27 Amendments

Total Flash Cards » 27
 
1. 

1st Amendment
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Gives basic human rights: Freedom of 1)Religion 2)Press 3)Assembly 4)Petition 5)Speech

 
2. 

2nd Amendment
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This gives citizens the 1)Right to bear arms-- meaning you are allowed to have guns.

 
3. 

3rd Amendment
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This amendment says that people should not have to let soldiers stay in their house if they dont want to. 1) Right to not quarter soldiers

 
4. 

4th Amendment
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says that if an officer wants to search you or your property, they must have a warrant that describes the pereson or property to be searched, and state exactly what they are looking for. 1) right to refuse unreasonable searches

 
5. 

5th Amendment
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States that you dont have to speak to an officer until you have been read your rights, or your attorney is present. 1) right to remain silent

 
6. 

6th Amendment
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Gives rights to the accused, 1)The right to a speedy, public trial 2) The right to be judged by an impartial jury 3)The right to know what you are being tried for 4) The right to see witnesses 5) The right to choose your own witnesses 5) The right to an attorney

 
7. 

7th Amendment
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if the value of controversy exceeds 20 dollars, then you have the 1) right to a jury, and also will have a court case

 
8. 

8th Amendment
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This amendment says that bail cant not be set extremely high, and punishments cannot be cruel and unusual. 1) right to a reasonable punishment 2) right to reasonable bail

 
9. 

9th Amendment
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it prevents governement from claiming that the only right people have are those listed in The Bill of Rights. 1) right to other things not listed in the bill of rights

 
10. 

10th Amendment
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preserves the states rights and initializes federalism 1)righs for states- to be seperate from federal government

 
11. 

11th Amendment
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restrains the supreme court from having too much power, and that they can hear cases from states vs citizens, or citizens vs states. 1)right to equal power within the three branches. 2)right for citizens to be viewed in supreme court if necessary

 
12. 

12th Amendment
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Previously, when voting, a voter would choose someone for vice president, and someone for president. But the problem was, sometimes the elected presidents would be of different political parties and wouldnt always agree on things. This amendment stated that a president and a vice preseident of the same politcal party had to run together.

1)RIght to a secure government

 
13. 

13th Amendment
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Slavery was frowned upon in america everywhere but the southern states, and after they seceded and started the civil war and then were defeated, the government was able to create the 13th Amendment which ablolished slavery in the U.S.

1) Right to freedom 2)Right to protection

 
14. 

14th Amendment
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After the 13th Amendment was passed, southern states started using "Black-Codes" which gave blacks certain rules to go by, this led to cruelty, and violence in these states. Because of all this mess, the 14th amendment was passed saying that automatically all former slaves were citizens here. and received citizens rights.

1)right for every citizen to vote

 
15. 

15th Amendment
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Citizens should not be denied the right to vote becasue of race, ethnicity, or previous condition of servitude 1)Right for every man to vote- no matter skin color

 
16. 

16th Amendment
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This amendment allowed congress to collect direct taxes, becuse in the past the government was not allowed to collect teaxes on property

1) The right to collect taxes

 
17. 

17th Amendment
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further describes the electoral college, each senator has one vote. and senators can only be elected for 2 years, and presidents serve 4 year terms.

 
18. 

18th Amendment
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Bans the sale, manufacture, or use of alchohol. this is the only amendment to ever be repealed (21st amendment) 1) Right to protection

 
19. 

19th Amendment
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Gave women the right to vote- cant deny a citizen the right to vote based on gender. 1) right for every citizen (man or woman) to vote

 
20. 

20th Amendment
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This amendment changed the inoguration date to sware in the president from January 20, to January 3. They changed this because this time was called the "lame duck period" and it had many problems.1) Right to amend the constitution

 
21. 

21st Amendment
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This amendment repealed the 18th Amendment--bring back sales and distribution of alchohol, for the eightenth amendment was extremely ineffective. 1) Right to repeal an amendment due to changing society

 
22. 

22nd Amendment
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This amendment limited the number of terms a president can run/serve in office. This amendment was needed after Truman served as president because Roosevelt passed away. This amendment just makes set in stone that a president can only be elected for 2, four year terms. 1)Right to keep other branches in line (Checks and Balances)

 
23. 

23rd Amendment
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This gave Washington D.C. rights as if it were a state, it did not make it a state. For example, the right to vote for president, and the right to a local government. 1) Right to vote

 
24. 

24th Amendment
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This amendment bans states from collecting a poll tax-- or a tax you have to pay in order to vote. States did this to decrease the number of black voters. But this was finally declared inconstitutional via this amendment.

1)Right for every man to vote--for free!

 
25. 

25th Amendment
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This amendment was passed after Kennedy's death, because if he were to live he would have been in a coma for several months. In this amendment, it says that if a president is disabled and unable to fullfill his/her duties, the vice president will take office.

1) RIght to amend The Constitution

 
26. 

26th Amendment
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During the Vietnam War, men 18 and up were forced to fight and even die for their country, but if you are under 21, you arent even allowed to vote, so people thought this was unfair, and extended the 14th amendment saying that if you are 18, you are considered an adult and you are allowed to vote. 1) RIght for adults/citizens to vote 2) Right to amend the Constitution

 
27. 

27th Amendment
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This amendment prohibits any law that changes a salary for congress members until their next term in office. This amendment was submitted 202 years before it actually passed.

1)Right to amend the constitution 2) checks and balances rights