Basic-MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY 3

Total Flash Cards » 220
 
1. 

abdominocentesis

 

surgical puncture into the abdominal cavity to remove fluid

 
2. 

abdominopelvic

 

relating to the abdominal and pelic cavity

 
3. 

cranial

 

relating to the scull

 
4. 

cranium

 

skull

 
5. 

diaphragm

 

muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities

 
6. 

dura

 

refers to dura mater= outer membrane protecting the brain and spinal cord

 
7. 

foramen, foramen magnum

 

opening, large opening

 
8. 

/rrhage, rrhagia

 

break or bursting through, abnormal flow

 
9. 

hemorrhage

 

bleed with abnormal flow

 
10. 

hypothyroidism

 

condition of underactive thyroid

 
11. 

pneumon/o

 

lungs

 
12. 

mediastin/o

 

mediastinum= mass of tissue between the lungs

 
13. 

mening/o

 

meninges=three membranes that protect the brain *dura mater *pia mater *arachnoid

 
14. 

organ/o

 

organ

 
15. 

organic

 

relating to an organ

 
16. 

organomegaly

 

enlarged organ

 
17. 

pariet/o

 

wall, paries

 
18. 

parietal

 

relating to the wall of the cavity

 
19. 

pelvis

 

lower portion of the abdomin

 
20. 

pericardium

 

membrane that encloses the heart

 
21. 

peritone/o

 

peritoneum- serous memrane that lines abnominopelvic cavity

 
22. 

phrag/o

 

fence, wall

 
23. 

/phragm

 

enclosure

 
24. 

phren/o

 

diaphragm

 
25. 

phrenic

 

relating to diaphragm

 
26. 

pleur/o

 

pleura=serous memrane that lines the thoracic cavity

 
27. 

retro-orbital

 

relating to behind the eye

 
28. 

retroperitoneal

 

relating to behind the abnominopelvical cavity(peritoneum)

 
29. 

serosa

 

serous membrane

 
30. 

serum

 

clear fluid secreted from serous membrane

 
31. 

spin/o

 

spina=spine

 
32. 

spinal canal

 

canal form by vertebrae that encloses the spinal cord and meninges

 
33. 

thoracocentesis;thoracentesis

 

surgical puncture into the chest wall to remove fluid

 
34. 

ton/o

 

tone, tension=normal dergee of tension, or strech in muscle

 
35. 

viscer/o

 

viscus, viscera=any large organ in the cavity, especially the abdomen

 
36. 

/plasm

 

formation, growth, cell contents

 
37. 

/some

 

a body

 
38. 

ATP

 

adenosine triphosphate

 
39. 

biopsy

 

remove tissue for examination

 
40. 

centri/o

 

relating to a center or central location

 
41. 

chondri/o

 

chondrion=granule

 
42. 

chrom/o

 

color

 
43. 

chromat/o

 

color, chromatin

 
44. 

cilium

 

hairlike projection

 
45. 

DNA

 

deoxyribonucleic acid

 
46. 

enzyme

 

molecule that starts chemical reaction

 
47. 

flagellum

 

tail-like projection

 
48. 

genesis

 

producing

 
49. 

granular

 

grainy

 
50. 

genital

 

relating to reproduction or the genitalia

 
51. 

kary/o

 

karyon, nucleus

 
52. 

lip/o

 

lipos, fat

 
53. 

lys/o

 

lysis, dissolve or digest

 
54. 

mit/o

 

mitos, thread-like, relating to mitosis

 
55. 

nucle/o

 

nucleus,center

 
56. 

oxy/, ox/o

 

relating to the resence of oxygen in a chemical compound

 
57. 

oxidize

 

to combine with oxygen

 
58. 

phor/o

 

carry

 
59. 

phos/o

 

light

 
60. 

prot/o

 

first, primitive

 
61. 

reticul/o, reticulum

 

little network

 
62. 

rib/o

 

the sugar ribose

 
63. 

RNA

 

ribonucleic acid

 
64. 

som/o, somat/o

 

body

 
65. 

tri/

 

three

 
66. 

vesicul/o

 

bladder or sac of fluid

 
67. 

vill/o

 

fingerlike projection, hairy tuft

 
68. 

vir/o

 

virus

 
69. 

