CIS 111 Chapter 9

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1. 
FOr complete protection when backing up your files, you should use a program that creates a_______ of your entire system.
 
image backup
 
2. 
A )_______ virus temporarily erases its code from the files where they reside and then hides in the computer's active memory.
 
stealth
 
3. 
A computer virus normally attaches itself to another computer program known as a:
 
trojan horse
 
4. 
Assigning IP addresses when users log on to their ISP is known as________.
 
dynamic addressing
 
5. 
The most likely method a hacker would use to access a computer is:
 
entering through the internet
 
6. 
Devices that use a unique personal characteristic, such as a fingerprint, in place of a password are called______ authentication devices.
 
biometric
 
7. 
A _______ is a virus that is triggered when certain conditions are met, such as a file opening or starting a program a certain number of times.
 
logic bomb
 
8. 
Hackers who use their knowledge to break into systems just for the fun of it refer to themselves as _________ hackers.
 
white hat
 
9. 
THe best defense against viruses is to install________ which is specifically designed to detect viruses and protect your computer and files from harm.
 
antivirus software
 
10. 
_______ is the act of tricking people into revealing sensitive information and is often associated with credit card fraud.
 
Phishing
 
11. 
The malicious activity perpetrated by a Trojan horse program is often the installation of a _______ program.
 
backdoor
 
12. 
A ______ is a virus that is attached to documents such as Word or Excel files.
 
macro virus
 
13. 
A majority of online credit card fraud results from:
 
phishing
 
14. 
Which of the following classifications of viruses can change its own code?
 
polymorphic
 
15. 
_______ software can identify and eliminate known viruses effectively.
 
antivirus
 
16. 
______ is an unwanted piggyback program that usually downloads with software you are installing from the internet.
 
Spyware
 
17. 
A ______ virus can change its own code.
 
polymorphic
 
18. 
During the process of ______ the antivirus software records key attributes about the files on your computer and keeps these statistics in a safe place on your hard drive.
 
inoculation
 
19. 
Unwanted, unsolicited e-mail is referred to as _______.
 
spam
 
20. 
A ________ is the portion of virus code that is unique to a particular computer virus.
 
virus signature
 
21. 
_______ makes broadband users more vulnerable to attacks.
 
Static addressing
 
22. 
A _______ is a secure internet pathway that large corporations use to protect sensitive data.
 
virtual private network (VPN)
 
23. 
_______ viruses compress common data files into a file using a complex key, rendering your files unusable.
 
encryption
 
24. 
Which of the statements about protecting against power surges is FALSE?
 
printers do not require power surge protection
 
25. 
A _______ is a portion of virus code that is unique to a particular computer virus.
 
virus signature
 
26. 
All of the following approaches can be taken to protect your notebook computer from theft EXCEPT:
 
installing an external hard drive
 
27. 
Hackers who use their knowledge to destroy information are known as _______ hackers.
 
black hat
 
28. 
Configuring a firewall to deny packets sent to specific logical ports is referred to as _______.
 
packet filtering
 
29. 
_______ occur when a Web site downloads harmful software onto your computer.
 
Drive-by downloads
 
30. 
A person with malicious intent can take complete control of your computer by using a backdoor program.
 
TRUE
 
31. 
Wireless networks are no more vulnerable to packet than are wired networks.
 
FALSE
 
32. 
A _______ is composed of software programs known as robots or bots, which run automatically on zombie computers.
 
botnet
 
33. 
The _______ is a program that executes whenever a computer boots up.
 
master boot record
 
34. 
_______ encourages internet users to reveal sensitive information that could lead to identity theft by sending e-mails that look like they are from legitimate companies but are, in fact, fake.
 
phishing
 
35. 
Many phtoocopiers have hard drives, just as computers do, which makes them a potential target for identity thieves.
 
TRUE
 
36. 
A _______ can help block unwanted, unsolicited e-mail.
 
spam filter
 
37. 
A _______ backs up only the files on a computer that have changed since the last time a backup was performed.
 
incremental backup
 
38. 
Which of the following is formally defined as any criminal action perpetrated primarily though the use of a computer?
 
cybercrime
 
39. 
Instant messaging programs are susceptible to virus attacks.
 
TRUE
 
40. 
_______ encourages internet users to reveal sensitive information that could lead to identity theft by sending e-mails that look like they are from legitimate companies but are, in fact, fake.
 
Phishing
 
41. 
_______ are virtual communication paths that allow a computer to organize requests for information from other networks or computers.
 
logical ports
 
42. 
You can block logical ports to invaders and make your computer invisible to others on the internet by installing:
 
a firewall
 
43. 
_______ is a process used by firewalls to assign internal IP addresses on a network.
 
Network address translation and NAT
 
44. 
A _______ is a virus that is triggered when certain conditions are met, such as opening a file a certain number of times.
 
logic bomb
 
45. 
A _______ virus temporarily erases its code from the files where it resides and then hides in active memory of the computer.
 
stealth
 
46. 
Which of the following statements about cookies is NOT true?
 
cookies obtain your personal information by searching your hard drive.
 
47. 
_______ is doing anything with a computer while you are being paid to do your job.
 
cyberloafing
 
48. 
When electrical current is supplied in excess of normal voltage, this results in a _______.
 
power surge
 
49. 
A ________ is a program that appears to be something useful or desirable but does something malicious in the background without your knowledge.
 
trojan horse
 
50. 
Drive-by downloads occur when:
 
a web site downloads harmful software onto your computer.
 
51. 
VPN stands for:
 
Virtual private network
 
52. 
_______ floods a computer with requests until it shuts down and refuses to answer any requests for information.
 
