CNA Chapter 1 terms

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1. 
acute illness
 
a sudden illness from which a person should recover
 
2. 
alzheimers disease
 
a disease that affects brain tissue; there is increasing memory loss and confusion until the person cannot tend to simple personal needs
 
3. 
assisted living facility
 
provides housing, personal care, support services, health care, and activites in a home-like setting
 
4. 
board and care home
 
provides rooms, meals, laundry, and supervision to a few independant residents, often in a home setting; residential care facility
 
5. 
case management
 
a nursing care pattern; a case manager (an RN) coordinates a persons care from admission through discharge and into the home setting
 
6. 
chronic illness
 
an ongoing illness, slow or gradual in onset; it has no cure; the illness can be controlled and complications prevented with proper treatment
 
7. 
deconditioning
 
the process of becoming weak from illness or lack of exercise
 
8. 
functional nursing
 
a nursing care pattern focusing on tasks and jobs; each nursing team member has certain tasks and jobs to do
 
9. 
hospice
 
a health care agency or program for persons who are dying
 
10. 
independence
 
not relying on or requiring care from others
 
11. 
interdisciplinary health care team
 
the many health care workers whose skills and knowledge focus on the persons total care; health team
 
12. 
involuntary seclusion
 
separating a person from others against his or her will; confining a person to a certain area; keeping a person away from his or her room without consent
 
13. 
licensed practical nurse (LPN)
 
a nurse who has completed a 1-year nursing program and has passed a licensing test; called licensed vocational nurse (LVN) in some states
 
14. 
licensed vocational nurse (LVN)
 
licensed practical nurse
 
15. 
medicaid
 
a health care payment program sponsored by teh federal government and operated by the states
 
16. 
medicare
 
a federal health insurance program for persons 65 years of age or older and younger people with certain disabilites
 
17. 
nursing assistant
 
a person who gives basic nursing care under teh supervision of a licensed nurse; nurse aide, nursing attendant, or health care assistant
 
18. 
nursing center
 
provides health careand nursing care to persons who need regular or continuous care; licensed nurses are required; nursing home or nursing facility
 
19. 
nursing facility (NF)
 
nursing center or nursing home
 
20. 
nursing home
 
nursing facility or nursing center
 
21. 
nursing team
 
those who provide nursing care-RNs, LPNs,/LVNs, and nursing assistants
 
22. 
ombudsman
 
someone who supoorts or promotes the needs and interests of another person
 
23. 
Omibus Budget Reconsiliation Act of 1987 (OBRA)
 
a federal law that requires nursing centers to provide care in a manner and in a setting that maintains or improves each persons quality of life, health, and safety
 
24. 
primary nursing
 
a nursing care pattern; an RN is responsible for the person's total care
 
25. 
registered nurse (RN)
 
a nurse who has completed a 2-,3-,or 4-yr nursing program and has passed a licensing test
 
26. 
residential care facility
 
a board and care home
 
27. 
skilled nursing facility (SNF)
 
provides health care and nursing care for residents who have many or severe health problems or who need rehabilitation; may be part of a nursing center or a hospital
 
28. 
team nursing
 
a nursing care pattern; a team of nursing staff is led by an RN who decides the amount and kind of care each person needs