/ase

 

enzyme

 
70. 

iso/

 

same, equal

 
71. 

/ity

 

the state of

 
72. 

/phase

 

phase or portion

 
73. 

/static

 

control, hold in

 
74. 

anabolic

 

building up moleculs

 
75. 

C

 

chemical symbol for carbon

 
76. 

hexa/

 

six

 
77. 

catabolic

 

breaking down molecules

 
78. 

dialysis

 

separate

 
79. 

electrolyte

 

conducts a current in electricity and is decomposed by it

 
80. 

ferr/o

 

ferum, iron

 
81. 

Fe

 

chemical symbol for iron

 
82. 

H

 

chemical symbol for hydrogen

 
83. 

I

 

chem.symbol for Iodine

 
84. 

K

 

chem.symbol for Potassium

 
85. 

metaboiic

 

relating to metabolism

 
86. 

betabolism

 

breaking down and building up molecules

 
87. 

multi/

 

many

 
88. 

N

 

chem.symbol for Nitrogen

 
89. 

Na

 

chem.symbol for Sodium

 
90. 

osm/o

 

odor or smell, relating to osmosis

 
91. 

osmosis

 

to pass fluid through the membrane

 
92. 

pin/o

 

drink

 
93. 

tel/o, tele/

 

distant, end

 
94. 

/vascular

 

relating to a vessel system

 
95. 

/ceps

 

head

 
96. 

/gen

 

to produce or creat

 
97. 

penta/

 

five

 
98. 

/poietic

 

relating to the process of formation

 
99. 

oct/o

 

eight

 
100. 

adipose

 

relating to fat

 
101. 

areol/o, areola

 

containing little spaces

 
102. 

collagen

 

protein substance of connective tissue

 
103. 

column/o

 

column-shaped

 
104. 

con/, com/

 

with

 
105. 

cub/o

 

cube-shaped

 
106. 

elast/o

 

elastin, protein wich gives elasticity to the skin and walls of blood vessels

 
107. 

endocrine

 

secreting internally

 
108. 

epitheli/o

 

epithelium-surface tissue

 
109. 

fibr/o

 

fiber

 
110. 

flex/o

 

flexion, bending a joint

 
111. 

striated

 

striped

 
112. 

neuron

 

nerve cell

 
113. 

osse/o

 

bone

 
114. 

osteoporosis

 

atrophy of the bone

 
115. 

/poiesis

 

forming, making

 
116. 

por/o

 

hollow

 
117. 

skelet/o

 

skeleton, bony framework of the body

 
118. 

reticular

 

relating ti the fine network formed by cells

 
119. 

squam/o

 

scale-like cells

 
120. 

stratified

 

to form in layers

 
121. 

vascul/o

 

vessels

 
122. 

encephal/o

 

brain

 
123. 

encephalitis

 

inflamation of the brain

 
124. 

muscul/o

 

muscle

 
125. 

esophag/o

 

esophagus

 
126. 

gastrointestinal

 

relating to a stomach and intestine

 
127. 

immun/o

 

immune, resitnance

 
128. 

immunologic, immunological

 

relating to immunology

 
129. 

integument

 

protective covering, skin

 
130. 

integumentary

 

relating to integument=skin, protective covering

 
131. 

intestin/o

 

digestive trakt, intestine

 
132. 

lymphatic

 

relating to lymph node

 
133. 

lymphopoiesis

 

forming of lymphocytes

 
134. 

muscular

 

relating to a muscle

 
135. 

musculoskeletal

 

relating to the muscle and skeleton

 
136. 

neurological, neurologic

 

relating to neurology=study of the nervous system and its orders

 
137. 

pancreat/o

 

pancreas

 
138. 

perineum

 

pelvic floor

 
139. 

peroneal

 

relating to fibula

 
140. 

perone/o

 

relating to fibula

 
141. 

pulmonic

 

relating to lungs

 
142. 

spir/o

 

breathe

 
143. 

respiratory

 

to exhale, breathe

 
144. 

sebace/o

 

sebum, sweat

 
145. 

splenomegaly

 

enlaged spleen

 
146. 

thym/o

 

thymus gland-lymphoid organ in neck

 
147. 

thyroid

 

an endocrine gland that secretes hormones

 
148. 

ureter/o

 

ureter=the tube leading from the kidney to the bladder

 
149. 

urethr/o

 

urethra=canal leading away from the bladder

 
150. 

urin/o, ur/o

 

urine

 
151. 

onc/o

 

tumor

 
152. 

orth/o

 

straight

 
153. 

reumath/o

 

watery discharge, rheumatic condition

 
154. 

