Urinary/Respiratory System

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1. NASAL SEPTUM partition separating the right and left nasal cavities.
2. NOSE lined with mucos membrane and fine hairs. It acts as a filter to moisten ad warm the entering air.
3. PARANASAL SINUSES air cavities within the cranial bones that open into the nasal cavities.
4. PHARYNX serves as a food and air passageway. Air enters from the nasal cavities and passes through the pharynx to the larynx. Food enters the pharynx from the mouth and passes into the esophagus.
5. ADENOIDS lymphoid tissue lovated behind the mouth
6. tonsils lymphoid tissue located behind the mouth.
7. Larynx (also called the voice box) location of the vocal cords. Air enters from the pharynx
8. epiglottis flap of cartilage that automatically covers the opening of and keeps food from entering the larynx during swallowing.
9. trachea (also called the windpipe) passage way for air to the bronchi
10. bronchus one of two branches from the trachea that conducts air into the lungs, where it divides and subdivides. The branchings resemble a tree, herefore they are referred to as a bronchail tree.
11. bronchioles smallest subdivision of the bronchial tree.
12. alveolus air sacs at the end of the bronchioles. Oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged through the alveolar walls and the capillaries
13. lungs two spongelike organs in the thoracic cavity. The right lung consists of three lobes, and the left has two lobes
14. pleura serous membrane covering each lung adn lining the thoracic cavity
15. diaphragm muscular partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity. It aids in the breathing process
16. mediastinum space between the lungs. It contains the heart, esophagus, trachea, great blood vessels, and other structures.
17. adenoid/o adenoids
18. alveolo alveolus
19. bronchi broncho bronchus
20. diaphragmato diaphragm
21. epiglotto epiglottis
22. laryngo larynx
23. lobo lobe
24. rhino naso nose
25. pharyngo pharynx
26. pleuro pleura
27. pneumo pneumato pneumono lung, air
28. pulmono lung
29. septo septum (wall off, fence)
30. sinuso sinus
31. thoraco thorax (chest)
32. tonsillo tonsil
33. tracheo trachea
34. atelo imperfect, incomplete
35. capno carbon dioxide
36. hemo hemato blood
37. muco mucus
38. ortho straight
39. oxo oxi oxygen
40. pyo pus
41. somno sleep
42. spiro breathe, breathing
43. a- an- without or absence of
44. endo- within
45. eu- normal, good
46. pan- all, total
47. poly many, much
48. algia pain
49. -ar -ary -eal pertaining to
50. -cele hernia or protrusion
51. -centesis surgical puncture to aspirated fluid (with a sterile needle)
52. -ectasis stretching out, diation, expansion
53. -emia blood condition
54. -gram record, x-ray imaging
55. -graphy process of recording, x-ray imaging
56. -meter instument used to measure
57. -metry measurement
58. -oxia oxygen
59. -pexy surgical fixation, suspension
60. -phonia sound or voice
61. -pnea breathing
62. -rrhagia rapid flow of blood
63. -scope instrument used for visual examination
64. -scopic pertaining to visual examination
65. -scopy visual examination
66. -spasm sudden, involuntary muscle contraction
67. -stenosis constriction or narrowing
68. -stomy creation of an artificail opening
69. -thorax chest
70. -tomy cut into or incision
71. adenoiditis inflammation of the adenoids
72. atelectasis incomplete expansion (of the lung of a new born or collapsed lung)
73. bronchiectasis dilation of the bronchi
74. bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi
75. bronchogenin carcinoma cancerous tumore originating in the bronchus
76. bronchopneumonia diseased state of the bronchi and lungs
77. diaphragmatocele hernia of the diaphragm
78. diaphragmatocele hernia of the diaphragm
79. epiglottitis inflammation of the epigottis
80. hemothorax blood in the chest
81. laryngitis inflammation of the larynx
82. laryngothracheobronchitis inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi
83. lobar pneumonia pertaing to the lobes; diseased state of the lung (infection of one or more loves of the lung.)
84. nasophayngitis inflammation of the nose and pharynx
85. pansinusitis inflammation of all sinuses
86. pharyngitis inflammation of pharynx
87. pleuritis inflammation of the pleura (also called pleurisy)
88. pneumatocele hernia of the lung (lung tissue protrudes through the chest)
89. pneumoconiosis abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
90. pneumonia diseased state of the lung
91. pneumonitis inflammation of the lung
92. pneumothorax air in the chest, which causes collapse of the lung
93. pulmonary neoplasm pertaining to a tumor of new growth in the lung
94. pyothorax pus in the chest AKA-empyema
95. rhinitis inflammation of the nose
96. rhinomycosis abnormal condition of fungus in the nose
97. rhinorrhagia rapid flow of blood from the nose AKA-epistaxis
98. thoracalgia pain in the chest
99. tonsillitis inflammation of the tonsils
100. tracheitis inflammation of the trachea
101. tracheostenosis narrowing of the trachea
102. adult respiratory distress respiratory failure in an adult as a result of disease or injury. Symptoms include dyspnea, rapid breathing, adn cyanosis. AKA-acute respiratory distress syndrome
103. asthma respiratory disease characterized by paroxysms of coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath
104. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease a group of disorders that are almost always a result of smoking that obstructs bronchial flow. One or mroe of the following is present: emphysema, chronic bronchitis, brochospasm, and bronchiolitis
105. coccidiodomycosis fugal disease affecting the lungs and sometimes other organs of the body AKA- valley fever, or cocci
106. cor pulmonale serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disorders, such as emphysema
107. croup condition resulting form acute obstruction of the larynx, characterized by a barking cough, hoarseness, and stidor. It may be caused by viral or bacterial infection, allergy, or foreign body. Occurs mainly in children.
