underweight, bulimics normal/slightly overweight
 
18. 
What causes eating disorders?
 
societal pressures, family environment, biological factors,
 
19. 
Describe societal pressures in terms of eating disorders
 
Current Western standards of beauty, socially-accepted prejudice of overweight people
 
20. 
How to cognitive deficiencies describe eating disorders?
 
Result of disturbed mother-child interactions which led to serious ego deficiencies in the child
 
21. 
What are the biological explanations for eating disorders?
 
Genetic tendency, serotonin, dysfunction in the hypothalamus
 
22. 
What are the treatment goals for anorexia nervosa?
 
Restore proper weight, recover from malnourishment, restore proper eating
 
23. 
What is the focus of treatment for anorexia nervosa?
 
Building independence and self-awareness, correcting disturbed cognitions, changing family interactions
 
24. 
What are the treatment goals for bulimia nervosa?
 
Eliminate binge/purge eating patterns, establish good eating habits, eliminate underlying cause of bulimic patterns
 
25. 
What are the main treatment strategies for treating bulimia nervosa?
 
Individual insight therapy, behavioral therapy anti-depressant medications, group therapy