/vention

 

coming

 
155. 

neo/

 

new

 
156. 

esthesi/o

 

perception, sensation

 
157. 

/ence

 

the property of

 
158. 

/ive

 

characterized by

 
159. 

/reflexive

 

having reflexes

 
160. 

/rrheic

 

relating to flow

 
161. 

apo/

 

separation or derivation from

 
162. 

bull/o

 

bulla, large vesicle

 
163. 

cellul/o

 

cellula;at a cell level, within the cells

 
164. 

chlor/o

 

green

 
165. 

cyan/o

 

blue

 
166. 

decubit/o

 

decubitus, lying down

 
167. 

ecchym/o

 

ecchymoma;bruise,pour out

 
168. 

eczemat/o

 

eczema lesions, thick,scaly,weeping, crusty sores

 
169. 

eschar/o

 

eschar= sloughed dead tissue

 
170. 

fasci/o

 

fascia, connective tissue

 
171. 

pher/o

 

to bear or carry

 
172. 

hidr/o

 

sweat

 
173. 

hygien/o

 

hygiene, health

 
174. 

indurat/o

 

induration, abnormally hardened

 
175. 

ischi/o

 

ischium=a pelvic bone

 
176. 

kerat/o, keratin/o

 

horny, hardening, becoming horny

 
177. 

macul/o

 

macula, spot

 
178. 

melan/o

 

black

 
179. 

membran/o

 

membrane, thin layer of tissue

 
180. 

myc/o

 

fungus

 
181. 

onych/o

 

nail

 
182. 

or/o

 

mouth

 
183. 

pemphig/o

 

pemphigus=blister

 
184. 

phot/o

 

light

 
185. 

phylax/o, phylact/o

 

phylactus=guard

 
186. 

prostat/o

 

prostate= gland in the male

 
187. 

seb/o

 

sebum;oil,wax

 
188. 

sud/o

 

sweat, perspiration

 
189. 

synovi/o,synov/o

 

synovium, synovia, with egg, like egg white

 
190. 

syphil/o

 

syphilis, infectious venereal disease

 
191. 

system/o

 

systema;the body as a whole

 
192. 

tegument/o

 

covering

 
193. 

trigin/o

 

between skin folds

 
194. 

tympan/o

 

drum, eardrum

 
195. 

fluoresc/o

 

emmiting light when exposed to light, flow

 
196. 

operat/o

 

operation or surgery

 
197. 

/olone

 

steroid drug

 
198. 

/one

 

steroid drug

 
199. 

cocc/o

 

coccus- family of bacteria(ball shaped)

 
200. 

adenopathy

 

enlagerment of the glands

 
201. 

apocrine

 

to be secreted

 
202. 

bullae

 

blister beneath the epidermis

 
203. 

bullous

 

relating to large blister or vesicle

 
204. 

cellulitis

 

inflammation of cellular tissue

 
205. 

cyanosis

 

bluish discoloration

 
206. 

dermatitis

 

inflammation of the skin

 
207. 

ecchymosis

 

small hemorrhagic spot in the skin

 
208. 

eczema

 

chronic inflammatory condition of the skin

 
209. 

edematous

 

relatimg to edema=swelling

 
210. 

epidermal

 

relating to outer layer of the skin

 
211. 

erythematous

 

relating to inflammatory redness of the skin

 
212. 

inguinal

 

relating to the groin

 
213. 

keratodermatitis

 

any horny growth on the epidermis

 
214. 

laceration

 

torn or jagged wound

 
215. 

maculopapular

 

relating to both: macula(spot,stain) and papule(pimpel)

 
216. 

mycosis

 

any disease caused by fungy

 
217. 

neoplastic

 

relating to abnormal tissue grow

 
218. 

nephritis

 

inflammation of the kidney

 
219. 

normoreflexive

 

normal reflexes

 
220. 

onychodysplasia

 

abnormal nail development