108. cystinc fibrosis hereditary disorder of the endocrine glads characterized by excess mucus production in the repiratory tract, pancreatic deficiency, and other symptoms
109. diviated septum one part of the nasal cavity is smaller because of malformaion or injury
110. emphysema stretching of lung tissue caused by the alveoli becoming distended and losing elasticity
111. epistaxis nosebleed synonymous with rhnorrhagia
112. influenza highly infectious respiratory disease caused by a virus
113. legionaire disease a lobar pneumonia caused by the bacerium
114. obstructive sleep apnea reptitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep which leads to absence of breathing
115. pertussis respiratory disease characterized by an acute crowing inspiration, or whoop (synonymous with whooping cough)
116. pleural effusion escape of fluid into the pleural space as a result of inflammation
117. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia a pneumonia caused by P. carinii, a fungus common disease in patients with AIDS
118. pulmonary edema fluid accumulation in the alveoli and bronchioles
119. pulmonary embolism foreign matter, such as a blood clot, air, or fat clot, carried in the circulation to the pulmonary artery, where it blocks circulation
120. tuberculosis an infectious disease, caused by an acid-fast bacillus, most commonly spread by inhalation of small particles and usually affecting the lungs
121. upper respiratory infection infection of the nasal cavity, pharynx, or larynx
122. adenoidectomy excision of the adenoids
123. adenotome surgical instrument used to cut the adenoids
124. bronchoplasty surgical repair of a bronchus
125. laryngectomy excision of the larynx
126. laryngoplasty surgical repair of the larynx
127. laryngostomy creation of an artificial opening into the larynx
128. laryngotracheotomy incision of the larynx and trachea
129. lobectomy excision of a lobe
130. pleuropexy surgical fixation of the pleura
131. pneumobronchotomy incision of lung and bronchus
132. pneumoectomy excision of a lung
133. rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
134. septoplasty surgical repair of the (nasal) septum
135. septotomy incision into the (nasal) septum
136. sinusotomy incision of a sinus
137. thoracocentesis surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the chest cavity
138. thoracotomy incision into the chest cavity
139. tonsillectomy excisoin of the tonsils
140. tracheoplasty surgical repair of the trachea
141. tracheostomy creation of an artificial opening into teh trachea
142. tracheotomy incision of the trachea
143. brochoscope instrument used for visual examination of the bronchi
144. bronchoscopy visual examination of the bronchi
145. endoscope instrument used for visual examination within (a hollow organ or body cavity).
146. endoscopic pertaining to visual examination withing a hollow organ or body cavity.
147. endoscopy visual examination within a hollow organ or body cavity.
148. laryngoscope instument used for visual examination of the larynx
149. laryngoscopy visual examination of the larynx
150. thoracoscope instument used for visual examination of the thorax
151. thoracoscopy visual examination of the thorax
152. capnometer instrument used to measure carbo dioxide
153. capnometer instrument used to measure carbo dioxide
154. oximeter instrument used to measure oxygen
155. spirometer instument used to measure breathing or lung volumes
156. spirometry a measurement of breathing or lung volumes
157. ploysomnography process of recording many (tests) during sleep
158. anoxia absense (deficiency) of oxygen
159. acapnia condition of absence (less than normal level) of carbon dioxide (in the blood)
160. aphonia absence of voice
161. bronchoalveolar pertaining t the brochi and alveoli
162. bronchospasm spasmodic contraction in teh bronchi
163. diaphragmatic pertaining to the diaphragm
164. dysphonia difficult speaking
165. dyspnea difficult breathing
166. enotracheal pertaining to within the trachea
167. eupenea normal breathing
168. hypercapnia condition of excessive carbon dioxide in the blood
169. hyperpnea excessive breathing
170. hypocapnia condition of deficient carbon dioxide in the blood
171. hypopnea dificient oxygen in the blood
172. hypoxia deficient oxygen (to the tissue)
173. intrapleural pertaining to within the pleura
174. laryngeal pertaining to the larynx
175. laryngospasm spasmodic contradiction of the larynx
176. laryngospasm spasmodic contraction of the larynx
177. mucoid resembling mucus
178. mucous pertaining to mucus
179. nasopharyngeal pertaining to the nose and phaynx
180. orthopnea able to breathe only in an upright position
181. pulmonary pertaining to the lungs
182. rhinorrhea discharge from the nose (as in a cold)
183. thoracic pertaining to the chest
184. airway passageway by which air enters and leaves the lungs as well as a mechanical device used to keep the air passageway unobstructed
185. asphyxia deprivation of oxygen for tissue use; suffocation
186. aspirate to withdraw fluid or to suction as well as to draw foreign material into the respiratory tract
187. bronchoconstrictor agent causing narrowing of the bronchi
188. bronchodilator agent causing the bronchi to widen
189. cough sudden, noisy expulsion of air from the lung
190. hiccup sudded catching of breath with a spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm AKA- hiccough
191. hyperventilation ventilation of the lungs beyond normal needs
192. hypoventilation ventilation of the lungs that does not fulfill the body's gas exchange needs
193. mucopurulent containing both mucus and pus
194. nebulizer device that creates a mist used to deliver medication for giving repiratory treatment
195. nosocomial infection an infection acquired during hospitalizaiton
196. paroxysm periodic, sudden attack
197. patent open (an airway must be patent)
198. sputum mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
199. ventilator mechanical device used to assist with or substitute for breathing when patient cannot breathe unassisted
200. kidneys two bean-shaped organs located on each side of the vertebral column on the posterier wall of the abdominal cavity behind the parietal peritoneum. Their function is to remove waste products from the blood and to aid in maintaining water adn electrolyte balance.
