Art history

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Jan Verneer 'The Letter' 1666
 
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Gerrit van Honthorst 'Supper Party' 1620
-Not bright color palete
-Played with light source
--Showed relaxed lifestyle, against Calvinist believes, dangers of having too much fun
 
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Jan Steen 'The Feast of Saint Nicholas' 1660-5
-The modern day Santa Clause
-Things going wrong
 
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Frans Hals 'Women Regents of the Old Men's home of Haarlem' 1664 DUTCH

-The women in the painting are patronages they donated money to old mens home
-Realistic didn't pretty them up
 
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Jacob Ruisdael 'View of Haarlem from the Dunes at Overveen' 1670
-What you see
 
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Jan Vermeer 'Allegory of the Art of Painting' 1670-05
 
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Pieter Claesz 'Vanitas' Still Life c1630s
-Fits nicely into houses
The feelings qualities of life
Memento Mori-the remberence of death
-Material concerns won't last forever
 
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Rachel Ruysch 'Flower Still Life' c1700
 
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Peter Paul Rubens 'Elevation of the Cross' Altarpiece Saint Walburg, Antwerp 1610
-Religious imagery
-Painted after 10 years in Rome
-Many layers of color (Titian)
-Learned from artist before him
-Muscles (Michelangelo)
-Light to dark (Caravaggio)
 
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Rubens 'Arrival of Marie de Medici at Marseilles' 1622-25
Located Palais Luxembourg, Paris
-For powerful Italian family
-A queen asked Rubens to make a series of paintings for her to make her look powerful
 
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Rembrandt van Rijn 'Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp' 1632
-The students learning and all looking at different things
-Individual people and faces
 
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Rembrandt 'Night Watch' 1642
-Comissioned by groups located in Amsterdam
-Original suppose to take plc\ace during the day, but glaze over it made it appear dark
-More diversity more complexity
-Related to military painting
 
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Rembrandt 'Self-Portrait' in Kenwood House 1660
-Not idealized
-Showed who he was as an artist
-He made a lot of self portraits
 
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Rembrandt 'Hundred-Guilder Print' 1649
-Sell multiple
-MAke more of a profit
-Really just one color of ink
 
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Jusepe Ribera 'Martyrdom of Saint Philip' 1639
-Religious figure, not idealized
-Body distressed
-Less glorious
-Face shows agony
 
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Francisco de Zurbaran 'Saint Serapion' 1628
-Zero in on subject
-Counter reformation idea focus on main topic
-Direct light, rooted in reality
-Empathy
 
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Diego Velazques 'Water Carrier of Seville' 1619
-Inspired by Caravaggio
-Used common pictures in his early work
-This piece caught King Philip's attention
 
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Deigo Velazquez 'Portrait of Philip IV' 1644
-Huge jaw from inbreeding
-Diego become really close with King Philip
 
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Velazquez 'Surrender at Breda' 1634
-Strong use of propaganda
-Historical content
-Devoted to political expansion
-Spanish victory over a small town
-12 feet big
-Military bloddyness down played
 
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Velazquez 'Las Menias' 1656
-Means 'Ladies in Waiting'
-Doesn't fit into any kind of painting
-King and Queen in mirror
 
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Hyacinthe Rigaud 'State Portrait of Louis XIV' 1700
-Showing of his 'dancing' legs
-Not really showing Louis XIV, but representing France
-Idealized
 
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Antoine Watteau 'L'Indifferent' 1716
-Means the different one
-Out of date outfit
-body communicates what was going on in your mind
-Graceful pose
 
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Watteau 'Pilgrimage to Cythera' 1717
-People of France going to or coming from Vensus's island- Cythera
-Submitted to academy of France and they were confused what exactly to call it
-Fete-galante-the genry made for this painting
-Its a form of Rococo of people having fun
 
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Francois Boucher 'Cupid a Captive' 1754
-Portraits were popular high income of middle class
-Encourages romantic ideas
-Had to please costumers (merchant painting)
 
