Basic-MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY 3

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1. 
abdominocentesis
 
surgical puncture into the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
 
2. 
abdominopelvic
 
relating to the abdominal and pelic cavity
 
3. 
cranial
 
relating to the scull
 
4. 
cranium
 
skull
 
5. 
diaphragm
 
muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities
 
6. 
dura
 
refers to dura mater= outer membrane protecting the brain and spinal cord
 
7. 
foramen, foramen magnum
 
opening, large opening
 
8. 
/rrhage, rrhagia
 
break or bursting through, abnormal flow
 
9. 
hemorrhage
 
bleed with abnormal flow
 
10. 
hypothyroidism
 
condition of underactive thyroid
 
11. 
pneumon/o
 
lungs
 
12. 
mediastin/o
 
mediastinum= mass of tissue between the lungs
 
13. 
mening/o
 
meninges=three membranes that protect the brain *dura mater *pia mater *arachnoid
 
14. 
organ/o
 
organ
 
15. 
organic
 
relating to an organ
 
16. 
organomegaly
 
enlarged organ
 
17. 
pariet/o
 
wall, paries
 
18. 
parietal
 
relating to the wall of the cavity
 
19. 
pelvis
 
lower portion of the abdomin
 
20. 
pericardium
 
membrane that encloses the heart
 
21. 
peritone/o
 
peritoneum- serous memrane that lines abnominopelvic cavity
 
22. 
phrag/o
 
fence, wall
 
23. 
/phragm
 
enclosure
 
24. 
phren/o
 
diaphragm
 
25. 
phrenic
 
relating to diaphragm
 
26. 
pleur/o
 
pleura=serous memrane that lines the thoracic cavity
 
27. 
retro-orbital
 
relating to behind the eye
 
28. 
retroperitoneal
 
relating to behind the abnominopelvical cavity(peritoneum)
 
