AP History - Early Settlement

Total Flash Cards » 20
 
1. 

A visionary radical Protestant sect whose members believed in an Inner Light that brought them close to God, equality in religious and social life, pacifism, and defiance of authority when it denied their rights to practice their religion.

 

Quakers

 
2. 

A prominent Englishman to whom the king granted vast areas of land in colonial North America.

 

proprietor

 
3. 

This was used in Virginia to encourage immigration by giving 50 acres of land to any settler who brought a servant.

 

headright system

 
4. 

This Virgina settler married and experiments with growing tobacco in the colony.

 

John Rolfe

 
5. 

English Protestants who wished not only to rid the Church of England of its Catholic traditions, but also to reform English society; they came to New England to set up a model community as an example to the rest of Europe.

 

Puritans

 
6. 

In 1635 he was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony because he said that the government had no authority over the personal opinions of individuals. He founded Rhode Island as a colony for religious freedom.

 

Roger Williams

 
7. 

This Quaker viewed his colony as a "Holy Experiment."

 

William Penn

 
8. 

A radical separatist group of English Protestants who settled at Plymouth in order to be left alone to lead a pure and religious life.

 

Pilgrims

 
9. 

Mostly young and single European immigrants who entered into work contracts for a specified period of years in exchange for free passage to America and sometimes a promise of land at the end of the contract.

 

indentured servant

 
10. 

This adventurer instituted military discipline and perhaps saved the Virginia colony at Jamestown.

 

John Smith

 
11. 

An attempt by New England clergymen in 1662 to counteract declining church membership by allowing the children of church members to join even though they had not experienced salvation.

 

Half-Way Covenant

 
12. 

This prominent New England clergyman helped bring the Salem witchcraft trials to a close.

 

Increase Mather

 
13. 

An interpretation of Puritan doctrine associated with Anne Hutchinson that stressed mystical elements in God's grace and diverged from orthodox Puritan views on salvation.

 

antinomianism

 
14. 

This Puritan theologian was the leader of the first Great Awakening in New England.

 

Jonathan Edwards

 
15. 

This law allowed freedom of worship for all Christians in Maryland to keep the peace between Catholics and Protestants there.

 

Act of Toleration

 
16. 

He led about 1000 Puritans to America in 1630 and was elected the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

 

John Winthrop

 
17. 

He led a rebellion in Virginia against the autocratic government of Lord Berkeley in the late 17c.

 

Nathanial Bacon

 
18. 

A prominent humanitarian, he led a group of settlers and helped found the colony of Georgia in 1732.

 

James Oglethorpe

 
19. 

This New York newspaper editor made a written attack on the corrupt royal governor and was arrested on the basis of seditious libel. However, after a trial, he was found not guilty.

 

John Peter Zenger

 
20. 

He led an uprising in New York in the name of King William IV against the Anglo-Dutch ruling elite.

 

Jacob Leisler