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Claude Michel 'Satyr Crowning a Bacchante' c1770
-Smaller statues
-Wide spread commerce for art
-Light hearted
 
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Francois Cuvillies 'Hall of Mirrors' early 18century
-Located in Amalienburg Munich
-Heavy Rococo
-A log of color
-No paintings
-Oranmentation
-Decroations look muted through the natural light
 
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Balthasar Neumann 'Vierzehnheligen' 1743-72
-Rococo church
-Pilgrimage church
-Rococo churches were usually located in the middle of no where
-Sense of space is flexible
 
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Joseph Wright Derby 'A Philosopher Giving a Lecture at the Orrery' c1763-65
-Solar system
-Science lectures were forms of entertainment
-Science can help you with the way the world works (Enlightenment ideas)
 
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William Hogarth 'Marriage a la Mode' Scene 2 1745
-Depicts real people and makes fun of them
-The painting is just one of a giant story telling the shams of marriage
-Shows couple wasting money
 
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Thomas Gainsborough 'Mrs Richard Brinsley Sheridan' 1787
-Sensibility sense of world and yourself by personal experience
-Out in nature
-In natural surrounding, harmony in the world
-Enlightenment inspired
 
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Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, Grace at Table, 1740
-'Taste for the natural"
-Baroque and Rococo looked a little over the top
-People in their 'natural' being at home
-Furnishing is modest
-Smallest child being taught values
-Owned by Louis 15th --shared the embrace of the simple life style
 
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Angelica Kauffmann, Cornelia Pointing to Her Children as Her Treasures, 1785
-Neoclassicism fascinated with ancient world (The birth of Reason)
-'New' Renaissance
-truth, simpliticy, honesty
-History painting
 
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Jacques-Louis David Oath of the Horatii, 1784
-Another history piece
-Hyper masculine
-Neoclassical
-People are sober
-Triangle composition
 
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Jacques-Louis David Death of Morat, 1793
-Contempory event
-Morat a revolutionist, killed by anti-revolutionist
 
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Richard Boyle and Wm. Kent Chiswick House
-London 1725
-Revival of classical reform
-In contrast of French Rococo
-English garden 'park' opposed to French gardens
-Inspired by Palladio
-Form before
 
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Thomas Jefferson University of Virginia (Library), Charlottesville VA, 1819-1826
-Dome at center
-A library at the center of campus-knowledge
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Horatio Greenough George Washington 1840
-how to represent out greatest leader
-Shocked his top was off
 
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Fracisco de Goya 'The Sleep of Reason Produce Monster' from Los Caprchrios 1798
-Etching, print
-Nightmares
-Reaction to Enlightenment ideas
 
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Goya 'Saturn Devouring One of his Children c1820-23
-Painting for his house
-Subject of passion, madness
-In Spain during political upheaval
-Brushyness, passion, and quickness
-shocking
 
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Goya Executions of the Third of May, 1808, 1814
-Commission by the King
-advertisment for Spanish Kingdom
-Spanish rebels confronted by French
-You dont see the French, but you see the scared faces of the Spanish
 
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Théodore Géricault "Raft the Medusa" 1819

-Painting of true story of the ship

-Captian of ship took all the life boats and let people tofend from themselve

-it was a French captain, close to French King

-15 survived

 
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Delacroix 'Liberty leading the People' 1830
-group of Rebels
-Fighting against unjust government
-Notre Dame is behind them
-Symbol of nationalism
 
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Delacroix "Death of Sardanapalus' 1826
-King killing himself
-His women being slaughtered
-No blood actually being shown, red blanket
-scary, passionate, sexy
-Harem Scene
 
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Turner 'The Slave Ship' 1840
-Englishmen, no slaves in England?
-extreme brushyness
-Ship is being dragged down and they are throwing off slaves
The Sublime--natural world over taking people

 
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Church 'Twilight in the Wilderness' 1860's
-Painted American wilderness
-We may not have great architecture but we got this pretty landscape
-Country full of passion
-America was a place to start over