201. nephron urine-producing microscopic structure.
202. glomerulus cluster of capillaries at the entrance of the nephron. The process of fliltering the blood thereby forming urine, begins here.
203. renal pelvis funnel-shaped reservior that collects the urine and passes it to the ureter
204. hilum indentaiton on the medial side of the kidney where the ureter leaces the kidney
205. ureters two slender tubes, approximately 10 to 13 inches long, that recieve the urine from the kidneys and carry it to the posterior portion of the baldder
206. urinary bladder muscular, hollow organ that temporarily holds the urine. As it fills, the thick, musculare wall becomes thinner, and the organ increases in size
207. urethra lowest part of the urinary tract, through which the urine passes from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body. This narrow tube varries in length by sex. It is 1.5 inches in females and 8 in males. Serves as a urogenital pore for males also.
208. urinary meatus opening through which the urine passes to the outside
209. cysto vesico bladder, sac
210. glomerulo glomerulus
211. meato meatus opening
212. nephro reno kidney
213. pyelo renal pelvis
214. uretero ureter
215. urethro urethra
216. albumino albumin
217. azoto urea, nitrogen
218. blasto developing cell, germ cell
219. glyco glycos sugar
220. hydro water
221. litho stone, calculus
222. nocti night
223. oligo scanty, few
224. sono sound
225. tomo cut, section
226. urino uro urine, urinary tract
227. -iasis -esis condition
228. -lysis loosening, dissolution, separating
229. -megaly enlargement
230. -ptosis drooping, sagging, prolapse
231. -rrhaphy suturing, repairing
232. -tripsy surgical crushing
233. -trophy nourishment, development
234. -uria urine, urination
235. cysocele protrusion of the bladder
236. cystolith stone in the bladder
237. nephroptosis drooping kidney AKA- floating kidney
238. pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney
239. uremia condition of urine (urea) in the blood
240. ureterostenosis narrowing of the ureter
241. polycystic kidney disease condition in which the kidney contains many cysts and is enlarged
242. renal calculi stones in the kidney
243. sepsis a condition in which pathogenic microorganisms, usually bacteria, enter the blood stream causing a systemic inflammatory response to the infection AKA- septicema
244. urinary tract infection infection of one or more organs of the urinary tract
245. cystolithotomy incision of the bladder to remove a stone
246. lithotripsy surgical crushing of a stone
247. nephroplexy surgical fixation of the kidney
248. nephrostomy creation of an artificial opening into the kidney
249. nyelolithotomy incision of the renal pelvis to remove a stone
250. ureterostomy creation of an artificial opening into the uterer
251. extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy a noninvasive treatment for removal of a kidney or ureteral stone(s). By using ultrasound and fluoroscopic imaging, the stone is positioned at a focal point.
252. intavenous urogram x-ray image fo the urinary tract AKA- pyelogram
253. nephrography x-ray imaging of the kidney
254. retrograde urogram x-ray image fo the urinary tract with a contrast medium instilled through urethral catheters by a cystoscope
255. voiding cystourethrography x-ray imaging of the bladder and the urethra
256. urethroscope instrument used for visual examination of the urethra
257. urinalysis multiple routine tests performed on a urine specimen
258. anuria absence of urine (failure of the kidneys to produce urine)
259. diuresis condition of urine passing through (increased excretion of urine.)
260. glycosuria sugar (glucose) in the urine
261. hematuria blood in the urine
262. oliguria scanty urine
263. polyuria much (excessive) urine
264. urology study of urinary tract
265. catheter flexible, tubelike device, such as a urinary catheter, for withdrawing or instilling fluids
266. diuretic agent that increases the formation and excretion of urine
267. enuresis invlountary urination (bed wetting)
268. incontinence inability to control bladder or bowels
269. micturate to urinate or void
270. urodynamics pertaining to thte force and flow of urine within the urinary tract