Chapter 20 - Skin Diseases and Disorders

Total Flash Cards » 51
 
1. 

Skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands from retained secretions and Propionbacterium acnes (P. acnes) bacteria.

 

Acne

 
2. 

Congenital leukoderma or absence of melanin pigment of the body, including the hair, skin, and eyes.

 

Albinism

 
3. 

Deficiency in perspiration, often a result of fever or certain skin diseases.

 

Anhidrosis

 
4. 

Condition of dry, scaly skin due to a deficiency or absence of sebum that is caused by old age and by exposure to cold.

 

Asteatosis

 
5. 

Most common and least severe type of skin cancer; often characterized by light or pearly nodules.

 

Basal Cell Carcinoma

 
6. 

Foul-smelling perspiration, usually noticeable in the armpits or on the feet.

 

Bromhidrosis

 
7. 

Large blister containing a watery fluid; similar to a vesicle but larger.

 

Bulla (plural: bullae)

 
8. 

Condition characterized by increased pigmentation on the skin in spots that are not elevated.

 

Chloasma

 
9. 

Hair follicle filled with keratin and sebum. When the sebum of the comedone is exposed to the environment, it oxidizes and turns black (blackheads). When the follicle is closed and not exposed to the environment, comedones are a white or cream color (whiteheads).

 

Comedo (plural: comedones)

 
10. 

Dead cells that form over a wound or blemish while it is healing; an accumulation of sebum and pus, sometimes mixed with epidermal material.

 

Crust

 
11. 

Closed, abnormally developed sac containing fluid, semifluid, or morbid matter, above or below the skin.

 

Cyst

 
12. 

Inflammatory condition of the skin

 

Dermatitis

 
13. 

Also known as contact dermatitis. An eruptive skin infection caused by contact with irritating substance such as chemicals or tints.

 

Dermatitis Venenata

 
14. 

Inflammatory, painful itching disease of the skin, acute or chronic in nature, presenting many forms of dry or moist lesions.

 

Eczema

 
15. 

Skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping.

 

Excoriation

 
16. 

Crack in the skin that penetrates the epidermis, such as chapped hands or lips.

 

Fissure

 
17. 

Fever blister or cold sore; recurring viral infection

 

Herpes Simplex

 
18. 

Excessive sweating, caused by heat or general body weakness.

 

Hyperhidrosis

 
19. 

Abnormal growth of the skin.

 

Hypertrophy

 
20. 

Thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue.

 

Keloid

 
21. 

Acquired, superficial, thickened patch of epidermis commonly known as callus, caused by pressure or friction on the hands and feet.

 

Keratoma

 
22. 

Technical term for freckles. Small yellow- to brown-colored spots on skin exposed to sunlight and air.

 

Lentigines (singular: lentigo)

 
23. 

Mark on the skin. May indicate an injury or damage that changes the structure of tissues or organs.

 

Lesion

 
24. 

Skin condition characterized by light abnormal patches; caused by a burn or congenital disease that destroys the pigment-producing cells.

 

Leukoderma

 
25. 

Spot or discoloration on the skin, such as a freckle.

 

Macule (plural: maculae)

 
26. 

Most serious form of skin cancer; often characterized by black or dark brown patches on the skin that may appear uneven in texture, jagged, or raised.

 

Malignant Melanoma

 
27. 

Benign, keratin-filled cysts that can appear just under the epidermis and have no visible opening.

 

Milia

 
28. 

Acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands, characterized by the eruption of small red vesicles and accompanied by burning, itching skin.

 

Miliaria Rubra

 
29. 

Small, brownish spot or blemish on the skin, ranging in color from pale tan to brown or bluish black.

 

Mole

 
30. 

Small or large malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries; commonly known as birthmark.

 

Nevus

 
31. 

Pimple; small circumscribed elevation on the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus.

 

Papule

 
32. 

Skin disease characterized by red patches, covered with silver-white scales usually found on the scalp, elbows, knees, chest, and lower back, but rarely on the face.

 

Psoriasis

 
33. 

Inflamed pimple containing pus.

 

Pustule

 
34. 

Chronic congestion appearing primarily on the cheeks and nose, characterized by redness, dilation of the blood vessels, and formation of papules and pustules.

 

Rosacea

 
35. 

Any thin plate of epidermal flakes, dry or oily, such as abnormal or excessive dandruff.

 

Scale

 
36. 

Light-colored, slightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed.

 

Scar or Cicatrix

 
37. 

Skin condition caused by an inflammation of the sebaceous glands. Often characterized by inflammatio, dry or oily scaling, or crusting and/or itchiness.

 

Seborrheic Dermatitis

 
38. 

A greatly increased or exaggerated sensitivity to products.

 

Sensitization

 
39. 

A small brown or flesh-colored outgrowth of the skin.

 

Skin Tag

 
40. 

Type of skin cancer more serious than basal cell carcinoma; often characterized by scaly red papules or nodules.

 

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

 
41. 

Abnormal brown or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular and irregular shape.

 

Stain

 
42. 

Sebaceous cyst or fatty tumor.

 

Steatoma

 
43. 

Change in pigmenation of skin caused by exposure to the sun or ultraviolet rays.

 

Tan

 
44. 

Dilation of the surface blood vessels.

 

Telangiectasias

 
45. 

Abnormal rounded, solid lump above, within, or under the skin; larger than a papule.

 

Tubercle

 
46. 

A swelling; an abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive multiplication of cells, varying in size, shape, and color.

 

Tumor

 
47. 

Open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth.

 

Ulcer

 
48. 

Technical term for wart; hypertrophy of the papillae and epidermis.

 

Verruca

 
49. 

Small blister or sac containing clear fluid, lying within or just beneath the epidermis.

 

Vesicle

 
50. 

Milky-white spots (leukoderma) of the skin. Vitiligo is hereditary and may be related to thyroid conditions.

 

Vitiligo

 
51. 

Itchy, swollen lesion that lasts only a few hours; caused by a blow, the bite of an insect, urticaria, or the sting of a nettle.

 

Wheal