A DDoS atack
 
53. 
A _______ virus runs a program that searches for common data files, compresses them, and makes them unusable.
 
encryption
 
54. 
A _______ works independently of host file execution and is much more active in spreading itself than a virus is.
 
worm
 
55. 
As defined by the NSA and the Office of Homeland Security, a set of measures intended to protect and defend information and information systems is referred to as:
 
information quality control.
 
56. 
Configuring a firewall to ignore all incoming packets that request access to a specific port is known as:
 
logical port blocking
 
57. 
A virus's main purpose is to _______ itself and copy its code into as many other files as possible.
 
replicate
 
58. 
All of the following can be used for backing up data files EXCEPT:
 
RAM
 
59. 
_______ is characterized by someone using your personal information to assume your identity for the purpose of defrauding others.
 
identity theft
 
60. 
The process of inoculation occurs when antivirus software finds an infected file and moves it to a secure place on your hard drive.
 
FALSE
 
61. 
A zombie is another person's computer controlled by a hacker.
 
TRUE
 
62. 
_______ involves exploiting a flaw in Bluetooth access software for the purpose of accessing a bluetooth device and stealing the information contained on it.
 
Bluesnarfing
 
63. 
A _______ is a secure internet pathway that large corporations use to protect sensitive data.
 
VPN
 
64. 
A hoax is referred to as a ________ after it becomes so well known that it is incorporated into society as if it were true.
 
urban legend
 
65. 
The Windows utility that can automatically install security patches is called _______.
 
update
 
66. 
with regard to computer protection, quarantining is defined as:
 
placing a found virus in a secure area on the hard drive
 
67. 
_______ occurs when a hacker takes over a Bluetooth-enabled device so that he or she can make phone calls.
 
bluebugging
 
68. 
_______ is an unwanted piggyback program that usually downloads with software you are installing from the internet.
 
spyware
 
69. 
Code issued by the manufacturer of software programs that repairs known security problems is referred to as a _______.
 
software patch and patch
 
70. 
The purpose of network address translation (NAT) is to:
 
hide user IP addresses from the internet
 
71. 
Using a _______, hackers can access and delete all files on your computer, send e-mail, run programs, and do just about anything else you can do with you computer.
 
backdoor program
 
72. 
_______ occurs when a hacker takes control of a bluetooth-enabled device to make phone calls, read phonebook entries, send and receive text messages, and more.
 
bluebugging
 
73. 
Which of these statements about physically protecting your computer is FALSE?
 
Data line surges can be blocked by using a computer surround.
 
74. 
A cyberspace _______ is an attempt to make someone believe something that is untrue.
 
hoax
 
75. 
For complete protection when backing up your files, you should use a program that creates a _______ of your entire system.
 
image backup
 
76. 
If your IP address is always the same, you have a _______ address.
 
static
 
77. 
For security reasons, you should be extremely wary of opening e-mail _______ such as Word files.
 
attachments
 
78. 
Most often, hackers initiate a DDoS attack by creating and activating _______ computers.
 
zombie
 
79. 
Spyware programs that monitor keystrokes with the intent of stealing passwords, login IDs, or credit card information are referred to as:
 
keystroke loggers
 
80. 
_______ is doing anything with a computer while you are being paid to do your job.
 
cyberloafing
 
81. 
A _______ is defined as any criminal action perpetrated primarily through the use of a computer.
 
cybercrime
 
82. 
A _______ virus is designed to infect multiple file types in an effort to fool antivirus software.
 
multipartite
 
83. 
All computers connected to the internet have a unique address referred to as a _______.
 
Internet Protocol (IP) address
 
84. 
Which of the following is a program that appears to be something useful or desirable but does something malicious in the background.
 
Trojan Horse
 
85. 
Many _______ sold for home use are also configured as firewalls and are capable of performing network address translation (NAT).
 
routers
 
86. 
Spyware programs that monitor keystrokes with the intent of stealing passwords, login IDs, or credit card information are referred to as_____.
 
keystroke loggers
 
87. 
Social _______ is any technique that uses social skills to generate human interaction that entices individuals to reveal sensitive information.
 
engineering
 
88. 
A _______ is a computer program that investigates data packets as they travel through the network and is often used by hackers to capture sensitive or private data for illegal purposes.
 
packet sniffer
 
89. 
Photocopiers do not present any vulnerability for potential hackers.
 
FALSE
 
90. 
Young, amateur hackers are often referred to as _______.
 
script kiddies
 
91. 
Social _______ is any technique that uses social skills to generate human interaction that entices individuals to reveal sensitive information.
 
engineering
 
92. 
Adware and spyware are referred to collectively as:
 
grayware
 
93. 
During the process of _______ the antivirus software records key attributes about the files on your computer and keeps these statistics in a safe place on your hard drive.
 
encryption
 
94. 
A packet sniffer is a program that can enable a hacker to do all of the following EXCEPT:
 
launch a denial of service (DoS) attack on your computer.
 
95. 
Devices that use a unique personal characteristic, such as a fingerprint, in place of a password are called _______. authentication devices.
 
biometric
 
96. 
Which type of virus was the famous Michelangelo virus?
 
a time bomb
 
97. 
A virus signature is a portion of virus code that is unique to a particular computer virus.
 
TRUE
 
98. 
A _______ virus runs a program that searches for common data files, compresses them, and make them unusable.
 
encryption
 
99. 
Rules for creating passwords include all of the following EXCEPT:
 
keep your password written down and stored in any easy-to-remember location
 
100. 
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) uses port _______.
 
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