29. 
serosa
 
serous membrane
 
30. 
serum
 
clear fluid secreted from serous membrane
 
31. 
spin/o
 
spina=spine
 
32. 
spinal canal
 
canal form by vertebrae that encloses the spinal cord and meninges
 
33. 
thoracocentesis;thoracentesis
 
surgical puncture into the chest wall to remove fluid
 
34. 
ton/o
 
tone, tension=normal dergee of tension, or strech in muscle
 
35. 
viscer/o
 
viscus, viscera=any large organ in the cavity, especially the abdomen
 
36. 
/plasm
 
formation, growth, cell contents
 
37. 
/some
 
a body
 
38. 
ATP
 
adenosine triphosphate
 
39. 
biopsy
 
remove tissue for examination
 
40. 
centri/o
 
relating to a center or central location
 
41. 
chondri/o
 
chondrion=granule
 
42. 
chrom/o
 
color
 
43. 
chromat/o
 
color, chromatin
 
44. 
cilium
 
hairlike projection
 
45. 
DNA
 
deoxyribonucleic acid
 
46. 
enzyme
 
molecule that starts chemical reaction
 
47. 
flagellum
 
tail-like projection
 
48. 
genesis
 
producing
 
49. 
granular
 
grainy
 
50. 
genital
 
relating to reproduction or the genitalia
 
51. 
kary/o
 
karyon, nucleus
 
52. 
lip/o
 
lipos, fat
 
53. 
lys/o
 
lysis, dissolve or digest
 
54. 
mit/o
 
mitos, thread-like, relating to mitosis
 
55. 
nucle/o
 
nucleus,center
 
56. 
oxy/, ox/o
 
relating to the resence of oxygen in a chemical compound
 
57. 
oxidize
 
to combine with oxygen
 
58. 
phor/o
 
carry
 
59. 
phos/o
 
light
 
60. 
prot/o
 
first, primitive
 
61. 
reticul/o, reticulum
 
little network
 
62. 
rib/o
 
the sugar ribose
 
63. 
RNA
 
ribonucleic acid
 
64. 
som/o, somat/o
 
body
 
65. 
tri/
 
three
 
66. 
vesicul/o
 
bladder or sac of fluid
 
67. 
vill/o
 
fingerlike projection, hairy tuft
 
68. 
vir/o
 
virus
 
69. 
/ase
 
enzyme
 
70. 
iso/
 
same, equal
 
71. 
/ity
 
the state of
 
72. 
/phase
 
phase or portion
 
73. 
/static
 
control, hold in
 
74. 
anabolic
 
building up moleculs
 
75. 
C
 
chemical symbol for carbon
 
76. 
hexa/
 
six
 
77. 
catabolic
 
breaking down molecules
 
78. 
dialysis
 
separate
 
79. 
electrolyte
 
conducts a current in electricity and is decomposed by it
 
80. 
ferr/o
 
ferum, iron
 
81. 
Fe
 
chemical symbol for iron
 
82. 
H
 
chemical symbol for hydrogen
 
83. 
I
 
chem.symbol for Iodine
 
84. 
K
 
chem.symbol for Potassium
 
85. 
metaboiic
 
relating to metabolism
 
86. 
betabolism
 
breaking down and building up molecules
 
87. 
multi/
 
many
 
88. 
N
 
chem.symbol for Nitrogen
 
89. 
Na
 
chem.symbol for Sodium
 
90. 
osm/o
 
odor or smell, relating to osmosis
 
91. 
osmosis
 
to pass fluid through the membrane
 
92. 
pin/o
 
drink
 
93. 
tel/o, tele/
 
distant, end
 
94. 
/vascular
 
relating to a vessel system
 
95. 
/ceps
 
head
 
96. 
/gen
 
to produce or creat
 
97. 
penta/
 
five
 
98. 
/poietic
 
relating to the process of formation
 
99. 
oct/o
 
eight
 
100. 
adipose
 
relating to fat
 
101. 
areol/o, areola
 
containing little spaces
 
102. 
collagen
 
protein substance of connective tissue
 
103. 
column/o
 
column-shaped
 
104. 
con/, com/
 
with
 
105. 
cub/o
 
cube-shaped
 
106. 
elast/o
 
elastin, protein wich gives elasticity to the skin and walls of blood vessels
 
107. 
endocrine
 
secreting internally
 
108. 
epitheli/o
 
epithelium-surface tissue
 
109. 
fibr/o
 
fiber
 
110. 
flex/o
 
flexion, bending a joint
 
111. 
striated
 
striped
 
112. 
neuron
 
nerve cell
 
113. 
osse/o
 
bone
 
114. 
osteoporosis
 
atrophy of the bone
 
115. 
/poiesis
 
forming, making
 
116. 
por/o
 
hollow
 
117. 
skelet/o
 
skeleton, bony framework of the body
 
118. 
reticular
 
relating ti the fine network formed by cells
 
119. 
squam/o
 
scale-like cells
 
120. 
stratified
 
to form in layers
 
121. 
vascul/o
 
vessels
 
122. 
encephal/o
 
brain
 
123. 
encephalitis
 
inflamation of the brain
 
124. 
muscul/o
 
muscle
 
125. 
esophag/o
 
esophagus
 
126. 
gastrointestinal
 
relating to a stomach and intestine
 
127. 
immun/o
 
immune, resitnance
 
128. 
immunologic, immunological
 
relating to immunology
 
129. 
integument
 
protective covering, skin
 
130. 
integumentary
 
relating to integument=skin, protective covering
 
131. 
intestin/o
 
digestive trakt, intestine
 
132. 
lymphatic
 
relating to lymph node
 
133. 
lymphopoiesis
 
forming of lymphocytes
 
134. 
muscular
 
relating to a muscle
 
135. 
musculoskeletal
 
relating to the muscle and skeleton
 
136. 
neurological, neurologic
 
relating to neurology=study of the nervous system and its orders
 
137. 
pancreat/o
 
pancreas
 
138. 
perineum
 
pelvic floor
 
139. 
peroneal
 
relating to fibula
 
140. 
perone/o
 
relating to fibula
 
141. 
pulmonic
 
relating to lungs
 
142. 
spir/o
 
breathe
 
143. 
respiratory
 
to exhale, breathe
 
144. 
sebace/o
 
sebum, sweat
 
145. 
splenomegaly
 
enlaged spleen
 
146. 
thym/o
 
thymus gland-lymphoid organ in neck
 
147. 
thyroid
 
an endocrine gland that secretes hormones
 
148. 
ureter/o
 
ureter=the tube leading from the kidney to the bladder
 
149. 
urethr/o
 
urethra=canal leading away from the bladder
 
150. 
urin/o, ur/o
 
urine
 
151. 
onc/o
 
tumor
 
152. 
orth/o
 
straight
 
153. 
reumath/o
 
watery discharge, rheumatic condition
 
154. 
/vention
 
coming
 
155. 
neo/
 
new
 
156. 
esthesi/o
 
perception, sensation
 
157. 
/ence
 
the property of
 
158. 
/ive
 
characterized by
 
159. 
/reflexive
 
having reflexes
 
160. 
/rrheic
 
relating to flow
 
161. 
apo/
 
separation or derivation from
 
162. 
bull/o
 
bulla, large vesicle
 
163. 
cellul/o
 
cellula;at a cell level, within the cells
 
164. 
chlor/o
 
green
 
165. 
cyan/o
 
blue
 
166. 
decubit/o
 
decubitus, lying down
 
167. 
ecchym/o
 
ecchymoma;bruise,pour out
 
168. 
eczemat/o
 
eczema lesions, thick,scaly,weeping, crusty sores
 
169. 
eschar/o
 
eschar= sloughed dead tissue
 
170. 
fasci/o
 
fascia, connective tissue
 
171. 
pher/o
 
to bear or carry
 
172. 
hidr/o
 
sweat
 
173. 
hygien/o
 
hygiene, health
 
174. 
indurat/o
 
induration, abnormally hardened
 
175. 
ischi/o
 
ischium=a pelvic bone
 
176. 
kerat/o, keratin/o
 
horny, hardening, becoming horny
 
177. 
macul/o
 
macula, spot
 
178. 
melan/o
 
black
 
179. 
membran/o
 
membrane, thin layer of tissue
 
180. 
myc/o
 
fungus
 
181. 
onych/o
 
nail
 
182. 
or/o
 
mouth
 
183. 
pemphig/o
 
pemphigus=blister
 
184. 
phot/o
 
light
 
185. 
phylax/o, phylact/o
 
phylactus=guard
 
186. 
prostat/o
 
prostate= gland in the male
 
187. 
seb/o
 
sebum;oil,wax
 
188. 
sud/o
 
sweat, perspiration
 
189. 
synovi/o,synov/o
 
synovium, synovia, with egg, like egg white
 
190. 
syphil/o
 
syphilis, infectious venereal disease
 
191. 
system/o
 
systema;the body as a whole
 
192. 
tegument/o
 
covering
 
193. 
trigin/o
 
between skin folds
 
194. 
tympan/o
 
drum, eardrum
 
195. 
fluoresc/o
 
emmiting light when exposed to light, flow
 
196. 
operat/o
 
operation or surgery
 
197. 
/olone
 
steroid drug
 
198. 
/one
 
steroid drug
 
199. 
cocc/o
 
coccus- family of bacteria(ball shaped)
 
200. 
adenopathy
 
enlagerment of the glands
 
201. 
apocrine
 
to be secreted
 
202. 
bullae
 
blister beneath the epidermis
 
203. 
bullous
 
relating to large blister or vesicle
 
204. 
cellulitis
 
inflammation of cellular tissue
 
205. 
cyanosis
 
bluish discoloration
 
206. 
dermatitis
 
inflammation of the skin
 
207. 
ecchymosis
 
small hemorrhagic spot in the skin
 
208. 
eczema
 
chronic inflammatory condition of the skin
 
209. 
edematous
 
relatimg to edema=swelling
 
210. 
epidermal
 
relating to outer layer of the skin
 
211. 
erythematous
 
relating to inflammatory redness of the skin
 
212. 
inguinal
 
relating to the groin
 
213. 
keratodermatitis
 
any horny growth on the epidermis
 
214. 
laceration
 
torn or jagged wound
 
215. 
maculopapular
 
relating to both: macula(spot,stain) and papule(pimpel)
 
216. 
mycosis
 
any disease caused by fungy
 
217. 
neoplastic
 
relating to abnormal tissue grow
 
218. 
nephritis
 
inflammation of the kidney
 
219. 
normoreflexive
 
normal reflexes
 
220. 
onychodysplasia
 
abnormal nail development